Note #4 The Return of George W.M. Reynolds

by

R.E. Prindle

 GWMReynolds

In the twenty-first century when the public mind was focused on exorcizing the past the search was to correct or eliminate unapproved statements and thoughts from literature. This attitude was nothing new. In the nineteenth century censorship was concerned with sexual matters. In the explosive time of the 21st century anything goes as far as pornography. For this time one can be disqualified for life over racial matters.

In 1837 the seemingly immortal Charles Dickens created a criminal character by the name of Fagin in his Oliver Twist. Fagin was a Jew. As he tried to explain in his defence when he was accused of defaming the Jews, in 1837 the underworld of the nineteenth century was run by Jews. In other words, he was depicting reality. He was simply citing underworld facts.

Dickens was made to humble himself and since his works were reproduced in numberless editions he agreed that in future editions he would scrub references to Fagin as a Jew.

Historically, after the French Revolution of the eighteenth century had emancipated the Jews, the conflict between Jews and Europeans shifted in their favor. As the nineteenth century advanced they began to dominate all social and financial areas. This was universally recognized and resented. The question was alert. One of the English writers who early realized and wrote about it was the best selling author of the nineteenth century. No, it wasn’t Charles Dickens, it was an author who was wildly popular until the first world war. His name was George W.M. Reynolds.

He wrote an entire 500 page allegory about the situation, much disguised in his fabulous novel The Necromancer, readily available today. In addition and openly in about 1854-55 when the attack on Dickens was gaining intensity the following extract from his novel published by the Wildside Press, The Fortunes of the Ashtons, Vol. 1, page 201:

In one of the principal thoroughfares, so narrow, so crowded, which constitute the City of London, stood the immense establishment of Mr. Samuel Emanuel, the great clothier.

The reader will not require to be informed that this individual was of the Hebrew race; nor if we be compelled to say anything to his disparagement, it must not be presumed that we are holding him up as an invariable type of his nation. It is nothing of the sort. We yield to no one, we may without vanity affirm, in enlightened opinions with respect to the Jews, and we have the conviction that there are many excellent persons amongst them as well as many admirable traits in their national character. [Here we must acknowledge that Reynolds anticipates the twentieth century psychologist Sigmund Freud in his Group Psychology And The Analysis Of The Ego in which Freud definitely states that groups such as his own Jews do have identifiable traits, while to be in a group by definition is having similar traits. How could a group be considered a group without identifying traits? I have found Reynolds to be an excellent psychologist.]

But, there ae good and bad of all kinds and species in this world—good and bad Christians,, good and bad Musselmans, good and bad Buddhists, and therefore why not bad Israelites as well as good ones? We will even go farther and we will affirm that within the range of our own experience have met persons professing Christianity, of a viler stamp of rascality, and capable of more unmitigated scoundrelism, that ever we discovered a Jew to be guilty of.

Thus, at this time we can see to what a pass society, English society, had come because of the extreme Jewish sensitivity. I have to believe that in this openly broaching of the question that George W.M. Reynolds is coming to the defense of Charles Dickens and indirectly defending freedom of speech that is being encroached on by the Jews. Reynolds might well have asked why the Jews should be given a favored position free from any censure?

In accurately describing English society which consisted of several races and nationalities, various Anglo-Saxon tribes, Normans, Irish, Welsh, Scots, Jewish, Gypsy and we might as well throw in the French Huguenots why should the Jews be excused from the generality and given a special and higher position. How could English society be accurately portrayed without them. How could their deeds and practices be ignored. Indeed they would have complained of neglect had that been the case as they have complained in the nineteenth and twentieth and twenty -first centuries.

I ask how can a historian write accurate history if an historian is required to self-censor to favor a particular race, while at the same time that race has the privilege of censoring the conduct of all others? In the twenty-first century a writer is required to self-censor any accurate depictions of Jews, Moslems, Negroes, Women and Sexual Deviants, and actual madmen. Indeed, one is forbidden to write a factual account of something that happened to one’s self lest it should offend those sensitive perps. One must censor one’s very own life.

If so, history and many other Liberal Arts studies become meaningless.

In Reynolds’ case he was no pansy as was Dickens who cut his jib to suit the Jews. Fagin was an accurate depiction of a Jewish criminal, in fact, he was not the worst of the lot while the whole lot had a very negative impact on society. Indeed the Jews were disproportionately represented in the criminal ranks as they were in financial circles. This is a historic fact. It cannot be denied.

Perhaps after his daring confession of faith Reynolds, because he was more than capable of defending himself, was not taken on by the Jews. Perhaps also the sudden and inexplicable disappearance of his works after 1914 was because he was banned by Jewish vengeance.

There is increasing evidence that a hundred years on after his expulsion he is being rehabilitated and recognized as the great literary artist he is. There is much to be learned from his writing. George W.M. Reynolds was very nearly sui generis.

Pt. IX: Time Traveling With R.E. Prindle

by

R.E. Prindle

 GWMReynolds

George W.M. Reynolds

Now that in parts six, seven and eight we have an adequate time line of Reynolds’ career we can get down into the substance of his major works, Mysteries of London and Mysteries of the Court of London. For those not aware of the extent of his corpus, it is immense with about all of it written concurrently with his two major novels.

For instance, in the four years from 1844 to 1848 when the four series of Mysteries of London were written, George also wrote Faust: A Romance of the Secret Tribunals in 1847; Wagner, the Wehrwolf in 1846-47; The Mysteries of Old London: Days of Hogarth in 1847-48 and The Coral Island or, The Hereditary Curse in 1848 as he ended Mysteries of London and began Mysteries of the Court at the same time. All of these are significant works are of some length.

Also, in 1846, he began to publish his magazine, The Reynolds Miscellany which he edited. While I have not received the copies yet, Gyan Publishers of India offers ten volumes of the Miscellany in five volumes of about eight hundred pages each. I will browse them when they arrive.

Altogether this seems to be a heavy writing load, an impossible load. Yet when one examines Reynolds’ working methods and his careful time management it may have been easily done by him given his large mind. Certainly the load from 1844 to 1848 was, for him, light. He was responsible for turning in eight double column pages, minus illustrations a week.

George_IV_

George IV In Full Regalia

As his mind could apparently be rigidly compartmentalized; as he is said to have written very fast, then his actual work period turning out eight thousand words could be easily done in, say, six hours. He had to keep his whole story in mind for each sequent but, as I imagine, as he turned in an installment his mind, or part of it, immediately began plotting out the next installment so that when his next deadline approached he had the eight thousand words ready and could just spill them out. So, his whole work week by which he sustained his whole extensive family was only six hours long.

The rest of the seven days could be devoted to family matters, exploring the metropolis and reading. George read and studied. His Greek mythology was correct and extensive, and he drops classical references regularly. Oddly he makes few Biblical references. He very obviously was familiar with the British, French and German literature of the day. He was definitely literate in English and French and probably could read German. He takes his inspiration from where he can get it. Could there be any coincidence that the William Harrison Ainsworth depiction of the Gypsy camp in Rookwood is reflected in Reynolds’ passages of Gypsy camps in Mysteries of London? I think not.

As I am discovering, not many people are aware of W.H. Ainsworth. He seems to be virtually unknown, but then, so does Reynolds. Ainsworth was a very successful and influential author of the day turning out perhaps more books than Reynolds while being a major influence on Reynolds. Very good books, too, well worth reading.

While I had read Ainsworth’s name being frequently mentioned I had never read him until just recently. I was fortunate to pick up various sets of novelists of this period at an online auction for next to nothing. Ainsworth was one of the sets. While the books were nearly free, about a dollar each, the shipping from Topeka Kansas was horrendous. So, while I have some reading of the period, I can now immerse myself.

By the way, I have been familiar with the French writers for some time and more recently the German authors while an ardent admirer of ETA Hoffman for a couple decades. While it is clear that George read French with ease, it seems probable that he could wade through German texts also. So, what he did with a full week’s time is of interest.

Obviously, one thing, was how to become his own publisher. In 1846 only two years into Mysteries of London he obviously understood enough about publishing to launch his successful Miscellany at which time he began his ancillary novels to fill its pages. The first issue began with his Wagner, the Wehr Wolf. Undoubtedly the other three novels also appeared in its pages. I will find out soon.

Now, the two major works are immense. I have now read each twice. The first time I caught the most exciting highlights. The second time I penetrated the depth but the stories are so long and diverse a third and fourth reading would be necessary to organize all the characters and incidents. Actually both works are several novels in one. The stories are braided in such a way that that one story branches out replaced by another related story then rejoining further downstream. Each story could be abstracted and edited into a complete novel with certain characters interchangeably distributed throughout. Thus the story in the first series of Mysteries of the Court of Tim Meagles and Lady Diana Lade is completed and finished with Tim and Diana eased out of the rest of the novel.

Beau Brummel

The Beau w/Cravat

The question in that instance is who was Tim Meagles in real life. I believe he was none other than the Beau himself, Beau Brummell. As Mysteries of the Court is a story of the Regency of George VI and as the Beau had the same relationship with the Prince as Meagles, the two must be related as no other than the Beau had so close a relationship with the Regent.

As my authority for the history of Beau Brummell I use the biography of Capt. Jesse, titled Beau Brummell. The Capt. Published in 1844 and he is speaking first hand while having had an acquaintance with Beau in his exile in France. My edition is from a set called Beaux and Belles of England published probably in the 1890s by the Grolier Society of London, a veritable treasure trove of biographies of the era.

The Beau, a Dandy and Beau, is an example of a social species with a long history in England and indeed probably going back in the annals of time to the transformation of the human species from the anthropoids. It is certain that there were cavemen who wore their pelts better than others and perhaps bathed more regularly. The advent of Mr. Gillette being well in the future. The Beau himself was fastidious, apparently unlike his contemporaries as his fastidiousness is mentioned as exceptional. Make your own judgment.

Brummel who was named George as apparently were half the male members of England at the time, was the son of a wealthy merchant thus inheriting thirty thousand pounds on his father’s death or however long it took to get out chancery. Beau, surveying the social scene determined that the only society worth having was that of the aristocrats. Having money but no title he did not qualify for their company so the Beau became the Beau, the trendsetter of male fashion and thus gained acceptability.

He also developed into a master snob and as such rose to prominence or, at least, notoriety. His notoriety attracted the attention of the Prince, that is, George IV, later the Regent and then the King in his own right. There is a remarkable resemblance between the two. I post pictures. From these it appears that the two might almost have had the same father. At any rate, Prince and Beau become bonded, much like Meagles and the Prince. Remember that George IV in his own persona is the main character in the story. The Prince then resided in his mansion, Carlton House, on Pall Mall. Let me interject that there is an excellent survey of the Capital titled London by Charles Knight in six lengthy volumes, Cambridge University Press, containing wonderful historical essays on most of the locations mentioned by George- that is, Reynolds. The six volumes were originally issued in parts ending in 1844, One can sharpen one’s understanding.

But, George- that is Brummel- was terribly irked by his inferior position to George- that is the Prince and so he became demeaning and superior, ridiculing George IV in conversations with others so that the Prince, George, became infuriated and broke off relations with George, the Beau. The crowning touch came when he and a fellow ran into the Prince while walking. The Prince studiously ignored the Beau addressing only his friend causing Brummell to caustically remark: Who’s your fat friend? Well, come now. Completely in disfavor now the Beau deteriorated and as a relatively young man was forced into exile in Calais, France. This previous history is all that concerns us in his characterization in Tim Meagle.

Meagles’ story was written a while after Dumas’ very famous The Three Musketeers was published. The Three Musketeers is a fabulous myth. A wonderful creation of the equally fabulous Alexander Dumas. In Meagles and his companion Lady Diana Lade it appears that Reynolds is trying to create a myth to equal the Musketeers and female character, Milady. Indeed, there are such similarities that Reynolds may have considered himself a rival to the great Frenchman.

Read what Andre Maurois has to say in his biography of the three Dumas titled The Titans of 1957, pp. 182-83:

Never in the whole course of French literature has there been anything comparable to Dumas’s output between the years 1845 and 1855. Novels from eight to ten volumes showered down without a break on the newspapers and bookshops. The whole history of France was passed in review. The Three Musketeers was followed by Twenty Years After and that by Vicomte de Bragelone, another trilogy- Chicot the Jester (La Reine Margot), La dame de Monsoreau and The Forty-Five Guardsmen.

Simultaneously with these, Dumas was busy narrating the decline and fall of the French monarchy—The Diamond Necklace…Le Chevalier de Maison Rouge, Memoires of a Physician…Ange Pitou and La Comtesse de Charny. From early on he had planned to annex the whole of history to his romantic domain. “There is no end to what I want to do,” he said. ‘I long for the impossible. How am I to achieve what I have in mind? By working as no one has ever worked before, by pruning life of all its details; by doing without sleep…’ This programme accounts for the five or six hundred volumes which so astonish the reader…. No one has read all Dumas.

Compare Reynolds and his output from 1844 to 1859. He too wished to write the history of all Europe. When Maurois mentions the five or six hundred volumes he means, I imagine, parts. Thus if Reynolds is broken into parts he can account for three or four hundred volumes. The eight or ten volumes of Mysteries of the Court of London can be broken down to eight or ten complete novels all interrelated. Truly the period from about 1840 to 1880 is the height of British and European literature.

Reynolds changes the character of Meagles from Brummell’s own. The Beau according to Capt. Jesse was quite effeminate. Indeed, he never married and apparently had no female lovers. Meagles and Lady Lade seem to have had a platonic relationship until her husband died. They extorted a Marquisate from George III and then as the Beau had disappeared from England they disappear from The Mysteries of the Court.

Indeed, the Beau must have been trying to inveigle his friend, George IV, into making him a Marquis or ennoblement of some kind. Had Brummel been ennobled then he would have been entitled to associate with the aristocracy instead of being a hanger on.

Lady Lade throughout her and Meagles’ episodes dresses in men’s clothing so that she and Meagles appear as two men to the unobservant. As her name Diana indicates she represents the virgin huntress Artemis in Greek mythology or Diana in the Latin; the female archetype of the Piscean Age in Northern Europe. Reynolds repeatedly refers to her as the Huntress and other attributes of Diana, Tim must therefore be meant to be the male archetype of Pisces in Reynolds’ mind, not as the Redeemer but perhaps as the Trickster.

Just as the Beau longs for a title so does Tim. While the Beau retreated ungratified Tim and Lady Diana Lade obtain their Marquisate by criminal or blackmail means. Without going into details here, Tim and Diana have knowledge that would compromise the reputation of the Georgian House. Using this knowledge then they criminally extort their Marquisate from George III.

To some extent then, Mysteries of the Court is a roman a clef. How many of the other novels in the Mysteries of the Court collection may reference actual histories remains to be addressed.

The main theme is a condemnation of the Regent, George IV. Reynolds detests him as well as the whole aristocracy to the maximum. But, how much of that detestation is sheer envy. How much of himself did Reynolds put into Meagles/Brummell? Reynolds himself has the appearance of a Dandy or Beau and Ainsworth definitely was one. He is so vehement one has to wonder about his accuracy. Is this a fictional history of reality or mere raving. It is apparently reasonably accurate. Capt. Jesse who wrote of Beau Brummell while a stalwart member of his class condemns George IV for, as he puts it, teaching the aristocracy to live beyond their incomes, squandering their great wealth frivolously while living the lives of Libertines.

