Note #12:  George W.M. Reynolds: Passing Through Time.

by

R.E. Prindle

Texts:  Ewald, Alexander Charles, The Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, EARL OF BEACONSFIELD, K.G. And His Times, William MacKenzie, 1883

Reynolds, George W.M., Works 1844-1860

.1.

In order to understand an author correctly one must have some idea of his cultural milieu.  I am offering some here, I am not being comprehensive.  I am going to take a longish quote from Alexander Charles Ewald’s ‘The Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, First Earl of Beaconsfield, K.G., And His Times to begin.

Ewald was especially suited to interpret Disraeli in great detail and length.  The work is divided into five divisions, two volumes in a beautifully designed book designed to honor Ewald’s great man.  Each page is a wonderfully detailed, almost day by day, hour by hour, account of Disraeli’s political career. The social, cultural and historical context is amazing.

Ewald was especially suited to interpret Disraeli as he too was a converted, or in Disreali’s term, ‘completed Jew’, observing both the new and old testament.  His understanding is that Jesus came to fulfill the law.  Ewald was born in Jerusalem, converting to, or assuming a complementary, Christianity.  Something like the contemporary Jews for Jesus.  I’m just guessing but I’m going to put his assumption at about the age twenty after he had time to recognize Disraeli and imitate him.  In his book her he assumes the role of Disraeli’s Boswell.

He provides magnificent detail, worshipping every word the Disraeli spoke in Parliament.  Below he is setting the stage, discussing electoral matters.  Division 1, p. 47

Quote:

During the present generation the House of Commons, owing to the development of the reforms that have been effected in its constitution, has lost many of the characteristics which it formerly possessed.  It is now a practical, business-like, but, it must be confessed, a somewhat dull assembly.  The elements of youth and wit are conspicuous by their absence, while municipal eloquence and vestry-like personalities reign in their stead.  Before the abolition of nomination boroughs, a young man of great ability—like the second Pitt, Canning, Macauly and others—was taken by the hand by some powerful minister, and launched upon a parliamentary career in the easiest and most inexpensive fashion.  The leaders of the great parties, who swayed the opinions of parliament were always on the watch for talent that might serve their political ends.  Many a young man by his clever speeches at the debating-club of his university, by a happy pamphlet, or by a bitter and opportune squib, found himself safely seated on the green benches of the House of Commons as a representative of a borough in the hands of a powerful lord, or of a large-acred  squire without his election having cost him more than the issue of his address or the delivery of a few speeches before a sympathetic audience.  Commerce had not then assumed the high position it now occupies, nor had the banker’s book usurped the influence of  the pedigree chart.  The lower house was in a large measure, filled by the representatives of the landed gentry, who knew little of science of the laws of political economy, but who shuddered if they heard a false quantity, and piqued themselves that they were as familiar with the classics as a priest is with his breviary.  A few merchants of the highest class, a few successful lawyers, a few Irish, then as now not held in much esteem, and several clever young men who were the little deities of their university, completed the list. The constitution of such an assembly, though it might not offer the same scope as now exists for the exercise of those talents which especially appeal to what Mr. Disraeli called the “parochial mind,” yet afforded every opportunity for the display of culture.  A classical and a literary flavour penetrated the parliamentary eloquence of those days.  A speech delivered in the House was a solemn undertaking, and not to be lightly entered upon; its periods were carefully dismissed in stately terms worthy of the occasion; the gestures and attitudes of the speaker were studied with a Chatham-like view of effect; whilst his words were listened to by an assembly which never forgot, even in the most feverish times of party heat, that it represented the gentry of England.  Then on the following day the details brought forward were fully reported and discussed in the leading journals.  Eloquence was thus the most powerful weapon that could be wielded in parliamentary warfare, and it consequently became the favorite and most cultivated of all studies.  To be a showy speaker or a ready debater, no matter how incorrect or superficial the sentiments expressed, was to be on the high road to the cabinet; whilst the erudite and the thinker, who could never address a few words to the Speaker without confusion, were completely ignored. 

The Reform Bills and the development of a newspaper press have, however, ushered in a new state of things. The abolition of pocket boroughs has rendered it impossible for clever but impecunious youth to obtain a seat in parliament.  The competition that arises upon every vacancy in the House of Commons, and the rigid measures now most properly dealt out of those guilty of bribery and corruption, make it a matter of necessity at the present day for the candidate for parliamentary honours  to be not only a rich man, but one who has long been courting the favours of a constituency.  Those who derive their wealth from industry seldom have attained to fortune till past middle age and consequently the House of Commons will become more and more the assembly of elderly men; in other words, more grave, more practical, more dull.

Unquote.

.2.

What Ewart describes is the grey ease of the transition point between a change of scale, the changing of the guard.  As Greg Allman lyricist for the Allman Bros. Band described it:  ‘See that clock upon the wall?  Time can make it fall.’  Time flows it doesn’t run.  One era was ending, another beginning.

Disraeli’s career can be divided into two parts, 1837 to 1860 and from 1860 to his death.  The first period ended in success as in 1858 he and Lionel Rothschild breached the British square to allow Jews to seated in Parliament as Jews and not English thus creating the real Two Nations contending for mastery.  The Rothschilds succeeded in extending their power over all Europe while operating in the US initially through their agent August Belmont, who proved to independent and after  with the full cooperation of the J.P. Morgan organization and Kuhn-Loeb on the Jewish side.

By then Disraeli had established himself as the leader of the Conservative Party.  He was then instrumental in managing English political affairs until his death.

Reynolds’ destiny seems to have been written out of both literature and history.  The deeper I get into his study the more convinced I am that he was much more influential in promoting his agenda than he has been accredited for even by his literary admirers.  His entire political agenda was effected by the time he died.  The Chartist program which I am sure he must have had a hand in forming and which in his utopianism he thought was going to produce the perfect world had been realized.

  Disraeli seemed aware, as he was promoting the change was able to transition from one period to the other with some success.  Ewart in his political biography quotes from a Disraeli speech: Division II, p.423:

Quote:

But I think that the reform of the House of Commons in 1832 greatly added to the energy and public spirit in which we had then become somewhat deficient.

But, sir, it must be remembered that the labours of the statesmen who took part in the transactions of 1832 were eminently experimental.  In many respects they had to treat their subject empirically, and it is not to be wondered at if in the course of time it was found that some errors were committed in that settlement; and if, as time rolled on, some, if not many deficiencies, were discovered.   I beg the House to consider well those effects of time, and what has been the character of the twenty-five years that have elapsed since 1832.  They form no ordinary period.  In a progressive country and a progressive age, progress has been not only rapid, but perhaps precipitate.  There is no instance in the history of Europe of such an increase of population as has taken place in this country during this period.  There is no example in the history of Europe or of America, of a creation and accumulation of capital so vast as has occurred in this country in those twenty-five years.  And I believe the general diffusion of intelligence has kept pace with that increase of population and wealth.  In that period you have brought science to bear on social life in a manner no philosopher in his dreams could ever have anticipated; in that space of time you have, in a manner, annihilated both time and space.  The influence of the discovery of printing is really only beginning to work on the multitude.  It is, therefore, not surprising that in a measure passed twenty-five years ago, in a spirit necessarily experimental, however distinguished were its authors, and however remarkable their ability, some omissions have been found that ought to be supplied, and some defects that ought to be remedied.  In such a state of things a question in England becomes what is called a public question.

Unquote.

Disraeli seems to handle space and time well is that excerpt.  Satisfied me anyway.

 Reynolds on the other hand was fairly rooted in the departing era that he examined in great detail handling time and space well for the period 1826 to 1848 .  When the break point came in 1859-60 he knew he couldn’t adapt to the new era.  Gave it up, handed his pen and ink to the younger generation to drift off ostensibly to do newspaper work on his newspaper, involving himself in political affairs anywhere he was welcome, wandering in the wilderness for nearly twenty years, while the new generation of novelists such as Anthony Trollope took his place as political and social commentators.  His earthly travails ended at seventy-nine.  His time had been well spent.

Disraeli died a couple years later, if I’m not mistaken, a bitter vengeful old man nursing his delusions of being a ‘great man.’  Lionel Rothschild also died in 1980 thus topping off the period.

Time Traveling 18:

George W. M. Reynolds And The Two Nations

by

R.E. Prindle

The Forties were a momentous period in nineteenth century England. It was one of their transition points from one societal organization to another.  The people of England were stumbling out of the eighteenth century into the nineteenth with all its technological and scientific revelations. The Napoleonic wars had put a period to the eighteenth and the nineteenth blossomed.

Perhaps unnoticed for what it was the emancipation of the Jews begun by Napoleon was about to transform the face of Europe and England.  Nowhere was this more clearly evident than in the country of England.

By the 1840s it was clear to the perceptive that there was a coming cultural clash between the Jews and English. As is usual with great changes, artists and writers were the first to grasp that there was a culture war in progress.  Pre-eminent among the writers concerned with the two nations was the great novelist George W. M. Reynolds, the author of Mysteries of London.

From the Jewish side the most overt writers were the future Prime Minister, Benjamin Disraeli and his father Isaac D’Israeli.  Both writers blazed across the decade of the Forties.

In this essay we will be concerned with Reynolds’ four series of Mysteries of London.  I follow the Valancourt two series, two volumes  edition.  The first two series or volumes have current publication  while the latter two series have been eclipsed by the passage of time.  Reynolds himself had been eclipsed by the passage of time but English scholar Louis James’ effort seems headed for a revival of interest.  Valancourt Press has released  : The Mysteries of London Series I&II, Wagner the Wehrwolf and The Necromancer.  In 1919 a San Bernardino firm with no name published a printing of III and IV, which I have, but the edition has sold through and is no longer available at this time.  Several different volumes published by the British Library can still be had, they are discontinued, the Library seems to have lost interest in Reynolds and remaindered the lot.  Some are still readily available at Ebay and possibly Amazon.

A problem might be that the end of second series seems to indicate the end of the Mysteries but such is not the case for while Series Three doesn’t pick up where Series Two ended is nevertheless a long continuation along with Series Four bringing the total number of pages of the four series  to nearly five thousand.

The volumes of Benjamin Disraeli to figure prominently in this essay will be his trilogy Coningsby, Sybil and Tancred.  Benjamin Disraeli was of course the most prominent politician of the English nineteenth century. Being in Parliament in the forties he published these three political novels then ended his writing career until 1870 when Lothair appeared followed in 1980 by his Endymion.

Of stellar importance will be his father Isaac D’ Israeli’s, Genius of the Jews, whose teaching formed his son’s understanding of the Jewish Nation.  The book was also meant a manual for non-Jews as to how they were to perceive the Jewish Nation.  At this time in England little was known of the Jewish Nation.

.2.

 From the year 1290 to 1660 Jews were banned from England.  Allowed re-entry in 1660, immigration to England began slowly, by the end of the eighteenth century there was a small colony of perhaps several thousand who, staying within their colony in the East End were not disrupting English society.  That situation had changed dramatically by the 1840s when the culture clash arrived with a bang.

By the 1840s the Rothschild banking family of the Nation was the richest family in England eclipsing preeminent families of the English Nation by far.  The modern palace of Mentmore Towers built in 1854 excelled all English manors in splendor.  Built in the Vale of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, the Vale became the location of many Rothschild mansions.  Isaac D’ Israeli establish himself at Bradenham in Bucks. while his son would establish himself at neighboring Hughenden.  Thus the Vale became a Jewish principality.  The Vale would figure prominently in the writings of Reynolds.

The rise of the English Jewish Nation began in 1806 when the dynasties founder, Nathan Rothschild, made his first coup by smuggling English gold across France and Spain to General Wellington’s army on the Spanish Peninsula.  Nathan’s next coup, that established the family fortune, came with the success of British arms against Napoleon at Waterloo.

When Nathan died in 1836 he turned the dynasty over to his son Lionel who was a worthy successor.  Lionel would rule the roost from 1836 to 1880 paralleling the career of Benjamin Disraeli in the heart of the nineteenth century.  It was he who broke the British square.  Shortly after Nathan’s death Disraeli was given a safe seat in Parliament in 1837, after having placed last in balloting four consecutive elections.