Reynolds then has the spirit of the times correct and while he may perhaps exaggerate he is not false. He himself believes he is writing fictionalized history; that is, fleshing out the fact with probable detailing.

Thus, in what might be termed the fifth and sixth series of the extended Mysteries of London and the Court, although these two series are not related to the first four, the fifth series concerns itself with the years around 1795 leading to the marriage of George IV with the Princess Caroline. The key point being his previous secret marriage to Mrs. Fitzherbert.

Reynolds does not tackle his main theme directly but embeds it in a series of stories, or novellas, or novels, peripheral to it while creating a sociological portrait of the times making George’s character confirmed by external events.

Mrs. Fitzherbert had ruled Carlton House and the Prince, as George then was, before the Regency, and enjoyed great privileges. The crisis came when George’s father, demanded that George marry the German Princess Caroline of Hanover, Germany who was something of a rustic. That meant he had to put away Mrs. Fitzherbert whom he found compatible and take up with Caroline who he detested.

He tolerated her long enough to create an heir, the Princess Charlotte and then made Caroline’s life miserable so that she exiled herself to the Continent. In Reynolds’ story, sixth series, she is living in Switzerland twenty years later. As this is 1815 Napoleon has just returned from his exile on Elba to Paris.

Reynolds is a clear writer and as his title indicates he is essentially writing a mystery he reveals clues only as necessary. The sixth series, then, titled Venetia Trelawney tells of Mrs. Fitzherbert’s attempt to regain her position at court through a surrogate, Venetia.

We are not permitted to know this until at the conclusion of the series of book five. Apart from all the subsidiary stories the main burden of the sixth series is George IV’s machinations to injure his wife, Caroline. He attempts to portray her as dissolute and morally corrupt for consorting with her equerry, Bergami. he was a fine figure of a man.

To achieve this goal the Prince, now Regent, goes to great lengths in a more or less improbable scheme. A Mrs. Owen has four lovely daughters who, following the Prince’s instructions, she is turning into courtesans and mistresses of duplicity. The youngest, Mary, refuses the training but the other three go to Geneva to be ladies in waiting for Caroline. There by subterfuge they make it appear that Caroline and Bergami are having an affair. Needless to say the scheme is baffled through the agency of Mrs. Fitzherbert.

That’s the general plan but of course much excitement is created by circumambient subplots that are braided into the main story. Many interesting characters are created. Larry Sampson, the Bow Street detective and his adversary the Hangman, Daniel Coffin. Coffin comes close to being as interesting as the Resurrection Man of the first two series of the Mysteries of London. Doctor Death of the third and fourth series doesn’t come close to the above two as a villain. Coffin is more related to the eighteenth century criminal master mind Johnathan Wild or Conan Doyle’s fictional Moriarty.

Of the six series the third and fourth are the weakest although having brilliant moments and a very good temptress, Laura Lorne. That will be dealt with separately. Having discussed the main story of The Mysteries Of London is the first eight parts of Time Travels there is no need to do so here.

When George closed off the second series of The Mysteries of the Court he said that he was through with George IV but that his head was bursting with ideas for a new series. Now a mystery ensues.

My edition of Mysteries of the Court was published by the Francis F. Burton Ethnographical Society in Boston and an Oxford Society in England in twenty volumes c. 1900 under the general title The Works of George W.M. Reynolds. By works is meant twenty volumes of The Mysteries of the Court of London, that’s all. Thus, the set is divided into four units of five volumes. The first five deal with the coming marriage to Caroline, the second five to Venetia Trelawney and the plot against Caroline. Then a third set issued under Reynolds’ name with his picture on the title page under the title, Lady Saxondale’s Crimes, while the fourth division of five volumes is called The Fortunes of the Ashtons. Thus, if the last two divisions are authentic the total work would be ten thousand pages. However there is no mention of the latter two series by any Reynolds scholar. Neither the Oxford Society nor the Burton Ethnographical Society give any indication of the provenance of the latter two series.

Richard F. Burton is the famous Victorian explorer, most notably in the search for the source of the Nile, and being the first European to penetrate into Mecca. He translated the entire Arabian Nights in seventeen volumes. So he became among the first ethnographers. The Oxford Society was also an ethnographical society. Little can be found on either on the internet.

Burton established his Society in 1843 splitting off from a predecessor. One wonders if Reynolds, ever curious, associated himself with the Burton Society and perhaps its predecessor. His Mysteries of the Court of London may be construed as an ethnographical study. I certainly read it as such. Possibly the Oxford and Burton Societies found the Mysteries of the Court so suitable that they commissioned writers to write the two additional series.

It might be possible that Reynolds commissioned the two series but there appears to be no earlier record of them at this tim, indeed, no record but their publication in the Works of George W.M. Reynolds. There is a story worth investigating in the American publishing house, T.B. Peterson. They were responsible for the publication of several novels written by their stable of authors under Reynold’s name. There is information on T.B. Peterson on the internet.

The firm was located in Philadelphia. They had a huge catalog what literature is in the Penny Dreadful style including a large selection of titles from writers like W.H. Ainsworth, Bulwer Lytton and, of course George W.M. Reynolds. They published a two volume edition under the title of The Mysteries of the Court of London. I have no idea whether it included the whole of the two series or a condensed version. They published twenty, perhaps more titles written by their authors under Reynolds’ name, including Ciprina or, The Secrets of the Picture Gallery.

This volume has actually been issued by the British Library as an authentic Reynolds. Possibly T.B. Peterson is unknown to them. Lord Saxondale, who was apparently a little less criminal than his wife Lady Saxondale, Count Christobal, and Lucrizia Mirano, Edgar Montrose or, the Mysterious Penitent, the Ruined Gangster. Peterson really liked The Necromancer while that title was also published by a New York firm.

Anent the Necromancer. I am of the opinion that this book was also not written by Reynolds, or possibly with a collaborator, even though it was published in his Miscellany in 1851. The style isn’t his, the vocabulary isn’t his while in my reading I had the feeling that the book was written by a woman. The detailing just seemed feminine. I think it probable that Reynolds was following in the footsteps of his model Alexander Dumas. Dumas collaborated with Auguste Maquet and others although the books were always issued as Dumas alone.

Perhaps in this case, Peterson called the Necromancer, the Mysteries of the Court of Henry VIII, Reynolds roughed out the story while employing someone else to do the actual writing. At any rate, I do not believe he was the writer or perhaps the sole writer.

Needless to say, Reynolds received no economic benefit because the US did not honor English copyright laws. Nor could Reynolds do anything about the counterfeits written under his name.

So, then, the question is from whence came the final two series and at what date were they written? And perhaps, why? Certainly they were commissioned. Having never read them I am unqualified to speculate but, perhaps, someone might know and be willing to share their knowledge?

Reynolds began the two works in 1844 and so far as we know finished them in 1856. Eighteen fifty-six was three short years before Darwin changed the world by issuing The Origin of Species and making evolution a household word.

By 1856 when the last word of the Mysteries was written Reynolds was already living in the Brave New England whether he knew it or not, and I suspect that he did know. Being wide awake was a new term at the time but I suspect that Reynolds was wide awake. The very face of England was changing as well as tunnels under the Thames. The tunnel probably cost several times what a bridge would have cost and have been more useful.

While writing mysteries of the Court Reynolds turned out twenty other volumes many of great length. Perhaps in the mode of Dumas he was making the maximum use of his time working long and sleeping little. Or, perhaps, as he was accused by Dickens, of employing other writers. Reynolds denies it.

Around him a new crop of novelists were rising, each having become aware of different times and formed by different social conditions. I suspect that although Reynolds remained a best seller throughout the century he became a little old fashioned. Certainly his newspaper kept his name alive and before the public. His politics would always have been ‘avant garde’ although by the turn of the century most of the Chartist demands had been met. The triumph of the Revolution still lay ahead a few years.

Part X  a review of The Necromancer follows.

Reynolds_Miscellany_v1_n1

Pt. II: Time Traveling With R.E. Prindle

G.W.M Reynolds On Vice And Virtue

by

R.E. Prindle

GWMReynolds

This essay will concentrate on the novels, Robert Macaire or, The French Bandit In England, The Mysteries Of London, Faust, and Wagner, The Wehr Wolf. Their respective dates were 1840, 1844-48, 1845-46 and 1846-47. As can be seen the latter two novels are encompassed by the dates of The Mysteries Of London and they must be related to the greater novel- two side excursions, so to speak.

We know that Reynolds went out on his own in a foreign country at the age of sixteen, going immediately to take up residence in France with a fair sized sum of money in his pocket inherited from his father as he hints in his novel Faust; then in 1833 at the age of nineteen he inherited a bit more through his mother. He was a natural scholar so that he studied extensively in many fields including literature and history. For such a young man, twenty-five and twenty-six in 1839-40 he writes with an astonishing, indeed, unbelievable maturity and knowledge both experientially and from study. Apart from being fictionalized his history seems to be accurate.

He is especially interested in vice and virtue in humanity. The configurations of his interest were formed by his reading of the Marquis de Sade; he read and internalized de Sade’s novels Justine, Juliette and Philosophy of the Boudoir. While de Sade, from whom the term Sadism is derived, is probably known by name only to most. I append here a short biography so that the reader knows how I understand him. De Sade was born in 1740 and died in 1814, the year Reynolds was born so we may assume that de Sade was still something of a sensation when Reynolds hit Paris in 1830.

De Sade’s fame as the source of the term Sadism was well earned although somewhat stale in the 21st century as films and novels have far surpassed his exploits. There is no longer anything to astonish in his novels. His problems began when his parents denied him marriage to the woman of his choice thus causing an extreme reaction. His reaction was so extreme and notorious, causing his parents such grief, that they had him imprisoned where he began writing his novels. Released by the French Revolution, which was crazier than himself, he functioned well. Napoleon, not so tolerant, had him committed to the famous insane asylum of Charenton. This aided immeasurably in making him a cult figure which he remains to this day.

He committed his grief to two most read novels, Justine and Juliette. He posited as a universal reality that a life of virtue led to unhappiness, pain and failure as characterized by Justine; and a life of libertinage and self-indulgence characterized by Juliette led to happiness and self-fulfillment.

When Reynolds read de Sade’s novels between 1830 and 1837 isn’t known. My guess is that he read them sooner than later and the antitheses between virtue and vice worked in him as he began writing.

Eugene Sue

Author of Mysteres de Paris and The Wandering Jew

An echo of Justine and Juliette can be found in the Mysteries of London. Reynolds transposes the sexes and has two male brothers Eugene and Richard Markham as protagonists. They are associated with two trees. (The symbolism of the two trees isn’t yet clear to me.) A financial disaster hits the Markham family leaving it and them destitute. Eugene, following the path of Juliette’s example opts for a life of crime to repair his fortunes while Richard decides to pursue virtue. They are to meet by the trees twenty years on to compare results.

This gives Reynolds the means to display his knowledge of vice and virtue. He certainly seems to know the ways of criminality. This investigation is continued in the first two novels written in conjunction with Mysteries titled Faust and Wagner the Wehrwolf. The first of his crime novels was Alfred de Rosann, quite astonishing as a novice novel, I will deal with it later, followed by Grace Darling, the Heroine of the Ferne Islands and the Robert Macaire or the French Bandit In England. After a hiatus of two years from 1842 to 1844 when he wrote nothing Mysteries began.   Faust and Wagner were written in succession.

The third of his crime novels was Robert Macaire or the French Bandit In England.

One imagines that Reynolds first heard of the famous French bandit at the theater either in 1833 or ’35 or perhaps he saw both. Macaire was a famous French highwayman, but as Reynolds has Macaire tell his sidekick Bertrand, times were changing and the place of the highwayman was becoming as obsolete as buggy whips would in the twentieth century. Thus while Macaire was involved in stagecoach situations his milieu was shifting to swindling and financial crimes. The future was clear. Reynolds has his ear to the ground.

Published in 1840 Macaire was his third effort following Pickwick Abroad. By this novel he has pretty well learned his craft although his powers will grow exponentially by Mysteries. Macaire is tightly plotted and well written with every evidence of Reynold’s powerful mind. It shows little evidence of de Sade, clear evidence, even borrowing, from Frederic Soulie. Soulie was a French writer of ghastly crime/horror fiction who was, at least, an early model for Reynolds.

As in Mysteries of the Court of London an inspiring incident carried throughout the story ends it. The novel involves an enmity between the practitioner of virtue, Charles Stanmore, and the follower of vice, Robert Macaire. Close to the plots of de Sade’s Justine and Juliette.

The novel opens with Macaire in France holding up a stage containing Stanmore and killing two people while sadistically tying Stanmore to one of the large wheels. If the horse hadn’t remained still as Stanmore remarks he would surely have been killed by the revolving wheel. A sadistic crime in itself.

Papers taken from Stanmore tell of a banker in England who looks ripe for the plucking so Macaire and Bertrand head for England. It is not clear how these two desperadoes pass themselves off as businessmen, especially the clownish Bertrand but they do and Pocklington, the English businessmen invites them in, indeed, ask them to take up residence while in London. He has a beauteous sixteen year old niece, Maria, who falls head over heels for the forty some year old Macaire. As she is to inherit a large fortune Macaire plays the swain.

It so happens that Stanmore also has his eyes on Maria so he develops an inveterate hatred of his rival not realizing that the French bandit and Macaire are the same. Now, it also happens that Stanmore’s father had disappeared on a journey to Lyons in France where he was to establish a new business five years previously. He had waylaid by Macaire, robbed and murdered in a town thirty some miles from Paris on the way to Lyons as will appear later in the story. Macaire was acting as a member of an organized ring of criminals to which he still belongs being one of the leaders.

After mentioning that Macaire is posing as the financial agent named LeBeau who he learns is now on his way to London the two bandits determine to kill him before he arrives to prevent his ruining their plans. Using old skills they waylay his stage on his way to London, brutally drag him from the stage and stab him to death. These two are thoroughly evil men. This is important because while Reynolds is contrasting virtue and vice, he also holds that virtue and vice are equally mixed in a person so that after a life of vice, Macaire will very improbably turn to a life of virtue. But, Reynolds believes he can and it’s his story.

Stanmore becomes suspicious of Macaire and more especially Bertrand so he returns to France to investigate them. His findings lead him to an inn in the town in which his father was murdered. He is directed to the out of the way inn in which the murder occurred. The innkeeper intends to kill Stanmore for his money, but the latter overhears the plot being discussed and in the ensuing struggle kills the innkeeper. Questioning the innkeeper’s wife about his father she points out the place in the inn where Stanhope’s father’s body was immured. Concentrating on opening the wall Stanhope fails to notice that the wife has set the building on fire and fled.

The wife runs for some woods where Stanmore overtakes her. Then borrowing an incident from Frederic Soulie (pronounced Souliay) he ties the woman to a tree while he goes back to main road and inn and forgets her in the rush of events. By the time he gets back to her she is dead, half eaten by varmints.

Macaire has to return to France to account for Lebeau’s absence. Macaire gets into financial schemes and is recognized by the police and arrested. He would have been a goner except for his criminal network. Having pulled off a couple successful escapades Macaire does the necessary repairing to the gang’s den to distribute their share of the booty. This gets an immediate reward when his confederates help him escape from two different prisons.

This brings up the question of Reynolds’ own relationship to the law. Reynolds provides such exact descriptions of various prisons, police quarters, court affairs and prison customs that one wonders how he obtained his knowledge and familiarity. As a newspaperman he would have perhaps entered the various criminal retreats but that doesn’t seem a satisfactory explanation. Dick Collins, an eminent researcher of Reynolds and the period of Penny Dreadfuls gives Reynolds a questionable character.

Collins seems to have ransacked official sources for his information but fails to reference them. In addition to cheating at dice, that rather indicates that Reynolds was one of the shifty hangers on in Paris that he mentions in Pickwick Abroad.

Collins says: Quote: It is alleged- on poor evidence- that Reynolds stayed at the expensive Long’s Hotel in Bond Street and was arrested for trying to steal jewelry to pay the bill.

Unquote.

And there were a series of bankruptcies. One in France in which he was arrested in Calais trying to flee. Then in England in 1939 he spent six months in the Queens Bench Prison for unpaid debt. After becoming a leader in the Chartist movement he displeased the leadership because of unnamed financial schemes. So, let us say that Reynolds was probably flexible in his attitude toward strict probity. One does get that feeling.

One wonders then, was Reynolds personally aware of these criminal hangouts; did he actually mingle with them? His knowledge seems too precise for sheer invention. Also he seems too complimentary of the gendarmes who he says have absolute integrity and are the only upright characters in his novels. Was he trying to stay on their good side just in case?

In any event his descriptions of the prisons from which Macaire escapes are described in minute detail. Having once been caught in the meshes of the French police Macaire seems doomed to remain there as the police are hot on his trail after his last escape.

Now, at the inn at which Macaire had murdered his father, a beautiful young orphan girl, Blanche de Longville, had been placed there by Macaire who for some reason had been made her guardian. She had captured Stanmore’s heart, making him forget Maria, and resulting in a marriage. They were living in a posh area in Paris.

Macaire, quite desperate to escape finds his way to Stanmore and Blache’s mansion to throw himself on her mercy after maltreating through her teen years, expecting what that mercy might be wasn’t clear. Stanmore returns home to find police combing the area and Macaire, his arch enemy, in his wife’s boudoir. However Blanche manages to placate him explaining that if Macaire escapes the police and finds his way to Switzerland he is going to change his ways and end his days as the archetypal French bandit.

So, this Macaire, who had robbed him, possibly condemned him to death by tying him to the carriage wheel, actually murdered and robbed his father, beat him out for the love of the delectable Maria and other crimes too numerous to mention as well as heading up organized crime in France, throws himself on the mercy of Stanmore.

Well, love conquers all, doesn’t it? Rather than offend his wife, Blanche, Stanmore forgives all, gives Macaire traveling money, lets him out the back door and directs the police in the opposite direction, and sententiously pats himself on the back for redeeming a hardened criminal. Reynolds has Macaire living out his days living quietly in Switzerland and that redeems his murders and crimes, for you see good and evil are equally mixed in men. No one is totally bad.

His next novel, Master Timothy’s Bookcase concluded his first period and after a two year hiatus when, one presumes, Reynolds was recharging his batteries, perhaps searching for a more successful approach, organizing himself for the grand charge he began his magnum opus The Mysteries of London, that was a great compendium of crime. He was in fact inspired by Eugene Sue’s Mysteres de Paris but Mysteries of London doesn’t reflect much derivation from that work, however, this was apparently because he couldn’t fit much of it into his story.

Wonderful details preyed on his imagination so that at the same time he was writing Mysteries he also wrote two longish novels, Faust in 1845-46 and Wagner the Wehr Wolf in 1846-48.

Faust is rather an extraordinary novel. Here his inspiration was derived from the European myth of the man who sold his soul to Satan. He combines this story with the story of the German criminal organization called the Holy Vehm. As an adjunct to all he gives an exciting account of the Borgias, Pope Alexander VI, Caesar and Lucretia, or Lucreza as he spells it, Borgia. An amazing novel.

In this novel Reynolds extends his field from France and England to encompass Central Europe—Germany, Austria, Carniola and Italy. Eventually he will draw a circle from England into the Mediterranean touching the Africa of Homer’s Lotus Eaters, through the Dardanelles to Mingrelia or ancient Colchis where the Golden Fleece was kept through the Crimea thus encircling historic Europe. Interesting conception.

Whether he visited these parts during his period in France isn’t clear and his details are fairly sketchy although fairly sharp for Italy. Carniola is an Alpine province of Austria along with Styria and Corinthia. Reynolds probably chose this province for a couple of reasons, the first because as no one had probably heard of it, it was therefore exotic and secondly because a ferocious sexual pervert who lived there in a castle as recorded by de Sade in his novel Juliette. This guy was so incredible that even de Sade hastened away.

Murder, crime and gore in profusion, Reynolds seems in a frenzy to outdo de Sade, Frederic Soulie and Eugene Sue combined and a fine job he does of it too.

Eugene Sue in his magnificent Wandering Jew, that great Armageddon, as his story unfolds the great march of Cholera out of the East that advances at the rate of thirty miles a day closes in on the Paris of 1830 and its revolution of that year. Sue knew how to erase millions of people at a time. What a story, and it goes on for over a thousand pages. Now, if Reynolds did reach Paris in 1830 he must have witnessed the devastation caused by the Cholera epidemic or, at the very least, its aftermath which would have been a topic of conversation. If as Collins suspects he arrived in 1833 he still would have heard stories of the great Cholera terror. If the hints in Reynolds novel, Grace Darling, are correct he places the time of that novel in 1833 so he might likely have still been in England at that time. His descriptions of the Revolution of 1830 in Alfred de Rosann are so sketchy that he may not have arrived in France in 1830 on the heels of the action as he claims.

In Faust he replicates the Cholera epidemic of Sue when Faust orders Satan to create an immense bubonic plague in Vienna and Europe that like the Cholera epidemic rises in the East and rolls over Europe. Thus the spectre derived from Sue’s Rodin makes its appearance in Reynolds. Further both the Cholera and bubonic plague are accurate history. Reynolds’ Faust takes place from 1480 through the first decade of the sixteenth century. Reynolds is very careful with his dates so that events actually occurred in the years he indicates. The bubonic plague he mentions occurred between 1500 and 1503. Interestingly he doesn’t blame fleas from rats in Genoa but, like the Cholera, has it arrive from the East. Current theories indicate that that may have been the case. The first plague of mid-fourteenth century swept through Europe so quickly that there must have been another source than ship rats. In the first place no crew would have been immune to the flea bites hence the Med would have been filled with ghost ships while the spread would have been slower and the diffusion more easily traced. Reynolds always appears to have read and thought deeply.

Faust is essentially a historical novel so that the eruption of Vesuvius in 1485 is accurate but the accuracy of the description of the actual eruption must be fictional. The eruption was however a major one.

So also Reynolds account of the Borgias is historically accurate allowing for description and motives to be interpretations. The villains of Sue’s Wandering Jew are the religious sect of the Jesuits, Reynolds replaces them with the German organization of the Holy Vehm whose description is accurate given a little novelistic license. What we have here, then, in this story is a magnificent contrast between virtue and vice, good and evil. The contrasts are carried out on many levels. The Vehm operates as a government within the government just as the Jesuits were a church within the church. In this case the Austrian government is upright but the Holy Vehm is not. Faust once he has sold his soul to Satan is the representative of a blend of virtue and vice with vice having the upper hand. Faust as the story develops is guilty through his machinations of the deaths of millions. As the representative of vice Faust’s counterpart is Otto Pianella who represents undivided virtue. Faust’s wife represents virtue, or Justine, while Faust’s mistress, Ida, Otto’s sister, represents Juliette or vice. Of course, she is as nothing compared to the mighty Lucreza Borgia, the scariest woman who ever lived.

Reynolds while considered a feminist is, actually, a realist. In general, he deplores the manner in which women are treated but he isn’t so silly as to believe all women are above reproach, thus one has a variety of female types. Lucreza Borgia in the novel is a willful completely evil woman while Nisida in the next novel, Wagner the Wehr Wolf is a ‘strong’ woman but a blend of good and evil.   Thus, Reynolds avoids the sappy feminist sentiment of the present.

He was perhaps overawed b Lucreza’s ruthless exercising of her will so that there is no good mixed with her evil. Lucreza was not going to go to Switzerland and while away her time after the Borgias’ power was destroyed.

Mortally offended by de Sade’s dictum that vile living always succeeds on this Earth while virtue always leads to unhappiness, in this novel practicing virtue succeeds while vice fails. Perhaps in Sue’s breathtaking Armageddon in which all the characters but one are immolated, Reynolds changes the end so that each virtuous character lives happily in the end while all the vicious characters die or end unhappily.

The Holy Vehm is destroyed, Ida checks out early, the Borgias seemingly on the way to success are thwarted, first their power is broken, then as fugitives Caesar Borgia after a number of failures is killed in an ignominious battle in Spain while Lucreza suffers a horrible death at the hands of her husband on the island of Lissa belonging to the Duke of Ferrara near Venice. This is one of the most terrifying depictions in the novel. Disregarding Lucreza’s terrible reputation the Duke of Ferrara espouses her with the assumption that she will reform her wicked ways, that is, give up vice.

Apparently, she has until Otto Pianella and his family are marooned on the way back to Vienna by snowstorms in the Julian Alps of Carniola. They put up on Lissa which comes to Lucreza’s attention. She arrests Otto and places him in the Iron Coffin. I won’t replicate the entire story that Reynolds makes as suspenseful as possible, but the Iron Coffin is a large room made of iron shaped like a giant coffin. The walls are moveable and gradually compress down to the size of an actual coffin in which the victim is entombed, where he gradually dies of starvation and dehydration.

As Otto’s situation grows dire Satan appears offering him the Faustian deal. No, no, says Otto, never, never, I put my faith in a higher power. So, in a choice between vice or virtue Otto remains true to God, or virtue. Well, one of Lucreza’s retinue finks to the Duke who is outraged that Lucreza has violated her oath so, at the last moment he releases Otto, justifying Otto’s trust in God, while condemning Lucreza to what would have been Otto’s fate. Thus, the terrible end of the truly vicious Lucreza Borgia.

Now, we are down to Faust himself. Faust had driven a lousy bargain with Satan receiving only twenty-six years of seeming prosperity and unlimited power. Now both hands of the clock, or clysidra, clocks hadn’t been invented yet, are pointing straight up. Remembering Reynolds’ description of the 1485 eruption of Vesuvius Satan takes Faust to the edge of the boiling caldera and after a lengthy triumph and lecture Satan pushes Faust in.

De Sade is repudiated, the results of Justine’s and Juliette’s lives are reversed and Reynolds triumphs over the Marquis de Sade.

While the main novel, The Mysteries Of London, raged on in its contests of virtue and vice, Reynolds began another rather lengthy novel he titled Wagner the Wehr Wolf.

And why not? While good and certainly interesting it doesn’t quite toe the mark made by Faust. Faust was well above the average while Wagner is closer to average but still with all of Reynolds’ inventiveness.

Too few people die and Nisida the villainess is a pale reflection of Lucreza Borgia, but still no slouch as a ‘strong’ woman. Nor is there a Jesuit Order or the Holy Vehm, just a highly organized criminal gang that is terrorizing Florence Italy. Reynolds may have lifted that idea from Dumas’ Count of Monte Christo and the gang in the Italian catacombs. The main story takes place in Florence but changes location to more exotic places including Constatinople, name not yet changed to Istanbul, and Sicily.

Reynolds’ geography embraces a rather large area from England, France, Central Europe, the Balkans, Italy to just off the coast of Africa to include the Greek Islands, Western Anatolia and Mingrelia on the East Coast of the Black Sea, formerly the Colchis of the Argonauts then turning west to the Crimea following in the tracks of the Argonauts and that pretty well encompasses the parameters of historical Europe. One wonders how Reynolds is writing all these novels, maintaining a growing family, keeping up on his reading and accumulating fairly detailed historical studies and he wrote several historical novels, Faust being one.

The adoption of a fantastic Werewolf story seems strange, but then, James Malcolm Rymer, his contemporary Penny Dreadful author was scoring big with his novel Varney The Vampire and would soon after write the classic story of Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street. Sweeney Todd, a hit musical fifty years ago was the barber who turned his customers into sausages and sold them to another set of customers. Who would believe cannibalism in nineteenth century England?

Varney the Vampire, an incredibly long novel must have nudged Reynolds’ interest in that supernatural direction so he chose to explore another of the great medieval myths or legends of Medieval Europe, that of the Wehr Wolf. So, really, this era produced the subject matter for the next hundred and fifty years or so, Frankenstein, Faust, Varney the Vampire, Sweeney Todd and Werewolves and organized crime. The Curse of the Mummy would come later.

Wagner has a highly organized criminal gang that is central to the story maintaining its connection to the main frame of Mysteries of London. It is a true underworld inhabiting caverns deep into the earth. Whether meant intentionally or not by Reynolds its lower levels rest next to the lower levels of the Catholic nunnery that has an extensive underground. The doings in the nunnery in its underworld are as criminal as those of the criminals only a few feet awaythrough the rock. The two worlds are blended when the crime world is attacked, and the walls accidentally broken through and down. Thus, both the criminal underworld and the equally criminal nunnery were destroyed.

Reynold’s religious interests are intriguing. At this time in his life Reynolds was thirty-two. The Mysteries had solved his financial problems to this moment so his mental comfort zone was probably elevated. He had every reason to believe he could continue his success although the success of his future blockbuster, Mysteries of the Court of London might have astonished even him. At any rate he was relieved of youthful anxieties; he was successfully launched.

How he developed, or found time to develop his religious ideas isn’t obvious to me. Collins alleges that he did write a book of biblical criticism in 1833 when he was only 19 years old and would have had to have been in London at that time. At this point he has the North European abhorrence of the Catholic Church although an apparent strong belief in the existence of God or a deity, however, that could have been a front so as not to offend the reading public. His attitude toward the Moslem world seems to be a tolerant affection. Wagner makes a visit to then Constantinople, now Istanbul, a mere twenty-five years after the Christian capital fell to the Moslems. He forms connections and in order to free Florence from the dominion of the criminal gang he marches a Moslem army to Florence to do it. I must say I read that episode with a certain amount incredulousness.

One imagines that his fantasy was that he could unite the two worlds. The novel was placed in the years following 1516, a mere twenty-four years after the Moorish expulsion from Spain and the completion of the Reconquista. The Moslem slave raids probably hadn’t begun and from this time to 1830 when the French annexed Algeria and wiped out the Corsairs, the Moslem predations on the Mediterranean coast was constant. Eugene Sue’s The knight of Malta is a good representation of the situation and reads as well as Reynolds.

Sue, as Reynolds, was entranced with Byron’s epic poem The Corsair; the sentiments seem to coincide with their own. Indeed, The Knight of Malta can be read as Byron’s poem in novelized form. The opening lines of Byron establish the mental state:

Quote:

O’er the glad waters of the dark blue sea,

Our thoughts as boundless, and our souls as free,

Far as the breeze can bear, the billows foam,

Survey our empire, and behold our home!

These are our realms, no limits to their sway—

Our flag the scepter all who meet obey.