The Rothchild/Disraeli link would last until Lionel died.  Now linked with the Rothschilds and in Parliament Disraeli quickly wrote the trilogy that outlined the Jewish Nation’s position- Coningsby, Sybil and Tancred.  These novels lauded his Nation while in Tancred he proposed a New Crusade leading from Palestine across Europe to England.

Every member of Parliament had to take an oath as a Christian, while Disraeli, as a Jew, took Jesus’ view that he came to fulfil the law of the Old Testament.  Thus, while accepting Jesus as a Jewish savior becoming a nominal Christian he could take the oath in good conscience while maintaining a dual religiosity.

There were already Jewish members of Parliament but they had falsely taken the oath.  Lionel ran for Parliament, was elected to one of the six City seats, but refused the oath desiring to be admitted as member of the Jewish Nation only.  He was refused but repeatedly ran and was reelected as one of the six City members.  Finally in the mid fifties he was able to corrupt the procedures of the English Nation seating himself as a member of the Jewish Nation, but not the English Nation.  The Jews at this point had parity as the Jewish Nation functioning within the English Nation.  The two nations had come into existence.

.3.

George W.M. Reynolds was also a revolutionary but an English national.  Born in 1814 to an English Navy Captain, he spent the years between two and eight on the island of Guernsey where his father was stationed.  The family returned to England in 1822 in which year his father died.  The next five years he was under the guardianship of his father’s best friend, Duncan McArthur, who was a Naval physician stationed at Walmer, Kent.  At the end of the period McArthur placed the thirteen year old boy as a cadet at the Sandhurst Military Academy.  George had apparently been at odds with his father, but hated Duncan McArthur, who, as his father and mother’s executor, probably defrauded him of a large part of his inheritance.

No longer able to stand military discipline, after his mother died in March of 1830, Reynolds removed himself from Sandhurst.  He exiled himself to France at the end of 1830.  Eighteen-thirty was the year of the second French revolution, called the July Revolution, with its three glorious days. In France, Reynolds became a thorough revolutionary favoring violent revolution.  In 1836 he was asked to leave France under a criminal cloud.  Returning to England he began his literary career as the editor of the Monthly Magazine.

In 1832 the first Reform Act was made law in England.  As a consequence of the Reform Act a worker’s party called the Chartists emerged in which Reynolds served a prominent role.  Having written several creditable novels between 1835 and 1842 but which failed  to establish him as a successful author he was invited by the publisher George Stiff to serialize a novel for his magazine the London Journal.  The novel was to be patterned on The Mysteries of Paris by the French author Eugene Sue.  Reynolds accepted the offer and began the serialized Mysteries of London.  The series lasted for four years, 1844-48.

Probably to the wonderment of Reynolds, and maybe all, his writing was a runaway success.  Mysteries of London sold as many as forty thousand copies per weekly installment.  Made his eyes sparkle.  He now had a platform to promulgate his social ideas and  political platform.

By 1844, when the series began, the Jews were pushing off English social mores seeking to create a counter Jewish Nation within the English Nation.

The significance of the Jewish Nation within England was recognized in 1809 by the reformer William Wilberforce.  While Wilberforce was battling to end slavery he also helped found the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews.  Thus the presence of the Jews has become conspicuous.  By the 1840s their presence had been duly noted.  While the Jews received scant notice in the first two series of Mysteries of London, in the third and fourth the Jewish issue quite emphatically took Reynolds attention.

Disraeli’s trilogy was published in 1844, ’45 and ’47 so that Reynolds obviously read them but doesn’t reference Disraeli by name although he does reference Lionel Rothschild.

.4.

The years 1830 through 1848 were years of revolution and revolutionary schemes in Europe and England.  In Europe the revolutions were violent indeed with perhaps a hundred thousand or more meeting their deaths until the revolutionary period from1789 through 1848 was vanquished, until 1903 and the first Russian Revolution.

In England the violence was minimized while the revolution was compelled to accept limited success.  Both the crown and the aristocracy were stripped of most of their privileges while the Commons became the most important of the three estates. 

Reynolds remained a dedicated violent revolutionary believing that only a revolution such as France’s 1793 episode in which the past was swept away in one fell swoop.  Reynolds admired and approved of this most violent revolution as it swept away the past allowing for an attempt to build back better.  Thus when the Chartist movement after 1839 was formed Reynolds was a charter member of the extremist sort.  While every effort has been employed to reduce his importance in the movement the rumbles are that he was positively disliked for his extremism, while the main body favored fabian tactics.  Disraeli, now a member of Parliament was content to bore from within.

I quote from Monypenny and Buckle’s The Life of Disreali, six volumes in two p.141:

Quote:

The quintessential issue was between an aristocratic government in its proper sense of the term—that is a government of the best men in all classes—and a democracy.  The English were a peculiar people.

Disraeli wrote:  ‘You have an ancient, powerful, richly endowed Church and perfect religious liberty.   You have unbroken order and complete freedom.  You have landed estates as large as the Romans, combined with commercial enterprise such as Carthage and Venice united never equalled.  And you must remember that this peculiar country, with these strong contrasts, is not governed by force; it is not governed by standing armies; it is governed by a most singular series of traditionary influences, which generation after generation cherishes because it knows they embalm custom, represent law.  And with these, what have you else?  You have created the greatest empire of modern time.  You have amassed a capital of fabulous amount. You have devised and sustained a system of credit still more marvelous.  And abroad, you have established and maintained a scheme so vast and complicated of labor and industry that the history of the world affords no parallel to it.  And all these mighty creations are out of all proportion to the essential and indigenous elements and resources of the country.  If you destroy that state of society, remember this—England cannot begin again.

Unquote, unquote.

Disraeli might as well have been describing the United State of the twentieth century.  Disraeli would then set about to dismantle what he had just described as his fellow Jews have done to the United States.  It must be remembered that the Old Testament of the Bible predicts that the Jews will inhabit houses that they didn’t build.  That means that they will move country to country (The House of Egypt, The House of England, France, Germany, the US etc.) and trash each moving on to the next.  Next in line is China.

Reynolds, on the other hand, favored a utopian fantasy of Chartist democracy.  A vision as absurd an any democratic fantasy as all democracies must ultimately fail as they dumb down the population to the lowest level.  Thus, the Jews while demanding an aristocracy of Judaism promotes democracy for everyone else.  The elite of a Nation and the Jewish Nation within the Nation ultimately work toward the same end with different results.

As of 2020 both England and the US have been trashed,

Reynolds then, ignorant of the inevitable results of democracy, and the tendencies of Judaism, wrestles with the problems in Series III and IV of the Mysteries of London.

.5.

Perhaps the trigger that led to the content of Series III & IV was the publication of Coningsby in 1844 at the same time that Reynolds was beginning Mysteries of London.  Coningsby was subtitled the New Generation, probably meaning the arrival of the Jews, while the meaning of Coningsby is that of the king’s manor or village, two significant names.  Compare the terms with Nathan Rothschilds, New Court.  Coningsby, the hero, then means a natural king. The story line of the two volumes must have begun germinating after that book’s,

 publication.  The second of Disraeli’s trilogy, Sybil was published in 1845 adding its impetus.  Thus Reynolds; mind masticated  the stories when he began the third series in 1846.

Coningsby must have been a startling book for England as Disraeli raved about the natural superiority of the Jews.  His portrait of Sidonia was based on Lionel Rothschild.  Sidonia was so outrageous as to be unbelievable.  Sidonia was characterized as a real superman; while Disraeli’s description of Jewish infiltration of all European governments must have been as shocking as Reynolds’ reaction indicates.

Indeed, those Jews were so many spies collecting information to be sent to the Rothschilds as the new messiahs of Europe.  The Rothschild story is so fabulous that they might well be considered the Jewish redeemers. With those means of collecting information it is no wonder that the Jews were informed of political developments almost before they were put into execution.  Inside information was a major source of their financial wizardry.

This Jewish seeming prescience was considered wonderful and baffling to Europeans.  The reasons are quite obvious today.  Only in the matters of the Dreyfus case in France was anyone caught.  The French correspondingly accused Dreyfus of passing info to the Germans which he certainly was not doing; he was passing info to the synagogue which used it for their own ends.

The cultural conflict in England more or less began when Charles Dickens published his novel Oliver Twist which featured the Jewish criminal character, Fagin.  It was not the portrayal of a Jew as a thief that directly set the Jews off as we all believe.  No, it was the fact that Fagin suffered the shame of being executed on the scaffold.  This was taken as an insult for all Jewry.  As Disraeli expressed it, all nations had criminals, Jews were to be seen everywhere with the exception of never, never being seen on the scaffold.  This was a crucial matter.  In twentieth century US when New York DA Thomas Dewey finally managed to arrest the originator of Murder Inc., the master criminal Lepke Buchalter, his fellow Jews worked like demons to prevent his conviction.  Once convicted on Federal offense and sentenced to be electrocuted, in a frenzy Jewish operative worked to their utmost to prevent the execution.  One can only imagine the machinations behind the scenes to send Buchalter to the chair.  Resistance failed and Buchalter was burned.

The indignity of a public execution as a common criminal was too much for them to endure.  That very likely explains what was the supreme insult when the aristocratic Jewish criminal Joseph ‘Jud Suss’ Oppenheimer not only was hanged but the authorities used a thirty foot high scaffold and an iron cage that could be seen for miles and remained up for years that was a constant shaming not to be endured without revenge.

Dicken’s was compelled, that is ordered, to remove the passage describing Fagin’s exposure from all future editions.  Undoubtedly word was put out to the literary community to not offend again.  The culture war was on.  The Jewish right to censorship was quietly established.

While Dickens either buckled, or his publishers did,  Reynolds was made of sterner stuff.  The only question was what course to take.  In Series III then,  He tried to show the Jews how to integrate into English society.   This they couldn’t take as they saw themselves as superior to the English.  Both father and son published books demanding English submission.  At the same time Isaac D’Israeli explained that they wished to remain exclusive in his book, The Genius of Judaism.  While the Frankfort ghetto, from when the Rothschild came, was certainly exclusive it was also demeaning. 

Now, in England, with their already enormous wealth the Rothchilds began creating dozens of palaces that outrivaled the English estates putting them far above the English aristocrats to maintain obvious exclusivity.

Reynolds then laid out an example of how to integrate with the English. As his Mysteries was selling tens of thousands of copies weekly his message was noticed by the Jewish community.  He was well read there and noted in the Jewish newspapers.  From their side, it is suspect that they resented this attempted indoctrination as much as they did the hanging of Fagin.  After all Reynolds was essentially telling them to integrate, that is, to abandon Jewish mores for English.  This was probably too close to the Catholic Church’s age old attempt to convert them.

Whether pressure was put on Reynolds I can’t say, nevertheless as the novel approached its end in a petulant outbreak Reynolds drew an extremely deprecating portrait of the meanest Jewish usurer that he could imagine.  Quite shocking really.  Devastating.

.6.

In the first and second series Reynolds was heavily under the influence of De Sade’s Justine and Juliette.  Virtue and vice.  Richard Markham then, was the male counterpart of Justine, or virtue, while Eugene Markham represented vice, or Juliette.  As the second series closes Eugene in assassinated as the result of his vice while Richard is exalted by his virtuous activities in Italian Castelcicala.  Thus Reynolds reversed De Sade’ notion of the superiority of vice.  For the story to be plausible it must be remembered that Italy was not yet united into a single State.

The ending of Series two implies the end of the story so that there is no reason to expect more hence a complete surprise when a reader discovers two more series or volumes.  Volumes that history had more or less swept under the rug.

In Reynolds’ terms he is redeeming himself for his youthful criminality as recorded in The Youthful Impostor, or a Youths Career In Crime.  In 1847 he  rewrote that book, first written when he was eighteen, as The Parricide, a much darker version.

Richard Markham’s redemption at the end of Series Two was imperfect and not completely satisfying to him so that Series Three begins with a complete mystery and surprise.  The new series built around the continuation of Richard Markham in Castelcicala and Reynolds’ fantasy of a complete and perfect triumph of democracy.

The main character amid  a host of very strong characters Serie three is a criminal by the name of Thomas Rainford, the last of the highwaymen. As the story opens Thomas Rainford, known as Tom Rain, stops a coach that contains Lady Georgiana  Hatfield and her friend.  Rain gallantly relieves Lady Hatfield of her cash but allows her to keep her jewellery.  As he disguises his voice while robbing the women we are left with the impression that he knows Lady Hatfield, she too thinks there is something familiar about the man.  Thus the story begins with a mystery that will take some time to resolve.

There may be some dark humor here that one will only get if one can connect the resolution of the mystery with this beginning.  Remember that Rain left the Lady with her jewels.  As we will learn Rain had robbed the Lady Georgiana once before.  At that time her beauty was so great that he lost control of himself and forced himself on her, raped her, that left her pregnant.  She bore the child but gave it way to conceal the fact that the greatest treasure of a women, her must valuable jewel, is her virginity, her purity.  Rain smirkingly telling her that he will leave her her jewels is a naughty reference to the fact that he had taken her most valuable jewel from her earlier.  While the joke is definitely in the text, if Reynolds planned that, he was a first rate genius.

Rain proceeds to London where he links up with the international criminal, Old Death—hideous looking fellow.  Old Death, perhaps the least impressive of Reynolds, great criminals—Tony Tidkins, the Resurrection Man, Old Death, Chiffen the Cannibal of the Lady Saxondale volume, and the Burker of the Fortunes of the Ashtons.  The Burker is closest in evil to the best, The Resurrection Man.  These criminals will leave you gasping for breath.

Through Old Death we learn that Rain  has a mistress, the beauteous Jewess, Tamar.  A little alarm goes off when we learn she is a Jewess, that this isgoing to be a Jewish story in the heart of the forties and in the middle of Disraeli’s trilogy.  Subsequently we are introduced to her sister Ester de Medina and her fine old Jewish parents Mr. and Mrs. de Medina.

Tamar and Ester are not twins but as the two were born nine months apart, perhaps they were almost twins because they were so close to each other in birth that they didn’t completely differentiate as Reynolds amusingly speculates.  So Ester and Tamar only appear to be twins to the careless eye.

So, now that we can connect the rest of the family to Tamar it looks like a full fledged Jewish story, and they do occupy three or four hundred pages of the mammoth novel.

So, Reynolds engages the Jews.  I speculate that Reynolds had read Isaac D’Israeli’s ‘The Genius Of Judaism’, and his son’s Coningsby and possibly Sybil, Tancred not have been issued at the time of writing,  and that he is in reaction to those writings.  Jews will occupy his attentions in III and IV as well as in The Wehrwolf also of 1847 and The Necromancer of 1851.

While he characterizes different types of Jews in his volumes, at this point, perhaps in reaction to The Genius of Judaism he appears to be showing the Jews how to integrate into English society rather than maintaining the complete separation described by Isaac in The Genius of Judaism. His son’s version of Jews and English is a reflection of Isaac’s vision.

According to Isaac in his The Genius of Judaism a whole set of procedures were put in place to guarantee separation of Jews and Gentiles.  Actually, since Jews inhabit Houses they don’t build, that is other nations, a rigid set of regulations is necessary.  Yet, every year a large percentage falls away else the Jewish population would be much larger.  Only the dedicated remain; those who recognize the fatuousness of the belief system move on.

The Rothschilds themselves were considered messiahs, with some justification, by the faithful.   Thus, Reynolds attempting to show his set of Jews how to assimilate perfectly is committing the Catholic crime of proselytizing.  His attitude seems somewhat ambiguous.  The greatest challenge to Mr. de Menil, who by the way, appears to be Sephardic not Ashkenazi.  The difference is important since non—Jews considered the Sephardics much more respectable than the Ashkenazi, as did  Jews themselves.  The de Menils may have lived in England for four hundred years, living in disguise.  The D’Israelis themselves according to Benjamin must have been Sephardics because their ancestors were expelled from Spain in 1492, exiled to Venice, while arriving in England about 1740 where the picking were better, I mean, for a better life.  The Rothschilds were Ashkenazi so that Isaac’s ancestry was superior to the Rothschild’s riches.

Reynolds was a Liberal and he exhibited all the faults that Liberals do today.  For instance he had some very strange notions of criminal reformation.  In a critical situation he had imprisoned his adversary, Old Death in one of Old Death’s subterranean cells completely denied light.  Apparently Reynolds’ sincere belief was that that if a criminal was imprisoned in darkness for a period he would ponder the error of his ways and hence reform when the blessed light was restored.  Then he could be guided to complete restoration of honesty if treated decently.  Old Death had been imprisoned with a few of his gang.  According to Reynolds, his scheme of reformation worked perfectly, except for Old Death.  The rest were completely reformed and released into society ever thankful to Rain.

So, Rains scheme worked well for those former criminals.  Old Death however was an inveterate, hardened criminal.  He knew well how to dissimulate and fool Rain.  The next part is so nutty that one would have to question Reynolds’ intelligence.  Believing that the tender attention of the female sex might jolly Old Death along he employed the beautiful and sympathetic Ester de Menil to lead Old Death on.  Ester speaks to Old Death through a grate in the door.  Old Death is laughing up his sleeve as he deludes Ester and Rain that the plan to convert him is succeeding.  The great prize of having the door opened is obtained by Old Death.

However  before this circumstances call Rain and Ester away so that he substitutes his wife Tamara for Ester  Remember she looks like a twin.  Tamara without instructions is naïve.  Old Death persuades her to open the door and actually come inside.  He then pounces on her and beats her to death, smashing her beautiful face in on vengeance to Rain.  Because the two women look so alike he believes he is killing Ester not Tamar.

What is going on in Reynolds’ mind here?  In a few months Rain and Georgiana Hatfield will become reconciled and marry.  It is necessary then for Tamara to be put aside some how and murdering her was the solution.  Old Death’s hatred of Rain would explain the brutal murder of Tamar and her defacement as Old Death believed Esther was Rain’s wife but still the murder is so repulsive that one is led to believe that Reynolds had an ulterior motive.  The irony of Old Death thinking that Ester was Rain’s wife and then killing his actual wife by mistake is one of those little twists that Reynolds employs continually that keeps the reader on his toes.

.7.

After having turned the grateful De Menils into English people Reynolds goes on into a longish diatribe on Judaism.  While Reynolds is supposed to have been read mainly by the working class or read to illiterates by professional readers that may been exaggerated.  Consider this passage:

Quote:

We have been much gratified in observing that our attempts to vindicate the Jews against most of the unjust charges that it seems to be a traditionary fashion to level against them, haven’t passed unnoticed.  All the Jewish papers have quoted the passage at page 172 of the series of “The Mysteries of London”.  Many provincial journals have transferred it to their columns; and in No. 173 pf Chambers Edinburgh Journal (New Series) it was printed with the following record of approval on the part of the editors of that well considered periodical: 
 We cordially agree in the openly defense of a cruelly misrepresented people.

Unquote.

Obviously his readers included a fair number of Jews including Jewish newspaper editors which may indicate that he was being monitored to detect anti-Jewish tendencies.  In the Shires he also must have had a readership among those following literature.  If editors of the Two Nations snipped excerpts out of the installments he was taken quite seriously.

Indeed, in these two series he frequently appears to preach and in quite elevated language and concepts.  It is difficult to believe that installments that professional readers read to illiterate listeners could be understood by them.  Or perhaps they ended up like Richard Markham’s butler who admired and humourously mispronounced big words but little understood them.

I, myself, have dealt with illiterates who quite cleverly listened closely to what I was saying and then cleverly paraphrased my words and contents back seeming to further the conversation.  Remarkable to myself, while if they heard me and repeated me I was quite impressed with my own original delivery.

Having then done the honors to the Jews, he later in the volume  presents the Jews that were not righteous and apparently not misrepresented.  He turns to a usurer, which type he seems to be very familiar with, who grinds his debtors into the dust with great pleasure and no remorse.  A quite savage attack compared to his adulation of the de Menils.  One wonders how Jewish editors reacted to this version of the Jew.  The Jewish usurer is represented many times in the corpus, each of a different type.

But English society was evolving.  Coningsby was published in 1844 while his Tancred was published in 1847 that cast the Jewish situation in an updated light just before the revolution of 1848.  One must believe that Disraeli was aware of the machinations set to occur in 1848. The coming of that revolution seems to have been an open secret. In ‘Tancred or the New Crusade’ the new crusade was to originate in the Middle East and roll over Europe reversing the old crusade.  While, to my knowledge the 1848 revolution didn’t originate in the Middle East it was certainly difficult to suppress.  Disraeli says the ’48 was originated and executed wholly by the Jews, for what that’s worth.

Floods of defeated revolutionaries fled for the safety of the United States.  That was the first really large number of Jews to emigrate to the US.  As fortune would have it the US was in the midst of an unparalleled   industrial, technological and territorial expansion that provided unheard of opportunities.  The ’48 Jews prospered accordingly so that when the Eastern Jews of the Pale began to be transferred from Europe to America in the 70s and 80s they were rapidly absorbed in what become Jewish industries, among them the needle trades and movies.

With the failure of ’48 hope seemed to vanish from Reynold’s breast.  Terminating his Mysteries of London in 1848 he began his next great work, moving back from a disappointing present to the days of George III and the Regency of George IV. 

His fantastic vision of Richard Markham’s successes in Castelcicala and utopian views of the perfect democracy freed from hereditary aristocracy and monarchy by Richard take up a fair portion of  Series III and IV.

While his mind was occupied by those visions, the Jewish situation was reaching crisis proportions.  His novel was apparently read, discussed and pondered by the Jewish population but they disregarded his assimilationist advice.  He became disillusioned and an alarmist when he realized that the Jewish desire was, for the nonce anyway, a dual monarchy.  Remember that Nathan Rothschild’s establishment was titled The New Court.

Lionel bullied his way into Parliament as a Jew on his own terms in the mid-fifties.  The probability was noted as early as 1851 when George published his novel The Necromancer.  Using an allegorical approach, placing the novel in the time of Henry VIII he warned of the arrival of the dual kingship.

Perhaps warned away, one can’t confirm it as yet, George turned more to historical romances and his ‘biographical’ novels.

By 1860 England had entered into a more mature or post phase of the Industrial Revolution moving into the Scientific Revolution heralded by Darwin’s Origin of Species published in 1859.  Reynolds was no futurist, he left that to men like Jules Vern, his specialty was the past. George ended his career as a novelist to concentrate on his famous newspaper that survived until 19, that’s nineteen, 67.  Disraeli  prospered through the period realizing his life’s dream to become Prime Minister.  Reynolds died in 1879 having realized his dream of becoming a Man of the World.  Disraeli died in 1881, Lionel Rothschild in 1880, closing the era.

Time Traveling 18:

George W. M. Reynolds And The Two Nations

by

R.E. Prindle

The Forties were a momentous period in nineteenth century England. It was one of their transition points from one societal organization to another.  The people of England were stumbling out of the eighteenth century into the nineteenth with all its technological and scientific revelations. The Napoleonic wars had put a period to the eighteenth and the nineteenth blossomed.

Perhaps unnoticed for what it was the emancipation of the Jews begun by Napoleon was about to transform the face of Europe and England.  Nowhere was this more clearly evident than in the country of England.

By the 1840s it was clear to the perceptive that there was a coming cultural clash between the Jews and English. As is usual with great changes, artists and writers were the first to grasp that there was a culture war in progress.  Pre-eminent among the writers concerned with the two nations was the great novelist George W. M. Reynolds, the author of Mysteries of London.

From the Jewish side the most overt writers were the future Prime Minister, Benjamin Disraeli and his father Isaac D’Israeli.  Both writers blazed across the decade of the Forties.