Ours the wild life in tumult still to range

From toil to rest, and joy in every change.

Unquote.

To a large extent The Corsair forms a part of the mental equipment of all these early Victorian authors.

In addition to Christian and Moslem concerns one considers his evaluation of the Jews as an independent nation living in and on its host; this is difficult because Westerners have been indoctrinated and conditioned to believe that Jews are innocent victims. They are not, not in Hellenic times, not in Roman times and not in Medieval times and certainly not now. During early Christian times they were given the greatest boon that could be imagined: the monopoly of loaning money at interest. Christians, the Catholic Church, laid its congregation at the feet of the Jews to be exploited.

Do not believe that the Jews became money lenders because they were forced to. They have always been money changers. They did so on the porches of the temple where Jesus overturned their tables as sacrilegious. As usurers, even the simplest mind could easily figure out that the entire money supply must inevitably be in their hands. Nor did they loan on reasonable terms but at expropriatory rates of forty or fifty percent for a single day. The West was impoverished so that in Florence first, a State pawn shop was instituted to save both the State and its people financial grief. Other cities followed Florence’s example.

Thus Reynolds introduces us to the Jewish money lender, Issachar. Now, both Reynolds and Dickens had had their run in with Jewish damage controlmen. Dickens was disciplined over his Jewish character in Oliver Twist, Fagin. Reynolds had been dressed down for some remarks in Grace Darling.

Jewish emancipation from the rule of the Catholic Church had begun in France by Napoleon after 1800, by 1840 it was working its way through Central Europe. The Jews qua Jews didn’t become powerful until after Napoleon’s defeat and Nathan Rothchild’s capture of the English currency in 1815. As a result of England’s victory the Rothschilds were in the early stages of consolidating their power. Naturally one of the first steps was controlling the press and publishing, at that time the only effective means of disseminating information. By the time of Wagner Disraeli had published most of his novels and was becoming a power in the State. Both Dickens and Reynolds had heeded their chastening, Dickens submissively and Reynolds with his usual cheek.

Issachar is portrayed as the archetypal Yiddish money changer living in dirty squalid quarters but above the physical portrayal of the usual Jewish caricature he is lauded as the long suffering noble victim, a man of virtue unfairly maligned and Jews so for millennia. Thus Reynolds has fulfilled his obligation to laud the Jews. He describes Issachar as a man of integrity however Issachar is the biggest cheat and crook alive. Nisida’s mother had pawned the family diamonds with Issachar, however, Issachar without hesitation steals the diamonds replacing them with paste. The father being something of an expert immediately discovers the imposture. Issachar justifies himself in some unsatisfactory way and Reynolds blithely goes on about the long suffering Jews.

It is generally thought therefore that Reynolds was genuinely sympathetic to the Jews. I’m not sure that’s true. I think he was just doing to wise thing so he could go on publishing.

For story continuation, we have Wagner, a ninety year old man, living deep in the Black Forest of Germany with his beauteous grand-daughter. Reynolds is very keen on sixteen year old beauties. They abound in his stories. According to Dick Collins Reynolds married his wife Susannah when she was seventeen. Collins says Reynolds may have been her second husband, she having already been taken to wife at 14.

Clara, Wagner’s granddaughter and main support, disappeared one day no one knew where. Wagner is unable to support himself and about to expire when a demon appears offering to restore him to youth. This a much better deal than Satan offered Faust in the previous novel. All Wagner has to do is spend one day a month as a wolf. He knows the day because his fate is based on the lunar calendar. The contract ends when Wagner fails to honor it. As can easily be seen this, on the face of it is good deal, what makes it a great deal is Wagner also gets a substantial guaranteed annual income. Wagner may be old but he is no fool; he signs the deal.

Now a sprout of forty with cash in hand Wagner need no longer skulk about the woods of the Black Forest where all things strange happen. Anyone who is up with German stories of this period knows there are so many desperadoes haunting these woods that they are no place for a fun loving young Wehr Wolf. Wagner hies himself to Florence, Italy where the climate agrees with his clothes.

There he runs into his granddaughter Clara. It wasn’t easy to pass himself off to her as his grandfather but like any young guy of independent means Wagner is a smooth talker.

He then finds some digs and runs into Nisida, the daughter of a Lord who, in fact, turns out to be the reason that Clara disappeared from the Black Forest. He has persuaded the virtuous and beautiful Clara to abandon her virtue and become his secluded mistress. Daughter Nisida learns this determining to kill Clara and therein hangs the tale.

Reynolds throws in the description of some of Wagners transformations which are exciting and well done. On his monthly rampage Wagner merely tears through the countryside like a tornado.

The other part of interest is at the end when Wagner establishes contact with the Rosicrucian Order in Sicily. This perhaps establishes Reynolds’ own religious position. He is a Rosicrucian. He is said to have been a Deist so that fits. I rather accept that Rosicrucianism was his faith. Having studied the religion somewhat I consider myself a Rosicrucian also if one needs a label. And we all do.

Between 1844-48 then Reynolds has launched his career successfully with his Mysteries of London, worked through his French period and examined a major legend of Germany and Central Europe.

In Part III I will deal with Dickens early output in relation to Reynolds.

G.W.M. Reynolds

A Mind Of Vast Proportions

by

R.E. Prindle

 

G.W.M. Reynolds had a remarkable career. I don’t know how many people have ever read his entire oeuvre, I certainly am not yet close, not even close enough to say closing. Still, I have read a few million words.

His work can be divided into two groupings. The first group is a preliminary to the outstanding second group. It seems almost unbelievable that a human mind could encompass the second group.

Reynolds was only 21 when he wrote his first novel in 1835. That book was titled The Youthful Imposter. This was the first in the group that may be called the French novels.

After a hiatus of three years this was followed by Alfred De Rosann and then his appropriation of Dickens’ Pickwick Papers, Pickwick Abroad, or The Tour of France in 1839, followed by Grace Darling also in 1939 and then in quick succession in 1840, Robert Macaire, The French Bandit In England, The Drunkard and The Steam Packet.

Then came the termination of the French period, Master Timothy’s Bookcase which took place in both France and England as Reynolds had returned to England in 1837. Both Pickwick Abroad and Master Timothy’s Bookcase were based on Dickens stories. Having no further source of inspiration Reynolds went dry for two years.

One imagines he put the two years to good use reading and thinking. Gathering his ideas together without format within which to place them. The bridge between the French group and the Mysteries series was image of two brothers and the two trees that were mentioned somewhat lovingly in Master Timothy.

Then the inspiration, the format, for his phenomenal period from 1844 to 1856 came from France in the fantastic novel of Eugene Sue: The Mysteries Of Paris. In his earlier period Reynolds explained quite clearly that his interest was in solving the mysteries of life. The two brothers and the two trees took immediate form in his mind and he rolled out the story that would consume 2500 pages or so working on many mysteries in the series called Mysteries of London. There was also a Mysteres de Londres published by Paul Feval in France beginning in 1843.

Now, the first premise of Master Timothy’s Bookcase was then of the mysteries or back stories that explained the true stories of certain events so there was a smooth continuation to his Mysteries of London. Once again Dickens was an influence as by 1844 several of his works had been published that dealt with the London sociology and its ‘mysteries.’

The Mysteries of London, a massive novel of 2500 pages in the two large volumes of today published by the Valancourt Press, was serialized over four years from 1844-48 while Reynolds’s supreme Masterpiece The Mysteries of the Court of London was as long running in weekly parts as today’s television series and as popular as Game of Thrones or Downton Abbey, from 1848 to 1856. The two works combined ran for a total of twelve years; a whole generation, almost, was brought up on these bestselling books.

One should also note that as there were no movies or TV at the time and most of the population was illiterate, well paying jobs, on a modest scale, were created as reading groups in which a reader read to a gathered audience. Thus, whether they charged a farthing, a half-penny or a penny, I know not, and perhaps had two or three reading groups, the reader probably lived well, well above their listeners that is.

More phenomenally the beginning and ending of Court of London bracketed eighteen other novels being composed during the same period. Nor were these minor works. Mary Price, for instance, ran close to a million words. Ellen Percy was equally long as was Joseph Wilmot. Court of London was itself five million words. I mean, these are staggering numbers. The Necromancer in the Valancourt edition runs to 600 pages of small print.

When I say bracketed, I mean that the inclusive novels must have involved problems that Reynolds was working out concurrently with the main frame Court of London. In my studies of Edgar Rice Burroughs, that author did the same thing. In his case he was unable to finish the novel that began the series as he solved his mental issues and when they were solved, he was able to finish his book.

While writing these eighteen novels while turning in weekly installments of the Mysteries of the Court of London Reynolds had to be working up two or three other novels at the same time and submitting weekly installments of those. This is a staggering work load. If it weren’t a fact, I would say it was impossible.

One can only marvel at such a capacious mind that had to be cogitating completely different stories and compartmentalizing his mind to keep them separate and coherent. Try that as a mental exercise. Absolutely impossible. The mere speed of writing to accomplish that must have been 60, 70 or even a hundred pages a day, one is stupefied. Reynolds had no problems with carpal tunnel either.

At the same time Reynolds was editing magazines and engaging in radical politics while he and his wife were raising eventually nine children. Reynolds was a superman guided by divine hands. At the same time he was keeping up on his reading and one can find traces of inspiration from that reading all through his works.

Of course, such intense mental activity took its toll on his brain. My reading is that his mind broke, or became worn out, while composing the conclusion of Court of London. Reynolds had kept this story going for eight years meaning that he to keep all the details in mind while writing more than a dozen other novels. Now this additional writing didn’t break his concentration on Court of London and that is phenomenal. The series is divided in two parts, or possible two related novels of five volumes each. The second part can be considered a sequel to the first. As the story draws to a close in his mind he has to bring several different strands including ones from eight years back, but interlocked, to a conclusion. This calls for all his ingenuity and super human concentration. As I read, I reared back in my chair exclaiming: Let’s see him pull this one off.

He announces in the text that he is going to have to concentrate intensively to do that. The astute reader can feel the effort, and he is straining, it’s almost like a runaway train careening down a mountain grade with the engineer struggling for control but then bringing the train safely into the station. I found it breathtaking but I also divined what the effort had taken out of him.

And in reading the chronological list of novels in Stephen Knight’s G.W.M. Reynolds And His Fiction I found my understanding confirmed. Consider that the great Alexandre Dumas pere, had also expended his mental energies and at roughly the same time. He too was exhausted by 60. Eugene Sue completed his last novel and died. All three men expended prodigious mental energies during their prolific careers. Walter Scott also blew his brain out by excessive mental activity.

Reynolds himself would die comparatively young of a broken head, strokes and brain hemorrhage. One can only thank him for his titanic energy during the 1840 and 50s. As a slow writer myself I hold G.W.M. Reynolds in reverence.

Slavery In America

February 26, 2019

Slavery In America

by

R.E. Prindle

 

Let’s get something straight about the different forms of slavery that have existed in the United States. In the first place no one has clean hands, just as in Africa, even Negroes had slaves in the US and elsewhere in the New World, even in Haiti. Whites owned chattels in the South, Northern Whites mined Europe to work in their factories as wage slaves to keep labor costs minimal.

Slavery in the US, other than sex slavery that is still tolerated today, had three forms: chattel slavery, indentured slavery and wage slavery.

Indentured slavery was part and parcel of US history from its very beginning. Indentured slavery was White men ‘owning’ White people according to contract. A person for whatever reason indentured himself for a period of years after which he was supposed to be freed. There were many ways for his master to increase the period. During the period of his indenture he was another man’s slave. At the same time adults and children were shanghaied from the streets of London and England for sale in the colonies.

These Whites usually described as indentured ‘servants’ were slaves in fact.   Many, many indentured ‘servants’ worked cheek by jowl with the Negro chattel slaves in the fields. In that manner White women bore many Negro children thus diluting the African blood.

Chattel slavery of Negroes was legal in every English colony, there were no exceptions. In certain States such as Massachusetts and Connecticut chattel slavery was not commercially viable and it fell into disuse. After 1812 Chattel slavery was discontinued at varying times by the various States.  Chattel slavery existed in Northern States nearly to the beginning of the Civil War. Nor did the Emancipation Proclamation pertain to any chattel slaves in slave holding States that were not in rebellion. Thus, only Negro slaves in the deep South were affected by Emancipation.

Now, just as chattel slavery was not viable in States like Massachusetts and Connecticut it did not suit the manufacturing economy of the North otherwise chattel slavery would have existed North of the Mason-Dixon line.

The basis of slavery was providing the producers with labor. Slavery was a labor problem. In the agricultural South, especially in the cotton belt, slavery was the best labor mode possible because the laborers were tied to the land and couldn’t migrate.

Providing for the slaves was the Producers responsibility, hence food, clothing and shelter was provided as a cost of doing business. There were no Negro chattel slaves that went hungry. Conditions might vary but the slaves had to be cared for. If you read in the Negro slave narratives, available on the Internet, you will be amazed at what you find.

One ex-slave didn’t regret slavery that much because he said the you never went hungry in those days. If wanted food you culled a hog from herd, killed it, roasted it and ate it. Whether that was universal or not the chattel slaves did not go hungry or unclothed.

In the North where producers wanted labor at the lowest possible cost they had to resort to wage slavery. The industrialists worked their wage slavery. The industrialists worked their wage slave harder than any chattel slave. The wage slaves worked in horrible conditions for twelve hour a day seven day a week for a pittance. The wage slavers provided nothing but that pittance. Where possible they resorted to using children, young children, and women and paid them even less than a pittance.

The wage slaves then were on their own lookout for food, clothing and shelter. All those indefensible shanty towns. In all cases they were less well off than the Agricultural slaves. The Negroes definitely had it better.

While the chattel slaves were required by law to a certain level of benevolence, the wage slave had no protections whatever. If in desperation they resisted exploitation by trying to organize they were shot down dead. They were blacklisted and were unemployable. Hence a reason for armies of hoboes roaming the land.

The ‘Saints’ from New England, the Holy Abolitionists whose sea captains bought in Africa and sold in the New World, that is North and South America and the Caribbean were also those who sought cheap White labor from European countries. The principle was to have as many different nationalities and languages as possible in order to make it difficult to combine for better wages and working conditions. Slavery was slavery and conditions were harsher for wage slaves than for chattel slaves.

Thus Negroes have no more to complain about than Whites. Slavery was part of the woof and warp of the fabric of American society.

Lincoln freed certain of the slaves in 1860 and then came Henry Ford to ameliorate the conditions of the wage slaves. Lincoln was murdered for his role in ending chattel slavery and Henry Ford has been a victim of horrible character assassination for his role in ameliorating wage slavery. Most likely the reason that good men are hard to find.

Immigration, Al Smith, And The 1928 Election

by

R.E. Prindle

 

People don’t seem to realize that time and changes pass quickly. What was applicable yesterday will not apply to today or tomorrow. Nothing changes society more rapidly than immigration. While attention is applied to race and religion it might better be applied to manners and mores. Whether you think immigration is good or bad immigration changes reality very quickly while all one’s reactions are predicated on a vanished state of affairs.