In this essay we will be concerned with Reynolds’ four series of Mysteries of London.  I follow the Valancourt two series, two volumes  edition.  The first two series or volumes have current publication  while the latter two series have been eclipsed by the passage of time.  Reynolds himself had been eclipsed by the passage of time but English scholar Louis James’ effort seems headed for a revival of interest.  Valancourt Press has released  : The Mysteries of London Series I&II, Wagner the Wehrwolf and The Necromancer.  In 1919 a San Bernardino firm with no name published a printing of III and IV, which I have, but the edition has sold through and is no longer available at this time.  Several different volumes published by the British Library can still be had, they are discontinued, the Library seems to have lost interest in Reynolds and remaindered the lot.  Some are still readily available at Ebay and possibly Amazon.

A problem might be that the end of second series seems to indicate the end of the Mysteries but such is not the case for while Series Three doesn’t pick up where Series Two ended is nevertheless a long continuation along with Series Four bringing the total number of pages of the four series  to nearly five thousand.

The volumes of Benjamin Disraeli to figure prominently in this essay will be his trilogy Coningsby, Sybil and Tancred.  Benjamin Disraeli was of course the most prominent politician of the English nineteenth century. Being in Parliament in the forties he published these three political novels then ended his writing career until 1870 when Lothair appeared followed in 1980 by his Endymion.

Of stellar importance will be his father Isaac D’ Israeli’s, Genius of the Jews, whose teaching formed his son’s understanding of the Jewish Nation.  The book was also meant a manual for non-Jews as to how they were to perceive the Jewish Nation.  At this time in England little was known of the Jewish Nation.

.2.

 From the year 1290 to 1660 Jews were banned from England.  Allowed re-entry in 1660, immigration to England began slowly, by the end of the eighteenth century there was a small colony of perhaps several thousand who, staying within their colony in the East End were not disrupting English society.  That situation had changed dramatically by the 1840s when the culture clash arrived with a bang.

By the 1840s the Rothschild banking family of the Nation was the richest family in England eclipsing preeminent families of the English Nation by far.  The modern palace of Mentmore Towers built in 1854 excelled all English manors in splendor.  Built in the Vale of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, the Vale became the location of many Rothschild mansions.  Isaac D’ Israeli establish himself at Bradenham in Bucks. while his son would establish himself at neighboring Hughenden.  Thus the Vale became a Jewish principality.  The Vale would figure prominently in the writings of Reynolds.

The rise of the English Jewish Nation began in 1806 when the dynasties founder, Nathan Rothschild, made his first coup by smuggling English gold across France and Spain to General Wellington’s army on the Spanish Peninsula.  Nathan’s next coup, that established the family fortune, came with the success of British arms against Napoleon at Waterloo.

When Nathan died in 1836 he turned the dynasty over to his son Lionel who was a worthy successor.  Lionel would rule the roost from 1836 to 1880 paralleling the career of Benjamin Disraeli in the heart of the nineteenth century.  It was he who broke the British square.  Shortly after Nathan’s death Disraeli was given a safe seat in Parliament in 1837, after having placed last in balloting four consecutive elections.

The Rothchild/Disraeli link would last until Lionel died.  Now linked with the Rothschilds and in Parliament Disraeli quickly wrote the trilogy that outlined the Jewish Nation’s position- Coningsby, Sybil and Tancred.  These novels lauded his Nation while in Tancred he proposed a New Crusade leading from Palestine across Europe to England.

Every member of Parliament had to take an oath as a Christian, while Disraeli, as a Jew, took Jesus’ view that he came to fulfil the law of the Old Testament.  Thus, while accepting Jesus as a Jewish savior becoming a nominal Christian he could take the oath in good conscience while maintaining a dual religiosity.

There were already Jewish members of Parliament but they had falsely taken the oath.  Lionel ran for Parliament, was elected to one of the six City seats, but refused the oath desiring to be admitted as member of the Jewish Nation only.  He was refused but repeatedly ran and was reelected as one of the six City members.  Finally in the mid fifties he was able to corrupt the procedures of the English Nation seating himself as a member of the Jewish Nation, but not the English Nation.  The Jews at this point had parity as the Jewish Nation functioning within the English Nation.  The two nations had come into existence.

.3.

George W.M. Reynolds was also a revolutionary but an English national.  Born in 1814 to an English Navy Captain, he spent the years between two and eight on the island of Guernsey where his father was stationed.  The family returned to England in 1822 in which year his father died.  The next five years he was under the guardianship of his father’s best friend, Duncan McArthur, who was a Naval physician stationed at Walmer, Kent.  At the end of the period McArthur placed the thirteen year old boy as a cadet at the Sandhurst Military Academy.  George had apparently been at odds with his father, but hated Duncan McArthur, who, as his father and mother’s executor, probably defrauded him of a large part of his inheritance.

No longer able to stand military discipline, after his mother died in March of 1830, Reynolds removed himself from Sandhurst.  He exiled himself to France at the end of 1830.  Eighteen-thirty was the year of the second French revolution, called the July Revolution, with its three glorious days. In France, Reynolds became a thorough revolutionary favoring violent revolution.  In 1836 he was asked to leave France under a criminal cloud.  Returning to England he began his literary career as the editor of the Monthly Magazine.

In 1832 the first Reform Act was made law in England.  As a consequence of the Reform Act a worker’s party called the Chartists emerged in which Reynolds served a prominent role.  Having written several creditable novels between 1835 and 1842 but which failed  to establish him as a successful author he was invited by the publisher George Stiff to serialize a novel for his magazine the London Journal.  The novel was to be patterned on The Mysteries of Paris by the French author Eugene Sue.  Reynolds accepted the offer and began the serialized Mysteries of London.  The series lasted for four years, 1844-48.

Probably to the wonderment of Reynolds, and maybe all, his writing was a runaway success.  Mysteries of London sold as many as forty thousand copies per weekly installment.  Made his eyes sparkle.  He now had a platform to promulgate his social ideas and  political platform.

By 1844, when the series began, the Jews were pushing off English social mores seeking to create a counter Jewish Nation within the English Nation.

The significance of the Jewish Nation within England was recognized in 1809 by the reformer William Wilberforce.  While Wilberforce was battling to end slavery he also helped found the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews.  Thus the presence of the Jews has become conspicuous.  By the 1840s their presence had been duly noted.  While the Jews received scant notice in the first two series of Mysteries of London, in the third and fourth the Jewish issue quite emphatically took Reynolds attention.

Disraeli’s trilogy was published in 1844, ’45 and ’47 so that Reynolds obviously read them but doesn’t reference Disraeli by name although he does reference Lionel Rothschild.

.4.

The years 1830 through 1848 were years of revolution and revolutionary schemes in Europe and England.  In Europe the revolutions were violent indeed with perhaps a hundred thousand or more meeting their deaths until the revolutionary period from1789 through 1848 was vanquished, until 1903 and the first Russian Revolution.

In England the violence was minimized while the revolution was compelled to accept limited success.  Both the crown and the aristocracy were stripped of most of their privileges while the Commons became the most important of the three estates. 

Reynolds remained a dedicated violent revolutionary believing that only a revolution such as France’s 1793 episode in which the past was swept away in one fell swoop.  Reynolds admired and approved of this most violent revolution as it swept away the past allowing for an attempt to build back better.  Thus when the Chartist movement after 1839 was formed Reynolds was a charter member of the extremist sort.  While every effort has been employed to reduce his importance in the movement the rumbles are that he was positively disliked for his extremism, while the main body favored fabian tactics.  Disraeli, now a member of Parliament was content to bore from within.

I quote from Monypenny and Buckle’s The Life of Disreali, six volumes in two p.141:

Quote:

The quintessential issue was between an aristocratic government in its proper sense of the term—that is a government of the best men in all classes—and a democracy.  The English were a peculiar people.

Disraeli wrote:  ‘You have an ancient, powerful, richly endowed Church and perfect religious liberty.   You have unbroken order and complete freedom.  You have landed estates as large as the Romans, combined with commercial enterprise such as Carthage and Venice united never equalled.  And you must remember that this peculiar country, with these strong contrasts, is not governed by force; it is not governed by standing armies; it is governed by a most singular series of traditionary influences, which generation after generation cherishes because it knows they embalm custom, represent law.  And with these, what have you else?  You have created the greatest empire of modern time.  You have amassed a capital of fabulous amount. You have devised and sustained a system of credit still more marvelous.  And abroad, you have established and maintained a scheme so vast and complicated of labor and industry that the history of the world affords no parallel to it.  And all these mighty creations are out of all proportion to the essential and indigenous elements and resources of the country.  If you destroy that state of society, remember this—England cannot begin again.

Unquote, unquote.

Disraeli might as well have been describing the United State of the twentieth century.  Disraeli would then set about to dismantle what he had just described as his fellow Jews have done to the United States.  It must be remembered that the Old Testament of the Bible predicts that the Jews will inhabit houses that they didn’t build.  That means that they will move country to country (The House of Egypt, The House of England, France, Germany, the US etc.) and trash each moving on to the next.  Next in line is China.

Reynolds, on the other hand, favored a utopian fantasy of Chartist democracy.  A vision as absurd an any democratic fantasy as all democracies must ultimately fail as they dumb down the population to the lowest level.  Thus, the Jews while demanding an aristocracy of Judaism promotes democracy for everyone else.  The elite of a Nation and the Jewish Nation within the Nation ultimately work toward the same end with different results.

As of 2020 both England and the US have been trashed,

Reynolds then, ignorant of the inevitable results of democracy, and the tendencies of Judaism, wrestles with the problems in Series III and IV of the Mysteries of London.

.5.

Perhaps the trigger that led to the content of Series III & IV was the publication of Coningsby in 1844 at the same time that Reynolds was beginning Mysteries of London.  Coningsby was subtitled the New Generation, probably meaning the arrival of the Jews, while the meaning of Coningsby is that of the king’s manor or village, two significant names.  Compare the terms with Nathan Rothschilds, New Court.  Coningsby, the hero, then means a natural king. The story line of the two volumes must have begun germinating after that book’s,

 publication.  The second of Disraeli’s trilogy, Sybil was published in 1845 adding its impetus.  Thus Reynolds; mind masticated  the stories when he began the third series in 1846.

Coningsby must have been a startling book for England as Disraeli raved about the natural superiority of the Jews.  His portrait of Sidonia was based on Lionel Rothschild.  Sidonia was so outrageous as to be unbelievable.  Sidonia was characterized as a real superman; while Disraeli’s description of Jewish infiltration of all European governments must have been as shocking as Reynolds’ reaction indicates.

Indeed, those Jews were so many spies collecting information to be sent to the Rothschilds as the new messiahs of Europe.  The Rothschild story is so fabulous that they might well be considered the Jewish redeemers. With those means of collecting information it is no wonder that the Jews were informed of political developments almost before they were put into execution.  Inside information was a major source of their financial wizardry.

This Jewish seeming prescience was considered wonderful and baffling to Europeans.  The reasons are quite obvious today.  Only in the matters of the Dreyfus case in France was anyone caught.  The French correspondingly accused Dreyfus of passing info to the Germans which he certainly was not doing; he was passing info to the synagogue which used it for their own ends.

The cultural conflict in England more or less began when Charles Dickens published his novel Oliver Twist which featured the Jewish criminal character, Fagin.  It was not the portrayal of a Jew as a thief that directly set the Jews off as we all believe.  No, it was the fact that Fagin suffered the shame of being executed on the scaffold.  This was taken as an insult for all Jewry.  As Disraeli expressed it, all nations had criminals, Jews were to be seen everywhere with the exception of never, never being seen on the scaffold.  This was a crucial matter.  In twentieth century US when New York DA Thomas Dewey finally managed to arrest the originator of Murder Inc., the master criminal Lepke Buchalter, his fellow Jews worked like demons to prevent his conviction.  Once convicted on Federal offense and sentenced to be electrocuted, in a frenzy Jewish operative worked to their utmost to prevent the execution.  One can only imagine the machinations behind the scenes to send Buchalter to the chair.  Resistance failed and Buchalter was burned.

The indignity of a public execution as a common criminal was too much for them to endure.  That very likely explains what was the supreme insult when the aristocratic Jewish criminal Joseph ‘Jud Suss’ Oppenheimer not only was hanged but the authorities used a thirty foot high scaffold and an iron cage that could be seen for miles and remained up for years that was a constant shaming not to be endured without revenge.

Dicken’s was compelled, that is ordered, to remove the passage describing Fagin’s exposure from all future editions.  Undoubtedly word was put out to the literary community to not offend again.  The culture war was on.  The Jewish right to censorship was quietly established.

While Dickens either buckled, or his publishers did,  Reynolds was made of sterner stuff.  The only question was what course to take.  In Series III then,  He tried to show the Jews how to integrate into English society.   This they couldn’t take as they saw themselves as superior to the English.  Both father and son published books demanding English submission.  At the same time Isaac D’Israeli explained that they wished to remain exclusive in his book, The Genius of Judaism.  While the Frankfort ghetto, from when the Rothschild came, was certainly exclusive it was also demeaning. 

Now, in England, with their already enormous wealth the Rothchilds began creating dozens of palaces that outrivaled the English estates putting them far above the English aristocrats to maintain obvious exclusivity.

Reynolds then laid out an example of how to integrate with the English. As his Mysteries was selling tens of thousands of copies weekly his message was noticed by the Jewish community.  He was well read there and noted in the Jewish newspapers.  From their side, it is suspect that they resented this attempted indoctrination as much as they did the hanging of Fagin.  After all Reynolds was essentially telling them to integrate, that is, to abandon Jewish mores for English.  This was probably too close to the Catholic Church’s age old attempt to convert them.

Whether pressure was put on Reynolds I can’t say, nevertheless as the novel approached its end in a petulant outbreak Reynolds drew an extremely deprecating portrait of the meanest Jewish usurer that he could imagine.  Quite shocking really.  Devastating.

.6.

In the first and second series Reynolds was heavily under the influence of De Sade’s Justine and Juliette.  Virtue and vice.  Richard Markham then, was the male counterpart of Justine, or virtue, while Eugene Markham represented vice, or Juliette.  As the second series closes Eugene in assassinated as the result of his vice while Richard is exalted by his virtuous activities in Italian Castelcicala.  Thus Reynolds reversed De Sade’ notion of the superiority of vice.  For the story to be plausible it must be remembered that Italy was not yet united into a single State.

The ending of Series two implies the end of the story so that there is no reason to expect more hence a complete surprise when a reader discovers two more series or volumes.  Volumes that history had more or less swept under the rug.

In Reynolds’ terms he is redeeming himself for his youthful criminality as recorded in The Youthful Impostor, or a Youths Career In Crime.  In 1847 he  rewrote that book, first written when he was eighteen, as The Parricide, a much darker version.

Richard Markham’s redemption at the end of Series Two was imperfect and not completely satisfying to him so that Series Three begins with a complete mystery and surprise.  The new series built around the continuation of Richard Markham in Castelcicala and Reynolds’ fantasy of a complete and perfect triumph of democracy.

The main character amid  a host of very strong characters Serie three is a criminal by the name of Thomas Rainford, the last of the highwaymen. As the story opens Thomas Rainford, known as Tom Rain, stops a coach that contains Lady Georgiana  Hatfield and her friend.  Rain gallantly relieves Lady Hatfield of her cash but allows her to keep her jewellery.  As he disguises his voice while robbing the women we are left with the impression that he knows Lady Hatfield, she too thinks there is something familiar about the man.  Thus the story begins with a mystery that will take some time to resolve.

There may be some dark humor here that one will only get if one can connect the resolution of the mystery with this beginning.  Remember that Rain left the Lady with her jewels.  As we will learn Rain had robbed the Lady Georgiana once before.  At that time her beauty was so great that he lost control of himself and forced himself on her, raped her, that left her pregnant.  She bore the child but gave it way to conceal the fact that the greatest treasure of a women, her must valuable jewel, is her virginity, her purity.  Rain smirkingly telling her that he will leave her her jewels is a naughty reference to the fact that he had taken her most valuable jewel from her earlier.  While the joke is definitely in the text, if Reynolds planned that, he was a first rate genius.

Rain proceeds to London where he links up with the international criminal, Old Death—hideous looking fellow.  Old Death, perhaps the least impressive of Reynolds, great criminals—Tony Tidkins, the Resurrection Man, Old Death, Chiffen the Cannibal of the Lady Saxondale volume, and the Burker of the Fortunes of the Ashtons.  The Burker is closest in evil to the best, The Resurrection Man.  These criminals will leave you gasping for breath.

Through Old Death we learn that Rain  has a mistress, the beauteous Jewess, Tamar.  A little alarm goes off when we learn she is a Jewess, that this isgoing to be a Jewish story in the heart of the forties and in the middle of Disraeli’s trilogy.  Subsequently we are introduced to her sister Ester de Medina and her fine old Jewish parents Mr. and Mrs. de Medina.

Tamar and Ester are not twins but as the two were born nine months apart, perhaps they were almost twins because they were so close to each other in birth that they didn’t completely differentiate as Reynolds amusingly speculates.  So Ester and Tamar only appear to be twins to the careless eye.

So, now that we can connect the rest of the family to Tamar it looks like a full fledged Jewish story, and they do occupy three or four hundred pages of the mammoth novel.

So, Reynolds engages the Jews.  I speculate that Reynolds had read Isaac D’Israeli’s ‘The Genius Of Judaism’, and his son’s Coningsby and possibly Sybil, Tancred not have been issued at the time of writing,  and that he is in reaction to those writings.  Jews will occupy his attentions in III and IV as well as in The Wehrwolf also of 1847 and The Necromancer of 1851.

While he characterizes different types of Jews in his volumes, at this point, perhaps in reaction to The Genius of Judaism he appears to be showing the Jews how to integrate into English society rather than maintaining the complete separation described by Isaac in The Genius of Judaism. His son’s version of Jews and English is a reflection of Isaac’s vision.

According to Isaac in his The Genius of Judaism a whole set of procedures were put in place to guarantee separation of Jews and Gentiles.  Actually, since Jews inhabit Houses they don’t build, that is other nations, a rigid set of regulations is necessary.  Yet, every year a large percentage falls away else the Jewish population would be much larger.  Only the dedicated remain; those who recognize the fatuousness of the belief system move on.

The Rothschilds themselves were considered messiahs, with some justification, by the faithful.   Thus, Reynolds attempting to show his set of Jews how to assimilate perfectly is committing the Catholic crime of proselytizing.  His attitude seems somewhat ambiguous.  The greatest challenge to Mr. de Menil, who by the way, appears to be Sephardic not Ashkenazi.  The difference is important since non—Jews considered the Sephardics much more respectable than the Ashkenazi, as did  Jews themselves.  The de Menils may have lived in England for four hundred years, living in disguise.  The D’Israelis themselves according to Benjamin must have been Sephardics because their ancestors were expelled from Spain in 1492, exiled to Venice, while arriving in England about 1740 where the picking were better, I mean, for a better life.  The Rothschilds were Ashkenazi so that Isaac’s ancestry was superior to the Rothschild’s riches.

Reynolds was a Liberal and he exhibited all the faults that Liberals do today.  For instance he had some very strange notions of criminal reformation.  In a critical situation he had imprisoned his adversary, Old Death in one of Old Death’s subterranean cells completely denied light.  Apparently Reynolds’ sincere belief was that that if a criminal was imprisoned in darkness for a period he would ponder the error of his ways and hence reform when the blessed light was restored.  Then he could be guided to complete restoration of honesty if treated decently.  Old Death had been imprisoned with a few of his gang.  According to Reynolds, his scheme of reformation worked perfectly, except for Old Death.  The rest were completely reformed and released into society ever thankful to Rain.

So, Rains scheme worked well for those former criminals.  Old Death however was an inveterate, hardened criminal.  He knew well how to dissimulate and fool Rain.  The next part is so nutty that one would have to question Reynolds’ intelligence.  Believing that the tender attention of the female sex might jolly Old Death along he employed the beautiful and sympathetic Ester de Menil to lead Old Death on.  Ester speaks to Old Death through a grate in the door.  Old Death is laughing up his sleeve as he deludes Ester and Rain that the plan to convert him is succeeding.  The great prize of having the door opened is obtained by Old Death.

However  before this circumstances call Rain and Ester away so that he substitutes his wife Tamara for Ester  Remember she looks like a twin.  Tamara without instructions is naïve.  Old Death persuades her to open the door and actually come inside.  He then pounces on her and beats her to death, smashing her beautiful face in on vengeance to Rain.  Because the two women look so alike he believes he is killing Ester not Tamar.

What is going on in Reynolds’ mind here?  In a few months Rain and Georgiana Hatfield will become reconciled and marry.  It is necessary then for Tamara to be put aside some how and murdering her was the solution.  Old Death’s hatred of Rain would explain the brutal murder of Tamar and her defacement as Old Death believed Esther was Rain’s wife but still the murder is so repulsive that one is led to believe that Reynolds had an ulterior motive.  The irony of Old Death thinking that Ester was Rain’s wife and then killing his actual wife by mistake is one of those little twists that Reynolds employs continually that keeps the reader on his toes.

.7.

After having turned the grateful De Menils into English people Reynolds goes on into a longish diatribe on Judaism.  While Reynolds is supposed to have been read mainly by the working class or read to illiterates by professional readers that may been exaggerated.  Consider this passage:

Quote:

We have been much gratified in observing that our attempts to vindicate the Jews against most of the unjust charges that it seems to be a traditionary fashion to level against them, haven’t passed unnoticed.  All the Jewish papers have quoted the passage at page 172 of the series of “The Mysteries of London”.  Many provincial journals have transferred it to their columns; and in No. 173 pf Chambers Edinburgh Journal (New Series) it was printed with the following record of approval on the part of the editors of that well considered periodical: 
 We cordially agree in the openly defense of a cruelly misrepresented people.

Unquote.

Obviously his readers included a fair number of Jews including Jewish newspaper editors which may indicate that he was being monitored to detect anti-Jewish tendencies.  In the Shires he also must have had a readership among those following literature.  If editors of the Two Nations snipped excerpts out of the installments he was taken quite seriously.

Indeed, in these two series he frequently appears to preach and in quite elevated language and concepts.  It is difficult to believe that installments that professional readers read to illiterate listeners could be understood by them.  Or perhaps they ended up like Richard Markham’s butler who admired and humourously mispronounced big words but little understood them.

I, myself, have dealt with illiterates who quite cleverly listened closely to what I was saying and then cleverly paraphrased my words and contents back seeming to further the conversation.  Remarkable to myself, while if they heard me and repeated me I was quite impressed with my own original delivery.

Having then done the honors to the Jews, he later in the volume  presents the Jews that were not righteous and apparently not misrepresented.  He turns to a usurer, which type he seems to be very familiar with, who grinds his debtors into the dust with great pleasure and no remorse.  A quite savage attack compared to his adulation of the de Menils.  One wonders how Jewish editors reacted to this version of the Jew.  The Jewish usurer is represented many times in the corpus, each of a different type.

But English society was evolving.  Coningsby was published in 1844 while his Tancred was published in 1847 that cast the Jewish situation in an updated light just before the revolution of 1848.  One must believe that Disraeli was aware of the machinations set to occur in 1848. The coming of that revolution seems to have been an open secret. In ‘Tancred or the New Crusade’ the new crusade was to originate in the Middle East and roll over Europe reversing the old crusade.  While, to my knowledge the 1848 revolution didn’t originate in the Middle East it was certainly difficult to suppress.  Disraeli says the ’48 was originated and executed wholly by the Jews, for what that’s worth.

Floods of defeated revolutionaries fled for the safety of the United States.  That was the first really large number of Jews to emigrate to the US.  As fortune would have it the US was in the midst of an unparalleled   industrial, technological and territorial expansion that provided unheard of opportunities.  The ’48 Jews prospered accordingly so that when the Eastern Jews of the Pale began to be transferred from Europe to America in the 70s and 80s they were rapidly absorbed in what become Jewish industries, among them the needle trades and movies.