The cultural changes, that is manners and mores had been occurring at a rapid rate during the nineteenth century and early twentieth century driven by immigration. By 1921 and 1924 unlimited indiscriminate immigration had been limited to more or less controllable numbers. Nevertheless the damage had been done. While the attempt was made to limit the most different mores and manners by favoring Northern European immigrants it was too late. The two chief groups of immigrants, the Irish and the Jews had acculturated enough to challenge the traditional English and Protestant supremacy.

Thus, led by Al Smith, a Catholic Irishman who surrounded himself with Jews the two nationalities were ready to challenge the Anglo-Protestant majority. Note that the Jews are considered a distinct nationality with their own manners and mores acting in their own interests. He, Al, or they chose the inappropriate moment to challenge the Anglo-Protestant majority as the country was in a period of roaring prosperity, had two presidents, Harding and Coolidge and were to be followed by Herbert Hoover who in the circumstances there was no chance of defeating. And so it was that Herbert Hoover became the last ‘American’ president. Hoover was followed by Roosevelt to whom the Jews transferred their alliance while the Irish were forgotten. Thus the Liberal and Jewish combination have written all histories and distorted the old American contribution to founding the US.

Now, in the 1928 election the Jewish-Irish faction could not accept their loss on any other grounds than the bigotry of Anglo-American voters. In fact, Al Smith was merely a New York City machine politician who, used to campaigning in New York chose as his theme song ‘The Streets of New York’ and spoke with a heavy New York City accent. His manners and mores were those of his home town. To the rest of the country those manners and mores were humorous.

The New York accent alone would have made him unpalatable to the rest of Americans who thought that NYC had an economic stranglehold on America. And then the to thrust The Streets of New York into their faces was sheer folly.

Being Catholic, of course, didn’t help Al with the Protestants but it surely was a charm for the Catholics who were the largest religious denomination in America. But there appears to have been no block voting along religious lines. The Economy ruled.

Whether Al’s Irish background swung the electorate against him is open to conjecture but I would put more weight behind that than the religion. At that point, 1928, there was still a strong antipathy between the Anglos and the Irish. Even in 1956 in my home town the antipathy was noticeable. Apart from Jack Kennedy’s being a Democrat and offensive because of his father’s criminal background his Catholicism and nationality was a factor in my voting against him in 1960. The Irish came over to what they call the New Island in large numbers during the potato famine in Ireland in the eighteen forties and beyond. There was immediately a huge conflict between them and the Anglos in which bloody battles were fought largely aggravated by the Irish. Thus the Irish-English conflict was carried to American shores.

With the Irish came the notion that immigrants rights were superior to nativist rights. Hence the political organization known as the Know Nothing Party that arose to oppose Irish violence was demonized out of existence for its efforts to protect American manners and mores and some kind of control of their destiny. They lost that control as the Irish formed a sort of competing government called Tammany that seized control of NYC and retained it until Jimmy Walker the last Tammany mayor was booted out of the country in the early thirties. It was as though the Irish had control of London.

The Irish were then replaced by the Jews who seized both NYC and New York State. As an immigrant group, the Jews, although the smallest national supplier of immigrants also came as the highest percentage of their nation and thus had equality of numbers with the other national immigrants. There were more Jews in NYC than in any other city of the world. The only place with a higher number was the Russian Pale of the Settlement that covered millions of square acres.

The vast majority of Jews arrived from 1890 to 1914. Like the Irish the Jews created a national enclave, or colony, in NYC. By 1913 they were able to effect a socialist revolution by electing Woodrow Wilson as presidient. This revolution, for such it was, has been unrecognized by Jewish and Liberal historians but the Wilson Administration, turned out in 1920, after a hiatus of the twelve years of the Republican Interregnum would morph into the fully fledged socialist presidency of Franklin Roosevelt beginning in 1932 and ending only with his death in 1945. Thus Roosevelt was the undeclared president for life.

So, Al Smith represented the end of Irish dominance in the affairs of NY and the hope of national dominance in a Jewish-Irish coalition. If that attempt had succeeded immigrants would have seized control of the United States of America. An entire new set of manners and mores would have replaced those of the original settlers. Immigration has adverse consequences like it or not.

While there was a conflict then between the Catholic and Protestant religions and between the English and Irish and Jewish nationalities the election itself was determined on the basis of extreme economic prosperity that Republicans could claim as their own and, indeed, it was called the Coolidge Prosperity after the middle Republican president of the Interregnum- Harding, Coolidge, Hoover.

Then came the deluge. Collectivism replaced Individualism and Socialism replaced Laissez-faire, which had been the system of the nineteenth century Gilded Age. A new set of manners and mores appeared based on an immigrant ideal with its symbol of Ellis Island.

A similar transition is occurring today.

Eugenics and Dysgenics Part 2b-10

The Mysteries Of The Second Thirty Years War

by

R.E. Prindle

Continued from Part 2b-9

Gustavus Myers was an insignificant gadfly although a figure in Jewish circles. He had first come to notice after the turn of he century when he published his book The History Of The Great American Fortunes. Fortunes, that is great big piles of money, the kind Walt Disney’s character Scrooge McDuck used to roll around in. And American which is to say not Jewish. No Jewish fortunes are considered by Myers with the possible exception of Jay Gould.

The book which was a defamatory work against the great swashbucklers of the Gilded Age met with some success but it was a nasty work that raised more ire than praise.

Since that first book, which was at least interesting, he had turned out a succession of flops that mocked, debunked, defamed and ridiculed everything American, that is not Jewish, from the Supreme Court on down. The books really have no claim to be histories and are unreadable even to scholars, but in my case duty is duty and I have read them. Myers’ fame was more apparent in Jewish circles than American ones.

And now his fellow Jews needed his services for a specific purpose. Daniel Guggenheim of the Guggenheim Foundation sought him out. He commissioned Myers to write a volume defaming Nativist Americans as objects of hatred. The result, published in 1943, would be The History of Bigotry In The United States. A rather singular one-sided study. Sordid but effectual. I first heard of the book from a sixth grade teacher (1949-50) who thought it was a wonderful book.

The book is in two parts, a description of old organizations like the Know Nothings and the APA until it finally gets to its immediate object, the defamation of the Nativists indicted for treason and who were just about to be tried. The book was too little too late as the intended victims escaped not only without a conviction but a trial. Their careers were ruined of course and their futures disappeared. The important thing to remember is that the book was commissioned by the Jewish establishment.

-VIII-

We now come to the end of this essay, the death of FDR and the disposition of Germany.

One views the power of the US and the Soviet Union over Germany in its defeat with horror. Both the US and the Soviet Union were under Jewish influence, so the Jews have to accept responsibility for the actions of both their surrogates. The deep hatred of the Jews for Germany has nothing to do with the so-called holocaust. Their hatred began much earlier. Of course, Luther was adamantly opposed to Jewry in the sixteenth century. Any such opposition is portrayed by the Jews as unreasoning bigotry. However, the Jewish nation, even though Stateless, had its own objectives that required submission by the Other. There has always been a conflict for supremacy. The modern form of the conflict between Jews and Germans, as two distinct nationalities, did not start with Hitler but can be traced back to a man called the Jud Suss, Joseph Oppenheimer, who flourished in the 1730s and 40s organizing the modern Jewish approach to the conflict with the Germans in Wurttemberg and Frankfort on the Main.

His importance to the struggle can be easily seen in his prominent revival in Weimar and Nazi Germany. I have given a more detailed account in my essay Jud Suss. http://reuprindle.blogspot.com/2016/11/a-review-lion-feuchtwanger-jud-suss.html

During the Great War a Jewish writer by the name of Lion Feuchtwanger wrote a play titled the Jud Suss that was ignored at the time. But then in 1926 he published the propaganda novel Jud Suss that sold very well both in Germany and abroad. That meant that translations into other languages, most notably English had to be prepared in advance hoping for the success of the novel. Published in Weimar Germany the novel was turned into a movie filmed in England and released under the title Jud Suss in England and Power in the US in 1934 after the advent of the Nazis. Thus the film was a direct challenge to Germany. To have been released in 1934 the film had to be conceived in 1933 as Hitler took over the government of Germany. There are no coincidences here. These events were all planned.

Thus, the film seems to have been a direct challenge to Germany as to who would rule, Jews or Germans. The insult was deeply felt by Germans, so much so that in the midst of WWII Joseph Goebbels, the German propaganda minister commissioned a German version of Jud Suss telling the story from the German side.

As I have pointed out, Theodore Kaufman published his book Germany Must Die in 1940 when only the Jews were involved in the new war while at that time the US was overwhelmingly unconcerned with involving the US. The question of exterminating the Germans must have evolved in Jewish minds much earlier than 1940. Kaufman’s book was merely an open suggestion or perhaps a hint of what was in store for the Germans when the US would be drawn into the war.

Of course, the Jews were already leading FDR into actual hostilities at sea when he ordered US warships to sink German submarines. Roosevelt said the US border was the Rhine River and the Rhine was deep within German borders. Is it any wonder that Hitler called Roosevelt a warmonger?

FDR’s Secretary of the Treasury with the exception of his first year in office was the militant Jew Henry Morgenthau Jr. Interestingly Morgenthau said that he really didn’t want the job but that he was on duty. That means he was posted to the Treasury by others, that is the Jewish shadow government. That also means that Roosevelt was following orders and indeed FDR seriously considered the extermination of the Germans. The callous disregard of all life by these people, both German, Soviets and US with allies makes your blood run cold. How necessary was it that tens of thousands of US men be destroyed or that American society should be disrupted for essentially Soviet and Jewish purposes?

By 1940 when Roosevelt won his third term violating all US mores, he was already debilitated and unfit for office so if he was already a mere Jewish puppet he became increasingly debilitated and unable to function before his death. Morgenthau, then, progressively usurped presidential powers while expanding the role of the Treasury Department into all areas of government.

Especially as the third term wore on FDR may as well have been comatose. Morgenthau, aided by Harry Dexter White, devised his plan to dismember Germany and exterminate the Germans echoing Theodore Kaufman’s 1940 book. For Americans involved the plan was horrific and breath taking, but so long as Morgenthau was in control of FDR there was little that could be done although the issue was lambasted in journals by various writers.

In 1945 Morgenthau published his book Germany Is Our Problem with a watered down version for public consumption. Had he spoken candidly the American reaction would have thunderous. Thus, Morgenthau set the stage for the extermination of the Germans. FDR, incapable during the last year or so of his presidency, having been elected for his fourth term, was never to enjoy it. Perhaps realizing his coming end, he retreated to the comfort of his women at his spa in Warm Springs. Always hopeful that the waters would cure his crippled legs he may have wished to die beside his only hope. Thus, surrounded by a bevy of women including his ex-mistress and great love, Lucy Mercer, his brain and heart gave out and he mercifully for the US and Germany slipped away.

History records the country’s grief, but it ignores the fact that there was a lot of joy of Mudville when FDR lay down his bat for FDR had struck out.

The incoming president, VP Harry Truman, had been left ignorant of nearly everything that FDR had been doing so his entry into office was nearly a tabula rasa. He was aware of the Morgenthau plan however and the reaction it had caused in Congress. Morgenthau’s days were numbered, and he left the government permanently shortly after Truman took office. That didn’t mean that consequences for the Germans weren’t draconian. Indeed, horrific conditions would exist before any amelioration until 1950 when he US realized it was shooting its feet off.

Looking back nearly a century later when one considers the situation in the light of the cold grey dawn blame for the war is not so easily to be affixed. Germany had attempted a preemptive defensive war because it was most immediately facing the Soviet Communist menace. Stalin was massing Soviet troops at the Polish border in preparation for an invasion of Central Europe. Any Soviet invasion would have been genocidal in nature fully supported by Soviet Jewry. Indeed, when the Soviets invaded Poland shortly after the Germans, masses of significant Poles were murdered along with the entire Polish Army officer corps. They were all dumped in their many thousands into a common grave in Katyn Forest.

If one traces the lead from that example it follows that the same would have happened to the German military, while very likely hundreds of thousands would have been murdered in an orgy of slaughter the Jews would have considered revenge. And that was before the so-called holocaust. Subsequently millions would have been shipped off to the gulags. Hitler was not the demon of the era.

While it isn’t kosher to speak the obvious truth and, perhaps, risky, nevertheless historical integrity requires the historian to write without fear or favor.

There was no real reason for the war to have involved the US, England, France or any of the Western countries. Hitler was willing to take on the savage Soviets alone. Always remember the Soviets had already murdered tens of millions of the Russian people while millions more were held in barbaric concentration camps in the Soviet gulag where they were systematically starved and worked to death. All the West had to do was remain neutral and let the Nazis at it. Common sense required England and France to avoid war at all costs. The manhood of both countries had been bled white in WWI a mere twenty years earlier. They were financially bankrupt. They borrowed billions that they knew they would never repay or even make an attempt to. They exhausted US resources and sacrificed US men for their folly. And then the US had to spend additional billions to put them on their feet after the war. US troops and munitions prevented the Soviets from merely demanding submission that the West would have granted. And today they insult the US president. Then and subsequently the Jews functioned secularly, the supernatural was no longer invoked.

Part 2b-11 follows.

Eugenics and Dysgenics

Part 2b-9

The Mysteries Of The Second Thirty Years War

by

R.E. Prindle

Continued from Part 2b-8

-VII-

The Conquest Of The World/The Concept of Aggressor Nations

 

The histories of the period from 1933-1945 are thoroughly unreliable as recorded by historians, mainly Jewish and/or Leftist writers. A key concept of the period was the Rooseveltian conception of ‘aggressor nations.’ The concept of aggressor nations simply refers to any nations opposing the Leftist agenda. In Roosevelt’s lexicon there were only three aggressor nations, Germany, Italy and Japan. In Hitler’s terms the big war mongers were Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin that he considered aggressors. Hitler feared Communism, the others feared Fascism, and Fascism, after all is merely a variation of Communism. Ideologically there must have been something else going on.

Nowhere are the Jews denominated an aggressor nation while they were the motive force of the Second Thirty Years War. Bernard Baruch a leader of the International Jewish community, and possibly the leader was in collusion with the leading US Jews to direct US policy and lead the country into war against Germany. The attitude of what became the Allies was neither understanding nor kind.

There were calls from all sides to commit genocide on the Germans and this long before the so-called Jewish holocaust. German hatred began when Bismarck united Germany in 1866. Prior to this unification Germany had been a congeries of small principalities of the Holy Roman Empire, often seen as a joke, Ruritanian principalities to laugh at.

After the unification German hatred began in earnest from Russia to England. After the Soviet Revolution Stalin began a campaign to commit genocide of Russia’s German populations. Of a sudden Germany was not only an economic competitor but the master competitor with the West, that is France, England and the US while being the superior of Russia. There is much evidence that WWI was as much about competition with England and France as with other issues.

To attribute the insanity of WWI solely to the Germans was an injustice of criminal proportions. To impose impossible economic burdens on Germany when an armistice, not a victory, was declared was a crime of even greater proportions. Turning the French Senegalese soldiers loose on German women ought to have been punished.

So, in 1933 as Hitler assumed the reins of government, the Jews as an aggressor nation were in control of Russia, would be in control of the US in March after Roosevelt’s inauguration and were active in all countries under the guise of the Third International directed from the Socialist power center of Moscow.