With the failure of ’48 hope seemed to vanish from Reynold’s breast.  Terminating his Mysteries of London in 1848 he began his next great work, moving back from a disappointing present to the days of George III and the Regency of George IV. 

His fantastic vision of Richard Markham’s successes in Castelcicala and utopian views of the perfect democracy freed from hereditary aristocracy and monarchy by Richard take up a fair portion of  Series III and IV.

While his mind was occupied by those visions, the Jewish situation was reaching crisis proportions.  His novel was apparently read, discussed and pondered by the Jewish population but they disregarded his assimilationist advice.  He became disillusioned and an alarmist when he realized that the Jewish desire was, for the nonce anyway, a dual monarchy.  Remember that Nathan Rothschild’s establishment was titled The New Court.

Lionel bullied his way into Parliament as a Jew on his own terms in the mid-fifties.  The probability was noted as early as 1851 when George published his novel The Necromancer.  Using an allegorical approach, placing the novel in the time of Henry VIII he warned of the arrival of the dual kingship.

Perhaps warned away, one can’t confirm it as yet, George turned more to historical romances and his ‘biographical’ novels.

By 1860 England had entered into a more mature or post phase of the Industrial Revolution moving into the Scientific Revolution heralded by Darwin’s Origin of Species published in 1859.  Reynolds was no futurist, he left that to men like Jules Vern, his specialty was the past. George ended his career as a novelist to concentrate on his famous newspaper that survived until 19, that’s nineteen, 67.  Disraeli  prospered through the period realizing his life’s dream to become Prime Minister.  Reynolds died in 1879 having realized his dream of becoming a Man of the World.  Disraeli died in 1881, Lionel Rothschild in 1880, closing the era.

Note #11

George W. M. Reynolds And George Stiff

by

R.E. Prindle

When I first suggested that Reynolds’ inspiration for The Mysteries of London was a commission by George Stiff who published The London magazine I thought I was making a mere speculation.  I can now confirm that speculation to be fact.

At the end of the fourth series Stiff posts an ad for the coming fifth series to be written by Thomas Miller to be subtitled Lights and Shadows of London Life.

The ad quoted in full following:

Quote:

The Proprietor of ‘Mysteries of London’ having at present, his opportunity of carrying out his original design –viz. that of presenting the public with faithful and unexaggerated sketches of every class of society forming the “world of London” has determined on submitting  to his readers a new series of “Mysteries of London” and which will be from the pen of a writer of the eminent reputation.

THOMAS MILLER, Esq.,

[A list of Miller’s titles]

The new series will be entitled “Mysteries of London, or Lights and Shadows of London Life.”

Unquote.

Sriff’s ad says a great deal.  First off, he calls the readers his, rather than Reynolds.  A cardinal mistake.  Then he wears the mask ‘Proprietor’ rather  then announcing himself as George Stiff, the proprietor.  Then he quietly castigates Reynolds for perverting his original design of a genteel survey of London along the lines, one supposes, of Charles Wright, Henry Mayhew or even, Charles Dickens.  Instead of a polite portrayal of ‘every class’ he got a writer who pretty much dealt realistically with the criminal class and sordid stories.  It seems pretty clear that his and Reynolds’ relationship was rather stormy as he considered Reynolds’ work ‘unfaithful and exaggerated.’ 

Thus he is offering ‘his’ readers a new story from the pen of ‘a ‘writer of the most eminent reputation.’  Thus, he implies that Reynold’s was a disreputable writer with a terrible reputation, one with which he didn’t care to be associated.

Stiff then, owns the title Mysteries of London and Reynolds was writing for him on hire hence unentitled to the copyright.  Reynolds wrote his masterpiece for five pounds a week payable on delivery of his copy every Friday night.  While Reynolds undoubtedly did read Eugene Sue’s Mysteries of Paris perhaps basing his version of London on it, he only began on Stiff’s employment of him as is evident from the wobbly beginning.

It appears that no matter how successful, and Reynold’s work was, and he was very successful, Stiff detested it as too racy; he desired something respectable along the lines of Dickens’ Household Words.  As with most ‘proprietor’s he thought that now that he had a successful proprietor which, he, after all, suggested to ‘his’ writer he could dispense  with the disreputable Renolds, also a violent revolutionist and probably under surveillance with the Secret Police who, may indeed have questioned him.

If Reynolds submissions were expurgated, who expurgated them?  Why Stiff himself.    One would like to see the racy passages eliminated by the Editor to see how they matched up today’s ieas.  That meant that there were many unpleasant encounters when Reynolds checked each issue to see the editing.  Reynolds was apparently too true to life.

Stiff suffered I imagine when his more polite friends bothered him with questions like:  Why are you publishing this pornography?  One might note that Susannah Reynolds, George’s wife, published her novel, Gretna Green, which was denounced as pornography and she no lady.  George became quite indignant at these attacks on is wife.  I have only a current OCR edition of the novel and that is unreadable due to printing errors of magnitude.

One gathers from the last sentence that Stiff was saying goodbye to Reynolds and good riddance.

George had made up his mind to leave Stiff at the completion of Series IV in 1848 having already begun publishing his own magazine, Reynolds’ Miscellany in 1846. If Stiff believed Reynolds was a pornographic disreputable writer one can’t blame him for discontinuing his services however he did give up a winner who was to begin The Mysteries of the Court of London but then he would have, at least, had to make Reynolds his partner.  Each went their way.

Note #10

George W.M. Reynolds And The Norwood Builder

by

R.E. Prindle

In Vols. III & IV of the Mysteries of London George Reynolds included his version of The Norwood Builder.  Writing at the same time James Malcomb Rymer, included the same story in his Varney The Vampire.  Reynolds and Rymer were friends so they either worked the story up between them, were reacting to a true incident in Norwood at the time, or may have been aware of some sort of legendary Norwood Builder.

Rymer’s and Reynolds’ stories are quite similar while Reymer’s is a short story but Reynold’s saga is strung over seventeen hundred pages.  One wonders what could have inspired these two men.  Brainstorming, or a real incident?

Forty some years later  Arthur Conan Doyle retrieved the story publishing it in his Sherlock Holmes story, The Case of the Northwood Builder.  The story must have tickled Doyle’s funny bone too.  As his story closely follows that of Rymer I imagine that it was the source for Doyle.  It is possible that he was also familiar with Reynold’s version but except for the core story they aren’t even close.

I suppose Vols. III and IV of Reynolds might even be titled The Norwood Builder as the same characters carry the story throughout the whole work of 1700 pages of my copy published by the House in San Bernadino, Cal. That provides no other information about publication except the exact date of printing, 14 July 2019.

I suppose Vols. III & IV might even be titled The Norwood Builder as the same characters carry the story through the whole work.  The two volumes are deceptive.  I didn’t think much of it the first time as the novel takes a long time to build while integrating the characters, while their individual stories don’t connect until integration time.  Then the mustard seed of the highway robbery becomes important.

Our highwayman Tom Rainford or Rain as he is known, stops a coach that carries Lady Georgiana Hatfield.  I let that silly incident throw me.  That seeming frivolous incident was the mustard seed from which the tremendous story developed.

I’m not going to give a full review here.  I’m going to let the story sink in a littler further first.  It is quite a study.  If you don’t have a copy pick up one if you can find it.  This is as fine a novel as you will ever see.

In Pursuit Of Youth:

Edgar Rice Burroughs

And

Samuel Hopkins Adams

by

R.E. Prindle

Sources:  Warner Fabian (Samuel Hopkins Adams): Flaming Youth 1923.

Macintyre, F. Gwynplaine: Personal interview.

As the 1920s dawned Edgar Rice Burroughs, the author of Tarzan, was becoming increasingly restless in his marriage to Emma.  That he wished out and was looking around is evidenced by 1918’s Tarzan The Untamed in which he had Jane (Emma) murdered and burnt beyond recognition, identifiable only by her jewelery.  Late in the novel he has Tarzan eyeing another woman.  Perhaps his constant moving contained a notion of losing Emma.

While societal changes had been brewing for a few decades it seemed that they all matured under cover of the Great War emerging like a phoenix in its aftermath.  Most importantly sexual attitudes had changed most dramatically.  Representatives of the changes was the appearance of the Flapper.  Thought of as a devil-may-care anything goes girl they were enough to excite any man in his mid-life crisis.

In 1920, ERB at forty-five would have been in the midst of his.  Life was passing while he was evidently in an unsatisfactory marriage.  Perhaps it had been unsatisfactory since 1903-04 when he had committed the faux pas which shattered his wife’s confidence in him.  He was never to regain her confidence during their marriage although her love for him never did cease.

While he was in this state of mind a book was published followed by its movie which lustfully inflamed ERB’s imagination.  In 1923 Samuel Hopkins Adams, himself in a mid-life crisis, Samuel Hopkins Adams, using the pseudonym, Warner Fabian, perhaps wisely, published his very successful novel Flaming Youth.  While the book doesn’t show up on the best seller lists of either 1923 or ’24, from January to June it had gone through nine printings of which my copy is of the ninth,  for the year perhaps fifteen or more.  Still couldn’t reach the top ten of the charts, must have been a couple good literary years.  Before the year was out the movie had been made and was in the theatres.

ERB had a copy of the book in his library and had seen the movie at least once, possibly even several times.  If his search for a hot number had been latent before it certainly flamed after he saw the movie.  In 1927 he found his flapper ideal in Florence Gilbert Dearholt.

While ‘Flaming Youth’ was a major success in 1923-’24 reading it today makes understanding why difficult.  It is not a particularly good book nor, really, very well written.  Adams appears to have dashed it off taking no pains with it.  Thus rather than being a literary novel it is more of a pulp romance of the type Bernarr Macfadden would make famous in his pulp magazines like True Romance, a genre he invented at this time.

Samuel Hopkins Adams had an interesting career.  Four years older than ERB he lived eight years longer.  He began his career as a journalist writing several articles in 1906 about the patent medicine business which were instrumental in the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of that year.  The articles were later issued in book form as The Great American Fraud.  Burroughs’ own life would be seriously affected by the Pure Food and Drug Act through his relationship with Dr. Stace.

Adams career prospered as he was very proficient in writing for the movies.  In ‘Flaming youth’ he had a double barreled hit.

While his title ‘Flaming Youth’ has entered the vocabulary even as modern youth attempt to ‘flame’, I found the title somewhat misleading and far better than the story.

Perhaps Adams proves the adage of H.L. Mencken who flourished at this time when he said ‘No one ever went broke underestimating the intelligence of the American public.’  Actually the story reminded me a great deal of Grace Metolius’ 1954 novel ‘Peyton Place.’  Adams book was definitely aimed at the erotic zone of America.

In a rather clever framing device worthy of ERB’s best efforts Adams palms Warner Fabian off as a family physician.  I’ll quote the frame in its entirety.

Quote:

A WORD FROM THE WRITER TO THE READER

“Those who know will not tell; those who tell do not know.”

The old saying applies to woman in today’s literature.  Women writers when they write of women, evade and conceal and palliate.  Ancestral references, sexual loyalties dissuade the pen.

Men writers when they write of women do so without comprehension.  Men understand women only as men choose to have them, with one exception, the family physician.  He knows.  He sees through the body and soul.  But he may not tell what he sees.  Professional honour binds him.  Only through the unaccustomed medium of fiction and out of the vatic incense-cloud of pseudonymity may he speak the truth.  Being a physician, I must conceal my identity, and not less securely the identity of those whom I picture.

There is no such suburb as Dorisdale…and there are a score of Dorisdales.  There is no such family as the Fentrisses…and there are a thousand Fentriss families.  For the delineation which I have striven to present, honestly and unreservedly, of the twentieth century woman of the luxury-class I beg only the indulgence permissible to the neophyte’s pen.  I have no other apologia to offer.

To the woman of the period thus set forth, restless, seductive, greedy, discontented, craving sensation, unrestrained, a little morbid, more than a little selfish, intelligent, uneducated, sybaritic, following blind instincts and perverse fancies, slack of mind as she is trim of body, neurotic and vigorous, a worshipper of tinsel gods at perfumed altars, fit mate for the hurried, reckless and cynical man of the age, predestined mother of-what manner of being?:  To her I dedicate this study of herself.

                                                                   W.F.

Whether ERB got sucked in by such persiflage is open to question.  A writer using such flim-flam himself he certainly should have seen through it.  Having been a victim of Samuel Hopkins Adams once when the Pure Food and Drug Act drove he and Stace out of the patent medicine business it is kind of a joke that Adams got him a second time with such drivel under the pseudonym of Dr. Warner Fabian.  It is mind-boggling that Adams did it posing as a medical quack.

Adams must have learned something about snake oil lines by investigating the patent medicine business.  His ‘Word to the Reader’ is certainly a lesson in promising much and delivering little.  It appears to be a conscious attempt too.  One must ask if the term Writer in his headline is meant to refer to him or his alter ego Warner Fabian.  I rather think Fabian as a ‘neophyte’ would refer to himself as an author while Adams considered himself a professional writer so that Adams may be speaking in his own persona to the reader when he says ‘Those who know will not tell…’ so that if he does know he won’t tell it alerts the perceptive reader to the fact that what he is about to read is a fraud or a put on, ‘those who tell do not know.’ Or alternatively he doesn’t know so what you are about to read is pure fiction.

Further along he says that there is one exception to the rule, as why not? there’s always an exception to the rule.  That one exception is the family physician.  He knows.  The only problem with that is that Adams is lying- he is neither the Dr. Warner Fabian he purports to be nor is he a family physician.  This book is a total medical fraud no less than the patent medicine dealers Adams shut down.  Adams carries the fraud further using the purple prose he employs through out the work: ‘…only through the unaccustomed medium of fiction and out of the vatic-incense cloud of pseudonymity may he (the doctor) speak the truth.’

Anybody here know what vatic means?  Our old friend Mr. Webster says that it relates to the seer and prophecy.  So much for the concept of medical science.  I haven’t figured out what the phrase ‘vatic-incense cloud of pseudonymity’ means yet or maybe we weren’t supposed to.  If anyone knows drop a line.  However, it sounds not only good but spectacular.  Fabian is only pseudonymous, whatever that means, still he must conceal his identity.  A careful reader understands the pseudonymous doctor is not really Warner Fabian so one wonders why he stresses the point so.  Adams does tell that he is not telling the truth as he frankly admits that there is no Dorrisdale but in the metaphoric sense that are twenty of them.  Only twenty in the whole US?  Or twenty in the immediate vicinity?   Anyway we are to imagine twenty is an infinitude, something like the stars in a clear cold night sky.

Adams tells us these are very decadent times.  He doesn’t compare them to any former times like pre-war Dorrisdales but the times are definitely more decadent than they ever have been before.  There is no actual Fentriss family, closer to the truth, but there are an allegorical thousand Fentriss families (and while he doesn’t say it, he implies that  allegorically that might include the reader whatever his name.  Figure it out, do the math.  Twenty goes into a thousand fifty times.  There are fifty such families in each of these small Dorrisdales, the population of which is what?  Two thousand?  Fifty times six family members is three hundred.  We now have twenty decadent Dorrisdales.  The whole universe as it were.  Since all these families are apparently having nude parties by their swimming pools as in the novel so where’s the news?  Who is there to be shocked?

The book went through nine printings in six months so somebody didn’t get an invitation to these orgies.  I don’t know who.  Oh well, not everyone can be in the luxury-class.  Proto Jet Set.  Andy Warhol’s Factory.  People need orgies for mental health, don’t they?  Or, do they?

Let’s just say the vatic-incense cloud must have been the devil weed itself burning which sent Adams off on this flight of fancy that captures the imagination of a nation.  Poor old prurient America.  Oh, Dr. Freud, turn off the sex spigot.

I found the masterful title a misnomer.  The title purports to reveal the antics of flaming youth but the only flaming youth in the story is in the imagination of fourteen year old Patricia Fentriss-she’s a fast one in her imagination but she doesn’t go all the way.

Adams is good at setting things up then not delivering.  Robert Heinlein must have sat at his feet.  In perhaps the book’s most famous quote on page thirteen—13? Adams dips his pen into his purple ink well to write:

“That’s the measure they dance to, the new generation.  Doesn’t it get into your torpid blood, Bob?  Don’t you wish you were young again!  To be a desperado of twenty?  They’re all desperadoes, these kids, all of them with any life in their veins; the girls as well as the boys; maybe even more than the boys.  Even Connie with her eyes of a vestal.  Ah!”

Ah, indeed!

So who’s Adams writing this tripe for?

The title may be Flaming Youth but the story is about Sputtering Age.  This is a May-September romance.  Burroughs was forty-eight in 1923 and Adams was fifty-two.  What yearning for a younger woman occurs in those ages.  Anything to stave off the march of time.  Both men had been raised essentially in the nineteenth century; they must then have been thoroughly aroused by the short-skirted flapper of the post-war era.  What lusts did these girls call forth?  Sam may as well have been standing next to ERB at the dance asking:  “Doesn’t it get into your torpid blood, Ed?  Don’t you wish you were young again?”

Darn right Ed wished that he was young again, but as that wasn’t about to happen the next best thing for an old timer to do to revive that torpid blood is to get next to one of those red hot young flappers.

That is what Adams does for himself in Flaming Youth.  The book is not so much about flaming youth as to return to the flame of youth.  Adams acquaints Pat Fentriss with a forty-or-so year old ultra sophisticate, hyper intelligent man of the world named Cary Scott.  Obviously a simulacrum of himself.  As Scott carefully explains to Pat, a good looking body may be enough for the ‘the First Dreaming’ but she will soon tire of that, as her mind in the ‘Second Dreaming’, this is the family physician talking, will require something more stimulating like himself.

The story then actually concerns the trials and tribulations of this romance until it come to happy fruition in the end.

ERB as he was entering the ‘Second Dreaming’ reached out to a hot young firebrand which he found a short three years later in 1927.

That was the book.  Hardly a great or even a very good novel but successful enough to cement Adams’ reputation.

The movie which was rushed out by year’s end was apparently somewhat different from the book.  The movie made the career of the actress Colleen Moore with whom ERB was to have contact a decade later when he wrote the miniature book Tarzan Jr. for her miniature library of her doll house.

In researching the movie the consensus was that no copy had survived.  Then I read that one reel survived.  And then I came across a review at www.imbd.com/title/tt00145045/usercomments by F. Gwynplaine MacIntyre, seemingly a London based journalist who seemed to have viewed the movie.

I contacted him and he advised me that a print did indeed exist.  He advised me by email that:  ‘I have viewed a partially deteriorated  nitrate print of Flaming Youth in Europe, in the private collection of an individual who does not wish to be publicly identified.  The partly deteriorated film includes a few frames of a faded image that appears to be a British exhibition certificate.’

As an example of what ERB saw Mr. Macintyre describes the action: 

Quote:

“Moore plays Pat Fentriss, the spoilt daughter of well-to-do (luxury class in the book) parents who are the 1920s equivalent of “swingers”.  Pat’s parents are always throwing wild parties, with jazz band and (illegal) Prohibition booze and orgies.  Pat wants to join in on the fun, even though she’s just barely at the age of sexual consent.  One young man at the parent’s pool party shows a sexual interest in Pat until he finds out her age, then he curtly tells her:  ‘Baby must go back to her cradle.’

Unquote.

The high point of the movie is a scene at the pool party which shows the male and female party guests undressing together for the nude swimming.  The film makers probably wanted to show the guests in full nudity, but didn’t dare.  So we get a lot indirect lighting and camera angles, with everybody dressing in half-shadow.”

That part more or less follows the book.  The movie apparently doesn’t concentrate on the May-September romance between Cary Scott and Pat.  The nudity would be enough to get one’s torpid blood flowing like Niagara.

According to Mr. MacIntyre in the movie Pat runs away with a fiddler, hopping a yacht for Europe.  When the violinist, to be culturally correct, makes his move young Pat leaps overboard to escape his advances.  Pretty flaming, huh?  With a rare good fortune a sailor passing by fishes her out.

In the book Pat meets a violin player or ‘artiste’, Leo Stenay.  Adams shows his distaste for the Bohemian style by having Pat reject him because she feared he wore dirty socks.

As with most writers of the period Adams shows his respect for the Diversity by including and referring to many different types.

Thus the stimulating part of the movie for a revivifying ERB would have been the nude swimming party.  One would think they would have been much easier to find in Hollywood than in the score of Dorrisdales with their fifty luxury-class families but not for Ed, even though he had just written The Girl From Hollywood dealing with just such licentiousness.

Combining the movie version with Cary Scott of the book ERB became a lonely hunter until he met Florence Gilbert Dearholt, a married woman with two kids, when he discovered the perils of the Second Dreaming.

One wonders what course his life would have taken if there had been no Samuel Hopkin Adams, no Great American Fraud and no Flaming Youth.  It is strange indeed that a man we have no reason to believe that he had ever met could have had such a profound effect on his life.  First with his articles condemning the patent medicine manufacturers which may have introduced ERB to the police  and secondly with Flaming Youth that undoubtedly completed ERB’s dissatisfaction with his marriage.

I wonder if ERB ever gave Samuel Hopkins Adams a second thought.

F. Gwynplaine MacIntyre., An Afterthought

Gwynplaine and I were continuing to correspond about Flaming Youth when the line went dead so to speak.  Strangely we were both using London email addresses.  So each of us believed the emails were crossing London.  He finally admitted that he was in Brooklyn. I stunned him by confessing that I was writing from Portland, Oregon.  I was trying to reach him when I received an email from his friend advising me that Gwynplaine was no more.  He had apparently set his apartment in flames burning wall to wall.  Fortunately for other tenants the building was insulated well.

I knew that Gwynplaine was eccentric by his assumed name.  Gwynplaine was a character in Victor Hugo’s novel The Man Who Laughs.   The man who laughed was a man who was kidnapped as an infant.  When he became old enough his captors slit his cheeks from the corners of his mouth ear to ear thus when healed he gave the impression of man with a huge grin.  The captors could then exhibit him.  The assumed character indicated that Gwynplaine masked a world of sorrow.  From the internet, Wikipedia, I read that he adopted many costumes in an effort to get away from himself.  He claimed to have viewed many impossible to find films thus creating a furor among silent movie buffs who challenged him.  A major brou ha ha was in progress when I contacted him.  His detractors claimed that the story about the European collector was false and that Gwynplaine merely copied out movie reviews of the time.

I don’t know, but I hope that Gwynplaine did know collectors who had rooted out some impossible to find copies.  Perhaps being rudely attacked threw Gwynplaine into a severe depression and he decided to free his soul and translate himself to an alternate universe where things were ordered better.  His body was not found in the ashes so possibly he just ran away from himself.God bless you Gwynplaine wherever you are and may your sorrows turn into a real smile.

A Review

The Food Of The Gods

by

H.G. Wells

by

R.E. Prindle

Texts:

Wells, H.G. The Food Of The Gods.

Wells, H.G.  In the Day Of The Comet

Wyndham, John: The Midwich Cuckoos

Wyndham, John: The Day Of The Triffids

Movie:  The Village Of The Damned  (based on The Midwich Cuckoos)

The Food Of The Gods is one of the Wells novels included in the Omnibus titled Seven Science Fiction Novels of H.G.Wells  Of the seven the three most read are The Time Machine, The War Of The Worlds and The Island Of Dr. Moreau.  Within the lesser read three are The Food Of The Gods and In The Day Of The Comet. 

While I have had a copy of Seven Science Fiction Novels ‘forever’ I first read Food only about fifteen years ago, (I’m eighty-five.)   I’ve thought about it frequently over the years, but had it sharply called to mind within the last few days by an incident that occurred in India.

Apparently a dog killed a monkey.  One wouldn’t consider this a matter of Darwinian natural rejection but it probably is.  As we all know the human population of the globe now nearing eight billion is expanding rapidly preempting the land leaving little room for other species.  I thought then that the monkeys that had always shared the land amicably with the humans are now finding their living space impinged upon.