Prior to Hitler’s election, the Jews by their own admission had control of Germany. One may then partially interpret their deep hatred of the man, Hitler. The Jewish attitude to Hitler, and indeed, all Germany was evidenced by the fact that the Jewish spokesman, the US lawyer and AJC executive, Samuel Untermyer, declared war between Germany and the Jews. This would have been a meaningless gesture had not Untermyer believed that Jews were directing Roosevelt and through Roosevelt the full power, such as it was in 1932, of the United States.

Considered objectively, the Jews had been conducting a civil war in Germany from the 1917 Soviet Revolution to 1933 when the Germans under Hitler triumphed. As the leading part of this Communist Party street fighting between the Judeo-Communists had been raging for over a decade. The true nature of the Nazis was their conflict with the Jews and Communists for supremacy. All Western Europe, that is England and France, had to do was step back and let Germans, Soviets and Jews go at it.

As the English and French would not commit to peace with Germany Stalin was able to cleverly clear the way, to force, Gemany to attack France and England to protect his back by signing the German-Russian pact. Remembering WWI Stalin may have thought that the three countries would wear themselves out making them easy pickings for th USSR. The easy conquest of France may have startled Stalin. Even then the German’s could easily have defeated the Soviets except for the interference of the US. What dog did Roosevelt have in the fight? Very tragic.

In the US then, the Jewish war on or takeover of the US was being conducted according to the total war plan of Bernard Baruch’s WIB minus the shooting. The European War was a shooting war but the US war was asymmetrical. The US absorbed in the fantastic notion that immigrants renounced their customs and heritage upon setting foot on the Magic Soil were saps for Jewish machinations.

Every war has to have its evil enemy. In Germany Hitler concentrated on Jews while in the US the Jews found the Fascist or Nazi success in Europe the reason to call all opponents to their plans Fascists, Nazis and un-Americans. The House Un-American Activities Committee was a plan of Jewish congressman Samuel Dickstein to denominate American dissenters as un-American covert Fascists and Nazis and to put them in concentration camps. The result was that the Roosevelt Administration made war on Americans who dissented from his rule. HUAC was created by Roosevelt and Dickstein to specifically attack dissenters while Communists were favored.

Fortunately, Americans in Congress were wary of HUAC and so instead of appointing Dickstein, much to his chagrin, as head of HUAC the task was given to the patriot Martin Dies of Texas over the objections of Roosevelt and the Jews. Dies interpreted his job to mean rooting out both Fascists and Communists who were in fact un-American while the dissidents were not.

A group needs figureheads more real than vague terms like Fascists and Communists, so that hatred was directed at Henry Ford and Charles Lindbergh and the Catholic radio priest, Charles Coughlin. These three men were chosen to be reviled and execrated although they were innocent of any wrong doing whatsoever. There is absolutely no evidence, no reason to think that they betrayed the interests of the US to anyone. Of course, Jewish-Rooseveltian propagandists succeeded in destroying the credibility of all three men.

Since 1933 the Jewish objective had been to get the US to attack Germany. At that time when the Jews controlled the US and USSR while being, at least dominating in France and England the only obstacle to their plans was Germany. Thus, the Jewish-Rooseveltian goal was to draw the US into a war on Germany. The American people, however, recalling WWI unpleasantly had absolutely no desire to engage in any war at all. To consider Germany as a threat to the US was ludicrous. So while Ford, Lindbergh and Coughlin were taking the heat they were in tune with American desires.

The opposition barely restrained Roosevelt whose administration proclaimed that the US’ first line of defense was the Rhine deep within German territory. Well before 1942 US warships were patrolling the Atlantic sinking German submarines, so the declaration of war in December of ’41 merely authorized Roosevelt to throw off the disguise.

Of course, the dissidents would organize as the administration more and more revealed its intent. The dissidents did organize into a group called the America First Committee. They strenuously opposed US involvement in the European War, they were therefore demeaned as Isolationists as though that presumed that everyone else was Internationalists like themselves. Every opposition group requires a good pejorative label. Thus the discussion was narrowed to two viewpoints. The leaders of the AFC would turn out to be Henry Ford and Charles Lindbergh the two great bete noirs of FDR and his Jews.

Charles Coughlin, who was known as the Radio Priest, having a radio audience in the millions, in a country of merely a hundred million gauges his significance. He had no political organization however, indeed neither he nor the AFC made any attempt to organize a political party, hence power, being content to merely making noise.

By a few misjudgments, Coughlin sacrificed his position leaving himself open to attack. His programs had been carried over the CBS radio network owned by the Jew William Paley. Paley censored Coughlin closing the network to him while Jewish appeals to the Pope to silence Coughlin also had effect. By 1940 Coughlin was a nullity.

Ford, but more especially Lindbergh was another story. Lindbergh had become a great hero, idol actually, in 1927 when he became the first person to make a solo flight across the Atlantic- New York City to Paris. He became a Golden Boy. While a hero to millions Lindbergh also became an object of envy to a large number of men. He was deemed Lucky Lindy as though anyone could have duplicated the deed. Perhaps, but it was Lindbergh’s modesty that won the hearts of the world. As is, or was, well known, the Lindbergh’s first baby was kidnapped and perished. The press would not leave Lindbergh alone and so he fled to England for peace and quiet which he found.

As war appeared more likely he was asked by Roosevelt to review German air strength which he did. In the process he became familiar with the actual political situation in Europe. His evaluation was different from Roosevelt’s. While in Germany, the Germans were as taken by him as everyone else. He was given a medal in commemoration of his trans-Atlantic flight.

Back home in the US Lindbergh having considered the European situation first hand, came to the conclusion that the US should not interfere in any war. This sensible understanding was interpreted by Roosevelt, who ardently desired war, ardently he did, and was doing his best to provoke the Germans, as pro-Nazi and openly denounced Lindbergh as an actual Nazi.

This deranged desire for war may have been an indication of his desire to reclaim his manhood from polio. The desire seems to have a compensatory foundation.

This fit in perfectly with Jewish needs for a villain to hang their hatred on. They thus began to defame Lindbergh and provoke him as an actual Nazi agent.   According to their propaganda Lindbergh was going to run for president against Roosevelt, win, and become a Nazi satrap of the USA. This notion was taken seriously, advanced. even though Lindbergh had made no effort to establish a political organization. A propaganda novel was written called Keeper Of The Flame and a movie subsequently made to defame him. Not even content with that, sixty years later the Jewish writer, Philip Roth, wrote a book, The Plot Against America, that repeated the same thesis, defaming Lindbergh’s fading memory.

While the Jews make much about the so-called genocide of themselves it is established that the Jews called for the genocide of the Germans publicly, first in a book supposedly written by some Jew from the colony of Newark by the name of Theodore Kaufman titled Germany Must Die.

It is inconceivable that Kaufman came up with this thesis out of the blue in 1940 or that it was his own idea. His articulation must have come from a decade or even decades long Jewish fantasy. Surely, he was provided notes or perhaps merely handed the manuscript and told to put his name on it. This obscure book from a nonentity in Newark, one is amazed that it found a publisher, did not disappear without a trace as one might have expected. No, it received massive exposure. Time Magazine reviewed it favorably naturally, while many newspapers gave it favorable mention. Even President Roosevelt began to consider the notion.

How did Kaufman propose to exterminate the German people? Why he believed that the people would be disposed of in a generation if the males were all sterilized. Bear in mind the book was published in 1940 and the US didn’t enter the war until the eve of 1942. Quite singular don’t you think? Where would the Jews get the power to sterilize German males? Obviously they would be directing their militarily powerful American subjects.

The NSDAP soon learned about Kaufman’s Germany Must Die and they knew that some doofus in Newark was not acting on his own. To be sure, the threat to commit genocide on them influenced their own notion of the Final Solution. Why was the US involved in this fight?

Nor was Kaufman’s book an isolated incident. Indeed, the Morgenthau Plan was proposed in Morgenthau’s book Germany Is Our Problem, copyright 1945. Who is the ‘our’ referred to in the title, certainly not the US, obviously the Jews. Once again the US was called upon to eliminate the Germans and Germany from the face of the earth. It would be the Americans who did it, not the Jews. In that way the Jews could maintain their innocence.

Henry Morgenthau Jr. was FDR’s Secretary of the Treasury and according to Morgenthau the assistant president. If not earlier, in FDR’s last two terms he was completely in the hands of Jewish handlers if not their surrogate. Indeed, Morgenthau considered himself a co-president with FDR. Bernard Baruch was frequently referred to as an assistant president as well, perhaps mockingly. This was in the critical period of war’s end when Jewish plans were to be put into effect. Morgenthau’s plan called for the elimination of Germany as a country along with its people. Truly, when Hitler said that he knew that if the Germans failed their heads would roll in the sand. And there were twenty millions of Russians starved to death to prove it.

But, to return to Lindbergh and Ford. In a country in which the executive could eliminate people at will there can be no doubt that Ford and Lindbergh would have been disappeared along with the whole of America First. But was that possible? Could that happen here?

A strange thing happened to the Jewish mind that coalesced in 1940. The Jews believed that they were the true Americans; that the beautiful thing called America was their creation, considering Roosevelt as their creature, any who opposed his administration, that is themselves, were actually Fascists and Nazis and no longer true Americans. Ford and Lindbergh were actually Nazis in their minds out to subvert ‘their’ America and turn it into a dependency of Nazi Germany.

In 1940 the Nazi-Soviet pact was still in force yet there was still no outcry against the Communist USSR, the full force of hatred was directed only at Germany. By Germany I do not mean Nazi Germany but Germany and Germans as a whole. Thus they actually urged the genocide of Germans. Even today a great effort is made to convict every German, living or dead, as participating in the so-called genocide of the Jews.

It is a great mistake to not recognize the true nature of WWII, a war that is still raging.

So, just as the Jews would be rounded up in Germany in later years so the Jews wanted US dissidents rounded up and put in concentration camps as early as 1940. While urgent to themselves the notion was incomprehensible country wide. However, after the shooting war began, all of the most prominent dissidents were arrested and indicted on criminal charges. This was too much for many in the government who delayed the trial until 1944 when with victory imminent interest waned and the matter frizzled out.

Still, in 1940 the actual interference of the America First Committee prevented the administration, the Jews and the British from joining together in the war. It is necessary to point out that the vast majority of the country supported he AFC position. The administration still had their ace in the hole, anti-Semitism, if they could get the card played.

Lindbergh helped out on 9/11/41 with a speech in Des Moines Iowa when he said that the only people who desired war were Roosevelt, the Jews and the English. There it was, anti-Semitism, or seemingly so. Lindbergh and the AFC were discredited but that still wasn’t permission to mobilize. That came a couple months later on 12/7/41 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Even then that was no excuse to enter the European war. That happened a few days later when Hitler declared war on the US because of treaty obligations with Japan. Silly, but he did it. That ended US involvement even though Hitler’s declaration was futile. He had no means to attack the US.

Ever since the Balfour Declaration issued unilaterally by Great Britain and binding on no one else, that essentially guaranted Palestine to the Jews, they had seriously been working toward seizing the Arab territory to rename it Israel. The main provocateur was a man called Chaim Weizman. While the pot was stirred up by WWII which everyone knew before a shot was fired that Germany would lose, Weizman unconnected to any government, working strictly as a putative representative of the Jewish nation, unaffiliated, was working behind the scenes to move the political situation toward securing Palestine as the possession of the Jews. He collaborated, that is conspired, with US Jewish agents that included Ben Hecht the playwright and Meyer Lansky of the Jewish Mafia. These men conspired to move armaments to Palestine in violation of US laws. Had Roosevelt lived, the establishment of Israel would have been a given but his successor Harry Truman required some cozening or threats, that is manipulation, so that by 1948 the Jews achieved their goal and Israel was a fact. WWII had been a success. Thus, by using their criminal underground and political above ground agents the Jews acted as a unit world wide.

Back to 1940 and the elimination of the dissidents. As I said, by 1940 he Jews actually considered themselves as the real founding fathers, the real Americans of the US. The dissidents had been successfully portrayed as Fascists if in not outright Nazis and hence un-American; Immigrants had displaced natives in their own homeland and really with their own consent no less than the Jews would oust the Palestinians from their homeland.

The problem was how to dispose of those natives. It was easy enough to get the Roosevelt government to indict them, but it was necessary to get public opinion to condemn them. All enemies must be hated and quite frankly Ford and Lindbergh were still great American heroes but they did run with the so-called Isolationist crowd. Therefore the Nativist or Isolationist crowd had to be slandered as a whole.

The American public had to be persuaded to see the Nativists, today called Conservatives, as the Jews saw them. The Jews were, of course, absolutely convinced of their own virtue so that Nativists were ipso-facto anti-Semites. The idea then was to make it virtuous to hate Nativists. Hatred had to be created and it had to legal.

The Roosevelt administration had begun with a hate campaign against their predecessors, against the Old Guard of the Gilded Age, against Wall Street. A hate campaign against Roosevelt’s opponents, that is Nativists and Isolationists was an easy step. And the man to lead it was available. He was a Jewish writer by the name of Gustavus Myers.

Continued in Part 2b-10

Eugenics and Dysgenics Pt. 2b-8

The Mysteries Of The Second Thirty Years War

by

R.E. Prindle

Continuation of Pt. 2b-7

 

The Jewish war against Germany should not be construed as directed solely at Hitler and the NSDAP; it was a war against the historic people of united Germany and it may be said to have begun when Joseph Oppenheimer, the Jud Suss, attempted the takeover of the Southern German State of Wurttemberg. The complete destruction of Germany and the genocide of the German people was the goal. This would be proven by the Morgenthau Plan for a conquered Germany in 1945.

Bernard Baruch, probably even before the end of WWI, was a proponent of perpetual wartime preparedness, thus advocating a military State like the much despised Prussians. No sooner had Roosevelt been inaugurated (his first inauguration being the last held on March 5th) in March than the NRA was rushed through Congress.

The NRA which was headed by Baruch’s WIB lieutenant and long time business associate Hugh Johnson was merely a replicate of Baruch’s War Industry Board adapted for the non-shooting war against the Depression. In addition under Felix Frankfurter the Jews immediately headed toward agriculture creating the AAA- Agricultural Adjustment Act and putting it firmly under their control. Sapiro triumphed.

The Jews had control of the currency through the Federal Reserve, commerce and industry though he NRA and the food supply through the AAA. Who now needed Sapiro’s co-ops?

Baruch had been preaching preparedness for a new war since the WIB had been disbanded. He had wanted many of the totalitarian aspects of the WIB imposed on the American population fulltime. That is that he wanted them to be the words of the government. This in itself is a replica of theocratic Judaism. It is no wonder then that the NRA ‘mobilized’ the people of the US for their war on the Depression of FDR. The NRA was mobilized for ‘total war.’ The population was not willing to accept such nonsense.

However, the WIB in the Great War touched on all the mores of the US. It called for a selfless, charitable contribution for the welfare of the US, the world and, indeed, civilization; it was ‘the war to end all wars. By full cooperation the citizen was made to feel valuable, performing an important function, confirming his opinion of himself as virtuous.

The difference in 1933 was that the situation was not the same. Virtue was well paying in 1917-18, in 1933 the average man and women could see no benefit in a war on the depression for their individual selves, there were still no jobs, the bills were still unpaid. The sacrifices were sterile. A little over a year later the Supreme Court struck down the NRA as unconstitutional and the socialist tactic had failed. That, however, was not the end of the affair.

FDR was shocked, dismayed, resentful at being thwarted. A few more setbacks and he grumbled at ‘the nine old men’ of the Supreme Court. The reason wasn’t that his plans violated the mores of the citizens of the US and were therefore unacceptable it was because the justices were old, wed to the past. What the court needed was new blood. Partisan New Dealers. In a frenzy then FDR moved to increase the nine old men with three or six New Dealers. Now he was messing with a deeply held more and he was slapped down hard. The rejection, along a newly elected dominant Republican Congress shook his confidence so that he was never the same after that.

Had he thought it out he would have realized that with patience old men would do what old men must, that is die or retire, which is what a few did shortly. But it was too late; the damage had been done.

Back to Bernard Baruch. By 1930 Baruch was the new leader of the Jewish war on American society. Jacob Schiff, the grand old patriarch of the Jews had passed in 1921, while the hard working president of the AJC, Louis Marshall, punched his ticket in 1929. Strangely enough that ‘ardent American Patriot’ had boarded the Gospel Train in Palestine where he was reviewing progress of the settlement.

Judaism is organized somewhat like the military so that chief men come and go without disruption. The chain of commanders always intact and besides new times require new men. When a leader is no longer in tune with the times he is replaced by any means necessary. So Baruch just assumed the role and the ‘truth went marching on.’

The war was carried on over many fronts. Just as the WIB, an ideal Jewish organization embraced every aspect of life but in a natural way so that battles were not recognized as those of an aggressor. The battles were reforms.

The Depression had aided collectivization or, regimentation as Whites expressed it, a great deal while emphasizing the haves and have nots, in other words, a move toward a class society. The Plutocracy found regimentation very useful. Whereas Henry Ford’s doubling of wages in 1912 challenged the Biblical dictum that the poor shall always be with us and the Roaring twenties gave the impression that everyone could be a millionaire, the Depression returned to the Biblical stricture that the poor would be numerous while being with us. This was part of the creation of the split of the US into what appear to be two permanent classes.

The socialism of FDR was deeply resented. The prevailing doctrine is socialism; Communism, National Socialism and Fascism are just three faces of Socialism. After 1933 the US had shifted to collective socialism although of its own blend. Still, while the Plutocracy embraced regimentation it rejected collectivism and socialism as a threat to itself. The clash of mores, that is Jewish and Anglo-Saxon, was enormous and would take generations to work out if it has yet.

Communism took center stage in 1917, followed by Mussolini’s Fascism about 1922 and Hitler’s National Socialism in 1933. The latter two were derivatives of or reactions to Communism. As has been noted Communism in the US was suppressed in 1921 and released in 1933. In the intervening years both Fascism and National Socialism had come into existence. The two were opposed to Communism much as Christianity was. The Jews who returned to Washington were Communists. The split in US society occurred when the old individualist mores collided with the new socialistic or Communist collectivist mores.

The Communists then characterized the old US mores practitioners as Fascists or Nazis. So, at that point in the thirties the population was divided into Socialist/Communists and Fascists/Nazis/Natives. Polarization to the nth degree. The division was held by Roosevelt siding with the Socialist/Communists. However this reality was little understood.

Now the situation was approaching a crisis and that critical moment would occur in 1940. For that to occur the past had to be discredited. As Bob Dylan would later sing, ‘I changed their faces and gave them brand new names.’ Obliterated, erased. That was exactly what the Roosevelt Administration and the Jews began upon their entry into Washington. Their first effort was to hold the last emblem of the Gilded Age ex-president Herbert Hoover up to maximum ridicule, even scratching out his name from Hoover Dam replacing it with Boulder.

The Democrats were a backward looking lot while the Jews in appropriating the country had to extinguish the memory of its past lords. In preparation for their ascension as the true creators the Jews had been demeaning, debunking being the term of the day, that is destroying the characters of these founders of the country. Thus they meant to destroy the past and replace it with Jewish heroes and mores.

It was for this purpose that Roosevelt had been groomed for the presidency. His election was greeted with great joy by the Jewish community. On the night he was elected several Jewish baby boys were named Franklin Delano. This is more than remarkable. Why should there have been such joy in the Jewish colonies unless great expectations were anticipated from Roosevelt? Such a reaction could not have been a thing of the moment but a long term investment in the career of FDR.

Indeed, FDR had been a significant figure in the Wilson administration. As such he was known to and undoubtedly knew such key figures as Bernard Baruch, Louis Brandeis and Felix Frankfurter. Indeed he would later refer to Brandeis as ‘our Isaiah.’ When Brandeis retired from the Supreme Court his replacement on ‘the Jewish seat’ was his disciple Felix himself.

FDR had been a large ornament to American manhood before he was struck down by polio in 1921. He had a handsome, arrogant fellow by all accounts; to the manor born. He was important to the Jews as a goy of marketable quality while easily manipulated to say the least. He was therefore indoctrinated and in on the scheme. He was chosen as the Democratic vice-presidential candidate for James Cox in the 1920 election. It was assumed by the Democrats that that election was in the bag especially as the Republican candidate Warren G. Harding was considered to be an inept if cordial fellow. The Cox-FDR defeat was a blow as great as that of Donald Trump’s defeat of Hillary Clinton. It was incomprehensible and it set Jewish plans back twelve years. There must have been a lot invested in Roosevelt.

The Jews had also appropriated Al Smith of NYC as their boy. During the twenties Smith served as their governor of New York State. He was carefully managed by the Jew Belle Moskowitz. He was put up for president against Herbert Hoover in 1928 and found wanting. To replace Smith as governor Roosevelt was dragooned from his sickbed. He was very reluctant. Devastated by the use of his legs he was desperate to regain them and was already using his spa in Warm Springs Georgia.

FDR was installed as Governor of New York to replace the unfortunate Al Smith who the Jews now abandoned much to his chagrin. One imagines his term was made easy while the propaganda machine magnified his acts that indeed implemented the Jewish agenda. When Hoover’s administration was trashed, as the propaganda machine used every defamatory trick available, the election of Roosevelt in 1932 was assured.

There is a problem with Roosevelt that is never discussed and that is what effect did his incapacitation by polio have on his mind? How did he accept the change from his handsome dashing prime to the wheel chair bound wreck who could not stand up or take an unaided step. In short, in cruel terms, a cripple.

Not well.

Roosevelt probably knew that a disabled king could not rule. Throughout history the rule had been that a ruler must not have a single blemish. Even a facial scar acquired in war disqualified him. Thus FDR went to great lengths to conceal his disability. It was never mentioned by the media, they were silenced, indeed, there were legions of people who never knew that FDR had had polio and couldn’t walk. One imagines that the before polio Roosevelt was the image he held in mind of himself after polio. His psychology was definitely affected but the question is how?

Once in office Roosevelt turned on the ‘capitalists’ of the Gilded Age. The exuberant wide open laissez-faire cowboys of 1865-1914 were to be condemned, erased, and if possible wiped from the pages of history. In this both Jews and Democrats were united. Consequently, criminal charges were levied against a host of the Old Guard with at least one sent to prison. Herbert Hoover himself became the personal bete noir of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The defamation Hoover had endured as president was as nothing compared to what to was to come.

Perhaps Hoover represented the whole Gilded Age to FDR. Until his presidency Hoover was considered one of the greatest men alive. He was a self-made man, an orphan who went on to become a graduate of Stanford University and from thence to be considered one of, if not, the greatest mining engineer of his age. He earned a considerable fortune nor did he hesitate to use it for meritorious purposes. During WWI when the whole Belgian population was starving to death their survival depended solely on his good offices as he negotiated with the Germans to allow food through their lines accepting their guarantee that they would not appropriate the food for themselves. The German honored that agreement and the Belgians were saved.

In post-war Germany when once again their whole population was being starved to death by an Allied blockade that would allow no food to be delivered to them. Their plight was lifted by the sole activities of Hoover who over the objections of the Allies forced them to lift the blockade.

Again, in post-war Russia during the huge famine of 1921 killing millions, over the objections of Lenin’s communist government Hoover came to the rescue. He was viewed as a miracle man. This was the man the Roosevelt administration and Roosevelt personally set out to destroy. Hoover was spotless; their only tool was an unwarranted defamation. The administration sank to the filthiest means.

Hoover had begun the great dam across he Colorado River that has made Las Vegas, Arizona and California prosperity possible. The dam was called Hoover Dam as a tribute to his engineering skills. Roosevelt changed the name to Boulder Dam rather than Hoover’s name should be erased throughout history. In an attempt to equal or surpass Hoover Dam, the administration decided to build the great Grand Coulee Dam across the great Columbia River in Washington State. And then he threw in Bonneville Dam further downstream from Washington to the Oregon side.

While Hoover Dam was built in a narrow defile where the Colorado descended from the plateau, Grand Coulee was merely a mile wide. At that width it had to be a gravity dam, that is the weight of the dam had to exceed the pressure of the water behind. The most concrete ever used to that point was poured across the mile wide Columbia gap. One imagines that Roosevelt grinned from ear to ear when it was completed. And all that electrical power was socialized.

Roosevelt was relentless in his defamation of the great mind, Herbert Hoover. His persecution of Hoover ended only with his death in 1945. After that Hoover was able to regain a portion of he reputation although even today he is only remembered for the Depression’s Hoovervilles of homeless people. Now, that was effective defamation. Where was the Anti-Defamation League when you needed them.

It is difficult to understand the hostility, even hatred, of the past. The Gilded Age is an amazing oneoff period in the history of the world. The transformation from a primarily agricultural horse drawn society to an industrial megalith of billion dollar corporations. A period when horses were replaced on the farms with internal combustion gasoline tractors. Oil had transformed transportation by highway, railway and the airways, and this was all done in forty spectacular years. Roosevelt was anti-big as was his administration. In many ways they were paramount reactionaries.

Perhaps more important was the difference in the magnitude of scale. Things went from miniscule to gigantic while the average human mind was still at the miniscule level. Gigantic rail systems, gigantic industrial agglomerations. The currency and economic changes, the rise of the great New York Stock Exchange from a mere nothing conducted under a tree to the seeming arbiter of the economic life of the nation. Perhaps the Stock Exchange was the easiest target, perhaps in its cataclysmic crash, an economic Armageddon with so many lives destroyed, the life of the nation imperiled, was the small minded man’s revenge.

In any event the Roosevelt administration looking back in anger chose to pillory as many of these ‘robber barons’ or descendants of robber barons as they could. Like the ancient Egyptians chiseling the name of Hatshepsut from the monuments to eradicate her memory from history, the Roosevelt Administration sought to erase the Gilded Age from history, to remake the US over again in its own image.

One is reminded of the advent of the Jefferson Administration when he had finally achieve power and said that an entirely new approach to America was to replace that of Washington and Adams. By that he meant that the Illuminati, so hated and feared by Adams, would take control of American society. Jefferson was of the sect, still managed by Adam Weisshaupt from his refuge in Germany. The Abbe Baruel’s Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, one of the more famous books in history, was rushed in translation to the US in 1795 as a warning of danger and in response John Adams had passed the Alien and Sedition Laws to stifle the inflow of Jacobins. One of Jefferson’s first acts was to repudiate those laws and he established the new order in the US thus repudiating the past much as Roosevelt was doing and for much the same political agenda.

And then the Civil War pushed the US in a new direction, the greatest period of laissez faire that ever existed. Now Roosevelt was repudiating the past in the same manner as Jefferson while its reaction is being realized in the Presidency of Donald Trump.

Roosevelt issued indictments against dozens of the Old order as though their very lives had been crimes. In many ways he anticipated the show trials that Stalin would initiate later in the decade. Roosevelt’s indictments were actually futile. The older J.P. Morgan was safe in his grave beyond his reach but his son, the young J.P. Morgan was there. He was forced to sit with a dwarf on his knee as a symbol of humiliation. Perhaps it was thought that this symbolically cut the older Morgan in the person of the younger down to size. Or, perhaps Roosevelt took this method to rage against the polio that struck him down.

Once started there was no stopping them. Perhaps this interpretation is too strong but having imposed his will on the US though the WIB Bernard Baruch was able to continue to direct the US toward his goals indicated by the War Industries Board. Total war was now directed at the United States for the benefit of the Jewish people. Baruch was seemingly able to mobilize the US against itself. In keeping with his idea of total war the taxing system was organized to expropriate Old Americans of their wealth. Income tax rates would soar to ninety percent of income, expropriatory death taxes would destroy old fortunes impoverishing the new generations. The old mansions went vacant and unused, no longer affordable.

According to the Jewish literary spokesman, Gustavus Myers, the goal was even to prevent the formation of new fortunes. Judging from today this goal has been an ultimate failure but then within a few years the great fortunes of the Gilded Age had been appropriated. By 1940 success seemed inevitable. The country had been impoverished both high and low.

Continue in Part 2b-9

Eugenics And Dysgenics Pt.2b-7

The Mysteries Of The Second Thirty Years War

by

R.E. Prindle

Continued from Pt. 2b-6

-VI-

 

Let us return to the Bolshevik Revolution and come forward. The Bolshevik Revolution, the October Revolution, occurred at the end of 1917. At that time the War Industries Board in the US was in existence but not in its final form. The WIB was reorganized in March of 1918 and Bernard Baruch was named its autocrat, its Czar with unlimited powers. This cannot be too much emphasized; to oppose him was to incur his wrath and he could dispossess you of your industrial possessions. Baruch then reorganized the US into a totalitarian State. Between him and George Creel of the CPI- Committee of Public Information the State was put into a condition of Total War.

You look into the abyss and the abyss looks back at you. The US was not isolated; what happened in the US didn’t necessarily stay in the US. Europeans were watching and the US was setting examples. The organization of the country and its peoples for Total War. This organization of the Country for Total War was much admired by the soon to emerge NSDAP of Germany. George Creel’s

 

astounding organization of propaganda under the auspices of the Committee for Public Information squelched all dissent and put the US in lockstep.

At the same time Baruch’s organization of not only industrial America but the regimentation or proposed regimentation of the people won the admiration of the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini who organized Italy along the same lines to be followed by Wolf Hitler in Germany. To this may be added that US businessmen viewed the right about face of American civilization from individualism to extreme collectivism with amazement. They saw that the ability to manipulate the population so easily opened new doors.

Communism, like it or not, is a form of Judaism. Fascism is a reaction to Communism and makes Fascism also related to Judaism in form. Fascism was essentially a creation of Bernard Baruch who was Jewish thus confirming Fascism as a variation of Judaism.

So it was that the advent of Communism and its Fascist offshoot began to reorganize Western Civilization. All the rules were changed overnight, but this was recognized by few people. The majority continued to act according to established mores but those mores no longer produced the same result. Thus the sense of direction was lost. Still, a great Judaization of Western Civilization had been achieved. Monumental. Plus the years 1917-20 had been thrown into complete turmoil. Perhaps the temporary wartime unanimity achieved in the US spoiled the Wilson administration.

President Wilson of the US had concocted a notion of a League of Nations that was supposed to function like clockwork to prevent future wars. The League was actually formed in Europe but Wilson needed the consent of the Senate to permit the US to join. Certain idealists or utopians were absolutely convinced of the League’s potential efficacy and were urgent in the need for its acceptance. Other realists in the Senate scoffed at the idea and rejected the League.

Wilson nearly killed himself in campaigning for it but was incapacitated for life by a stroke instead.   The last two years of his presidency found him bedbound and unable to function. It seems clear that otherwise he would sought a third term to achieve his purpose. The Democratic candidates for the 1920 election, James Cox and Franklin Delano Roosevelt pledged to realize the League’s adoption. The Republican candidate Warren Harding gave some vague assurances. Harding won the election and the League was forgotten.

Now there came a crisis in ideology. The advocates of the League felt they had the moral high ground while being absolutely right. They were shattered by their rejection. The feeling was not unlike when Donald Trump upset the plans of the League’s successors in the 2016 election.

The feeling then was that the multitude of ‘deplorables’ could not be trusted to do the right thing, in effect that democracy was a failure. It followed then that some method of control must be adopted to ensure that the public accepted the wishes of their betters. The question was how. Perhaps goaded to action by President Harding’s inauguration on March 5, 1921, on July 29th, 1921 the members filed articles of incorporation as the Council On Foreign Relations. The method was to work from the top down. There was to be a new concept of democracy. The CFR would select and groom both the candidates for the presidency. The goal was a one party system, essentially a constitutional dictatorship not too dissimilar from the lines of the Soviet Union, Italy and finally Germany but with he illusion of choice and ‘democracy.’

Both candidates were to be selected by them so that barring differences in personal style the program would be the same. The twenties were held by the rump of the post-Civil War Gilded Age GOP but with the 1932 election FDR became the CFR’s first president and with the possible exceptions of Kennedy and Nixon the CFR candidates were presidents until the current Donald Trump upset the plan.

The Jews, who although affiliated with the CFR, functioned autonomously. As noted, the years 1918-21 were fraught with difficulties for them. They, too, fearful of an uncontrolled public had to devise methods of thought control. Fortunately for them their man, the psychologist Sigmund Freud, remained on post in Vienna until 1938 when because of the Nazi presence it was thought judicious for him to remove to England.

It is impossible to stress the importance of this man too much. His influence has never been properly defined but in my opinion he is the ‘grey eminence’ behind the period from c. 1900 to c. 1945 although he committed suicide in 1939. He had had cancer of the mouth for twenty years but it still hadn’t killed him. The stench from his wounds was so bad that his dog wouldn’t come close to him preferring to sit on the far side of the room. Tragic story, actually.

Freud, back at the turn of the century, said that he had abandoned hypnotism, then important in treating mental ailments. He found, he said, that he could achieve as much by free association. That is to say he had exchanged one method of hypnotism for another. Now, hypnotism is merely suggestion on a prepared mind. Thus masses of people could be hypnotized at once if you focused their minds and implanted the suggestion. Thus by focusing the mind on the injustice of prejudice as defined by him one could implant the notion of anti-Semitism and that anti-Semitism was a sin or crime of the first magnitude; reprehensible to the nth degree. The idea was sound but how to implement it; what could be the delivery system.

As I mentioned earlier Freud was a member of the Vienna lodge of the International Order of B’nai B’rith. That group was a Jewish brotherhood based on the Freemasonic order. The Vienna lodge met once a week; Freud joined in 1895 and it is said that he attended religiously all his life until he left Vienna. He said that their agenda was a match for his. Freud’s agenda was to destroy Europe and Europeans. Work it out from there.

The B’nai B’rith was and is an international order with headquarters in NYC. All, or nearly all, of the leading Jewish figures in the US spent part or all of their summers in Europe. It is impossible that they didn’t associate with leading figures of European Jewry to plan and conspire.

To use as an example Bernard Baruch, who said he spent his summers in Europe. Baruch had been included in the US contingent to the Paris Peace Conference. There he met and associated with the leading Jewish figures as well as meeting many important Europeans including Winston Churchill with whom he had a close lifelong relationship, even to the point of advancing money that he didn’t expect to be returned. He became fast friends with Churchill spending a week or so in London summers at his home while Churchill when in the US made Baruch’s NYC home his headquarters, according to Baruch.

It would seem certain that Baruch would make a pilgrimage to Vienna to make the acquaintance of the world famous Sigmund Freud. My point here is summers in Europe were great strategy planning sessions for the Jews as Henry Ford indicated.

Now, ever since the Civil War the US had developed a reputation in Europe as a destination of freedom, liberty and economic abundance. I can’t help but believe that Europeans saw Americans as simpletons. Certainly the Jews saw the US as the place where their dream of dominion could be realized unlike Russia where most of them lived.

Already by 1914 millions were in the US while plans were in place to transfer the whole population of European Jewry to the US before the war intervened.

After the war the situation had completely changed. Whole areas were devastated, cities towns and villages destroyed. Hardship and starvation everywhere. US Jews rushed supplies to relieve Jewish distress. From Germany to Russia the war hadn’t even ended as revolution and civil wars continued for years. It is no wonder then that in addition to the whole Jewish population millions upon millions of Europeans were expected to flood into the US, a very desperate mass of people, impoverished and nasty whatevers. Obviously the America of the past would be completely ruined.

Immigration had been building before the war. Even in 1914 in the seven months before the war began 1.4 million people arrived. The total for the year would have been well over two million, a record. Even in 1920 over a million entered. The prospect was for perhaps five million or more a year. A totally unassimilable number. Chaos would have ensued, clear to any sensible American mind.

Such a catastrophe had to be avoided hardwired internationalists were screaming ‘Let ‘em in, bring ‘em over.’ Totally insane.

But finally immigration controls were imposed. National quotas were installed from 1921 to the 1924 Johnson Act. Even then human traffickers smuggled in hundreds of thousands, but at least untold millions were kept at bay. Jewish plans came to naught and the infra structure built at Galveston and New Orleans was never to be used.

Freud, then, devised the psychological assault on Western mores and culture. Borrowing as always Freud had been greatly attracted by the Russian Ivan Pavlov and his studies on conditioning in the early first and second decades. The French psychologist Gustav LeBon had made massive strides in the use of hypnotism by his studies in mob psychology that Freud absorbed and even credited to Le Bon, nearly unique for him. The transitioning of the US from individualism to collectivism by wartime essentially hypnotism and conditioning had made a great impression on both camps. The war had shown what could be done if the right conditions were created, the suggestions planted and repeated conditioning executed.

This begs the question, then, if the Great Depression had been a device to corrupt the US. Certain psychological techniques were being developed to direct public opinion. These were called public relations and advertising. One of the foremost practitioners of both was a Jewish fellow by the name of Edward Bernays. As any student of Freud knows his wife was named Martha Bernays and yes, Edward Bernays was Freud’s nephew, and they did have a fairly close relationship.

Eddie Bernays, a US resident traveled to Vienna to visit his uncle from time to time. They had long talks and summer walks. Eddie Bernays had been associated with Bernard Baruch’s WIB and had kept his eyes open. He had seen the public easily manipulated and was impressed. Such manipulation was discussed in accordance with Freud’s and the B’nai B’rith agenda. Freud gave Bernays a few of his writings to translate and publish which Eddie did. By the twenties the propaganda machine had elevated Freud to one of the world’s three most influential men, along with Einstein and Marx giving in Jewish eyes and a large part of goyish eyes a trifecta, so that Eddie’s relationship with Freud didn’t hurt his career.

Eddie was cold and calculating. He would take any job. During the twenties women were not great smokers. Lucky Strike’s George Washington Hill, wanted to change that he hired Eddie. Actually in order to keep prominent ad men from other employment he hired not only Bernays but the more important Ivy Lee along with the chief advertising agency of the time Albert Lasker’s Lord and Thomas of Chicago. Eddie was paid the least. Eddie in collaboration with fellow Freudian, A.A. Brill came up with the notion of calling cigarettes ‘freedom torches’; got together a group of young society women and on Easter Sunday 1929 had them light up for the NYC Easter Parade. In those days the Easter Parade was a major event where men and women dressed in their very finest strolled through the main streets of town. In his own way Eddie was corrupting Christianity. Irving Berlin, of course, wrote one of his biggest hits about the Easter Parade which according to some Jewish writers turned Easter from a Christian religious event into a fashion parade.

Eddie had the photographers out and the NY Times put a feature on the Freedom Torches on the front page giving it maximum exposure. Women’s mores were changed in the light of a flash bulb.

During the same time radio became a viable medium while sound was introduced to movies. Television had actually been achieved this early while by the late thirties it would have been taken commercial but was delayed by the War emerging after in the late forties. These tremendous propaganda tools would then go to work on American mores.

Just as an interesting aside, Sax Rohmer in one of his Fu Manchu stories of the late thirties had an interesting scene in which the TV screen was used to hypnotize certain subjects. While Rohmer hypnotized one on one, the medium became one of the great mass hypnotic tools of our times.

It was necessary then to control the content of the emerging media propaganda tools. The Jews, of course, deny controlling the media and they attack you as an anti-Semite if you point out the obvious. The basic psychology of the period should be becoming clear. The term anti-Semite was first used in 1875 by the German, Wilhelm Mars, and was appropriated by the Jews and has become the workhorse of their conditioning efforsts. All these media were perfect as hypnoid producers. To get your suggestion through you have to prepare the mind and the sight and sound of movies of movies and TV are the perfect media. Mores are subtly changed, reputations made or destroyed. Notions of good and bad are posited. Slaves and guardians are identified. By the sixties re-education through the media was in high gear.

Things were pretty rough in the twenties and thirties. As WWI pointed out, wars are the perfect vehicles to prepare the mind to accept suggestions. As has been pointed out the Paris Peace Treaties paved the way for WWII and the percipient figured out that would come in twenty years and so it did.   More important for the US the war began with FDR’s inauguration. On the one hand the Jews immediately declared war on Germany and on the other Roosevelt was given dictatorial full war powers to ‘wage war on the depression.’ So, he fumbled through his first two terms waging war on the depression and changing American mores to an incredible degree. A war mentality, then, prevailed throughout Roosevelt’s presidency.

Baruch was plumping for war from 1920 on and that accelerated with FDR’s presidency. He was insisting on preparedness, thus pretty much the war machine that the Prussians were condemned for and which we have achieved since the end of WWII. It was what Eisenhower called the Industrial Military Complex. In other words everything WWII was fought against. Preparedness would advance the collectivity that the Jews desired while a propaganda machine along the lines of the Creel Committee would keep people agitated and open to suggestion much as we have today.

With WWII on their horizon whoever controlled mores when the war came would control the shots. The Democrats figured that after Harding died the colorless Coolidge would be easy to defeat in 1924. Coolidge fooled them and the Coolidge Prosperity, the New Era, the land of millionaires followed. Then when Herbert Hoover handily defeated Al Smith in 1928 the handwriting was on the wall. If the prosperity continued, when the 1940 and the projected war occurred, according the Democrats the wrong people would be calling the shots and the opportunity to remake the country in the Liberal and Jewish image would be missed.

However, if a great depression occurred during Hoover’s administration continuity would be broken and the Democrats would get in and be in when the war and opportunity to reorganize the country could begin in dead earnest.

Wilson had created the Federal Reserve in 1913 and the creation was peculiar. The Federal Reserve is a private bank and outside the control or even influence of the president. While Hoover has been criticized for not reining in the Stock Market all he could is plead with the Federal Reserve to raise the discount rate which he did and was ignored. It follows then that the Fed knew exactly what was happening and making it happen.

The owners of the bank, the Federal Reserve, are nine international, eight since Lehman went bust, plus the Rockefeller interests. They are the only authorized issuers of US currency. They print the money and they collect interest on its use. Every dollar you possess is paying interest to the ten banks of the Fed.

The Fed controls the Discount rate hence the expansion and contraction of the economy. This is solely at the discretion of the Jews. A wonderful if risky way of buying stocks, speculating, is buying on margin. That is, that by putting up a percentage of your own money you can buy 100 percent of the stock. Of course you’re paying interest to the banks on the borrowed margin, which is a nice deal for the banks as your stocks are collateral. If your stock prices contract to a certain point you will have a margin call and be required to deposit more of your own money to fill in the margin. If you are unable to do this, your speculation fails completely and you are bust. A certain risk, you see. So, after having encouraged the speculation the Fed raised the discount rate and the crash occurred. Over production of goods was said to be the cause. OK.

Today the maximum margin you can borrow is fifty percent. In other words if you have hundred dollars in an account you can borrow fifty dollars. In the twenties the margin was 90%. That is, if you had a hundred dollars you could buy a thousand dollars worth of stock but you were really strung out. Obviously, a very small drop in the price of your stocks would elicit a margin call. The lower margin requirement was a dog whistle for speculators.

Once again, President Hoover has been castigated for not ordering the Fed to increase the discount rate earlier to curb speculation before it got out of hand and reduce the speculative fever. But as the Fed, a private corporation, was legally outside the president’s control, all he could do was remonstrate which he did. Thus, just as speculation was at the highest fever pitch the Fed lowered the discount rate and pushed speculation beyond supportable limits; the market came crashing down, and it continued to do so during Hoover’s presidency.

In his autobiography Hoover says that all his recovery efforts were negated by destructive forces as he seemed to on the verge of success. Now, the CFR was founded in 1921. In 1930 Hoover was told to toe the line in the way of collectivism and refused. As a representative of the Old America he was an individualist. But his refusal meant that he was a marked man. Times were changing under the influence of Communist collectivism. The way was being prepared for what Eugene Lyons called The Red Decade, the title of his book, of the thirties and essentially the Roosevelt Administration. Judaism, Fascism, National Socialism are all variations of the same thing, so lesson’s learned under the fascistic rule of Baruch’s WIB now seemed very attractive. Hoover warned emphatically that if Roosevelt were elected collectivism would replace individualism. The electorate didn’t understand or didn’t care.

Roosevelt’s election released repressed collectivism from the repression of the Republican Interregnum and the forces of collectivism flooded back into Washington DC.

The contest for the soul of America was renewed with a vengeance. While the Jews had been excluded by the three twenties’ Republican presidents that did not mean that they were idle. The noise of the seven year Ford campaign had provided a cover for Jewish activities. Even though Harding had suppressed the Communist revolution in the US during the first year of his administration and J. Edgar Hoover became the first director of the new Federal Bureau of Investigation and made his mission the destruction of Communism the socialist impulse was so strong and diverse that it regrouped and functioned as a clandestine organization working underground until Der Tag arrived Roosevelt’s election was Der Tag, the day.

As mentioned the hastening of the day was being continued above ground in a surreptitious way by manipulation of the currency by the Federal Reserve. Not surprisingly Bernard Baruch in his role as Czar of the WIB included the management of the currency as a weapon in organizing the country for total war. Hence the war carried on using the currency as a weapon. The engineered stock market crash of 1929 was the Jewish equivalent of Pearl Harbor.

The crash and the prolongation of the depression reopened the door for the re-entry into Washington and the control of the US no matter how limited by traditions that have never been overcome. Those mores are well founded.

The US was placed on a war footing with the reentry of the Democrats immediately. FDR was given by Congress the role of dictator with full wartime powers, in the ‘war’ against the depression. And this was a war that would never be resolved until the Jewish war against Germany began in 1940-42. In actual fact the Jews in the US declared war on Germany in 1933 when their US spokesman the NYC lawyer and AJC official, Samuel Untermyer announced it. He indirectly spoke in the name of the United States of America with Franklin Delano Roosevelt presiding.

Continued in Part 2b-8