When the human population that was only 250 million when the British arrived in the eighteenth century is now fast approaching a billion five hundred million almost equaling China.  Elephants and tigers and probably otherspecies are facing extinction in the wild.  Perhaps monkeys and dogs are facing competition in more settled areas.

Other species that haven’ yet been exterminated or nearly so are also crowding the landscape.  At any rate, the monkeys were so enraged at the unjustifiable monkeycide that a turf war between monkeys and dogs has begun.  Up to this writing monkeys have exterminated a confirmed kill of two hundred fifty dogs.

Their method of murdering the dogs, since they don’t have guns or atom bombs is to carry the dogs to high places and chuck them over.  Now this is systematic, so the monkeys have apparently evolved a plan, that is that they got together and communicated with each other.  In addition it is possible that the monkeys have also begun to kill human children.  Would it be possible to label these killings as race wars?

Not knowing the circumstances around the first killing I can’t confirm that the monkees reaction is justified.  Isn’t it possible that a monkey tried to steal the dogs’ food and the dog retaliated appropriately?  If true this would be an inter-species matter to be adjudicated in court.

The form of execution used by the monkeys struck me as odd.  They mainly attacked puppies.  If so this may indicate a genocidal war to exterminate dogs.  The Jews in WWII proposed to castrate all male Germans in a massive genocide.  But perhaps the monkeys have come up with a more devious plan.  That of killing off the younger generation, more easy kills for monkeys, thus leaving the older generation to slowly die off.  Are monkeys capable of devising such a plan and acting in unison?  Apparently so.  Having been quietly observing the behavior of humans for a few thousand years who knows what curiosities of behavior they may have ingested.

So, genocidal monkeys led my mind back to Wells’ novel The Food Of The Gods.  Wells was well up on evolutionary theory having studied under Thomas Huxley.  Wells hypothesized that the Gods introduced a super food that developed a new advanced human super species that upset the social balance much as has happened in modern times.

Those infants raised on the stuff, something like Bulwer-Lytton’s Vril from his novel The Coming Race, are exceptional in all ways, physical and mental with IQs off the scale.  This of course creates a problem because it makes the intelligence of all other races look stupid, stupid to the point of non-competitiveness.  Thus those who benefited from the food of the gods are not allowed to propagate, there won’t be room on the planet for all the races.  Quite clearly the losers of the contest will be the smaller less intelligent old races.

Genocide of the new race is the only solution.  Life does have its problems doesn’t it?  The story then concerns how the New Race can be protected because, after all, they are the most beneficent of Nature’s creatures, the most highly developed.  Humanity Fifth Gen.

As the story has it the Earth has been fully occupied.  In the old days the New Race could have moved away from anti-New Race settlements much as the Whites must obviously have done when they evolved from the Africans somewhen, as modern ideology would have it.  This situation then creates the debate of what to do.  Listen to Wells as the Superhumans discuss the issue.

Quote:

What then?  Will this little world of theirs be as it was before?  They may fight against greatness in us who are the children of men, but can they conquer?  Even if they should destroy us, every one, would it save them?  No!  For greatness is abroad not only in us, not only in the Food, but in the purpose of all things. [Evolution toward a goal.]  It is in the nature of all things; it is part of space and time.  To grow and still to grow; from first to last, that is Being, that is the law of life.  What other law can there be.”

“To help others?”

“To grow.  It is still, to grow.  Unless we help them to fail…”

“They will fight hard to over come us.” said a voice.

And another, “What of that?”

“They will fight,” said young Redwood.  “If we refuse these terms, I doubt not they will fight.  Indeed, I hope they will be open and fight, after all if they offer peace, it will be only be the better to catch us unawares.  Make no mistake Brothers, in some way or other they will fight.  The war has begun and we must fight to the end.  Unless we are wise, we may find presently to have lived only to make them better weapons against our children and our kind.  This, so far, has only been the dawn of the battle.  Some of us will be killed in battle, some of us will be waylaid.  There is no easy victory—no victory whatever that is not half defeat for us.  What of that?  If only we keep a foothold, if only we leave behind us a growing host to fight when we are gone!”

Unquote,

So, the problem of evolution is that the less evolved must disappear.  That is genocide to make room for Nature’s best.  That is evolution.  The monkeys may have realized that.  There is no room on this planet for both dogs and monkeys, say the monkeys.  The only good dog is a dead dog.  The dilemma plagues mankind.  There is no room on the planet for eight billion people consuming resources as fast as they can.  If we continue on at this pace resources will be consumed and mankind will collapse in on itself resulting in fierce race wars…unless the world collapses on us first.

Interestingly Wells inspired a mid-twentieth century writer by the name of John Wyndham who was writing away unsuccessfully until when rereading Wells he discovered that he could lift plot and all directly from Wells and by altering the details the stories would be unrecognizable to the casual reader who may not have read Wells thus having nothing to compare.  His first attempt was a major sci-fi success.  He called it The Day Of The Triffids  and that was a retelling of The War Of The Worlds.

Then he had a great idea.  By combining  The Day Of The Comet and The Food Of The Gods he had a terrific story.  This resulted in his novel The Midwich Cuckoos which, unfortunately was a wretched title.  The novel came off much better, and that’s saying a lot, in its movie version The Village Of The Damned.  Terrific movie.

In Comet Wells postulated that a comet passed through the Earth’s atmosphere [this was the time of the return of Halley’s Comet] trailing a green gas that enveloped the planet.  The gas was some sort of ether type gas that put everyone away for a few hours.  When the sleepers wakened it was a brand new world and the peoples of the Earth were transformed into virtually a new species and everything was…perfect.

Wyndham borrowed the gas bit from Comet so that in Midwich the women of child bearing age fainted for a spell and while unconscious invisible extraterrestrials impregnated them.  Sort of like a hypnotic drug.  When the women awoke they remembered nothing but all the women in Midwich were pregnant at the same moment so that their children were all born on the same day.  In their wombs were a generation of super intelligent tow heads [Great White Beasts] who might perhaps have been mistaken for Nazi’s at first glance.  Perhaps the movie The Boys From Brazil might have received some inspiration from Midwich.  In Boys, ten boys were boys were cloned from Hitler’s DNA.  That movie involved tracking the boys down and murdering them.  Sort of a variation on the idea of going back in time and murdering Hitler in the womb.

Wyndham then borrowed the gas bit from Comet so that certain women fainted for a spell and were impregnated by invisible extraterrestrials.  In Comet the women and men woke up to a world of free love.

I think you have an idea of the solution of the problem of the Towheads.  Yep.  Genocide.  These kids had to be exterminated lest they take over the world and eliminate all the rest.  There is no explanation of why this would be a bad thing.  Perhaps it would be an improvement.  Maybe they were peaceful extraterrestrials sent by Klaatu, if you’ve seen The Day The Earth Stood Still you will understand.

We’ll never know because their extinction was successful and total.    There had been three colonies.  One in Siberia, one in Australia and the one in Midwich.  The other two had been discovered and exterminated also.  It is now up to England, which has always welcomed fugitives from oppressed peoples, to protect the dumboes and destroy the super-intelligent.  Something like what’s happening in the US at the present time.

The easiest method would have been to off them in their sleep but, given a choice between the easy way and the hard way humans will always choose the hard way.  A teacher had been selected to make these small kids well informed, educated to post-PhD standards.

What to do?  A suicidal mission by Teach.  He loads his briefcase with dynamite which is a start.  The kid geniuses are not only intelligent but telepathic.  They can read minds.  Charlie, our teacher, determines on an expedient of imagining a brick wall.  He does, the students detect the wall and directing powerful beams from their eyes begin to demolish his mental wall. A brick flies out, then another, a small hole created, than a larger.  Too late.  The leader, perhaps modeled on Hitler, shouts “It’s a b….  One more successful genocide.  And thus the world was saved from intelligence and left for the dumbasses.

An excellent book it was a great movie.  Very memorable.  Rotten Bananas gives it 100%.  And I do too. My own recommendation for the world is to relax.  The world cannot possibly survive eight billion people and rising.  Even if we all are going to die the world will be left to…THE HAPPY FEW.

Noodling Around The Eighteen Forties:

George W.M. Reynolds And The Literary World

A Survey Of Sorts.

by

R.E. Prindle

This is one of those essays where I don’t know where to begin.  Incongruously let us begin with the nineteen sixties.  My generation (1960s) doesn’t have a literary history.  Supplanting that, our interest was focused on stereo phonograph records.  Song writing.  Electric guitars and such.

Rather than seeking a solitary literary reputation everything was put into being in a musical group, one or two electric guitars, electric bass, possibly a Farfisa or other type of keyboard and most importantly a charismatic singer.  This also resulted in a massive array of speakers.  Also a major attraction was the singer-songwriter, usually a guitar player.  To show how obsessed with songwriters was Bob Dylan, the very epitome of sixties songwriting, was awarded a Nobel Prize in Literature.  Many of us shook our head in wonder.

However this whole very large body of ‘artists’ embraced the musical ethic.  The artists  preferred variations of the same few themes thus the whole generation nodding in agreement was entranced.

Looking backward to the eighteen forties I believe the same thing happened involving literature.  The musical sixties were magnificent as so the literary eighteen-forties.  The literary phenomenon was worldwide (the world at this time being Europe with an assist from the US.  France and Germany were stellar also but I’m going to concentrate on England and the US.

Just as the musical phenomenon  of the sixties was done by performers born from 1935 to 1945 so the literary scene of the forties depended on writers born between 1800 and eighteen-eighteen.  As the sixties were thematic so were the 1840s, like thinking individuals produce like thinking results in their output.

I am no literary snob so I include all forms of literature in my valuation, from the pulp literature of that time, styled Penny Dreadful, to so-called literary fiction, the latter the peak of literary snobbery.  If anything the general tenor of the time was represented by the Penny Dreadful style.  Another name for the style  is ‘popular.’  Popular being the direct opposite and inferior to Literary fiction.

Just as Bob Dylan and Paul Simon epitomized the singer songwriter faction of the Sixties so Charles Dickens and Geoge Reynolds epitomized the literary period of the eighteen-forties.  The authors played off each other while they all had similar literary backgrounds.  English literature from Daniel Defoe was essentially a continuum to the forties period.

After the forties writers were more affected by technological advances, rising population and a better educated more prosperous workforce.  Therefore those of the changing times could not see and feel in the same way as the forties generation.  By the 1860s a new ethic was forming.  Times had changed. By the 1890s that ethic was replaced.  In many ways a new England came into existence much as is happening in the world of the twenty-first century.

Dickens gives us some idea of how his generation learned their craft, who were their great influences.

Quote:

On the other hand, if I looked for examples, and for precedents, I find them in the noblest range of English literature:  Fielding, De Foe, Goldsmith, Smollett, Richardson, MacKenzie—all these for wise purposes, and especially the two first, brought upon the scene the very scum and refuse of the land.  Hogarth, the moralist and censor of his age…

I embrace the present opportunity of saying a few words in explanation of my aim and object in its production.  It is with some sort of duty to do so in gratitude to those who sympathized with me, and divined my purpose at the time, and who, perhaps will not be sorry to have their impression confirmed under my own hand.

It is, it seems, a very coarse and shocking circumstance, that some of the characters in these pages are chosen from the most criminal and degraded of London’s population; Sikes is a thief, and Fagin a receiver of stolen goods; that the boys are pickpockets and the girl is a prostitute.

Unquote.  Quoted from the preface to the third edition as bound in the 2021 Easton Press edition in parts from the 1843 printing of Oliver Twist.

You can imagine the critics handling of George Reynolds novels that took Dickens characters a few steps further.

Another writer who one hears frequently alluded to is Charles Maturin whose most famous work is Melmoth the Wanderer. In the same vein is George Croly’s Salathiel, a story of the Wandering Jew. And for another, the greatest novelist who ever lived, Walter Scott, with perhaps the lesser known G.P.R. James who also wrote through this period but reflects the eighteenth century in style more.  Unless I am mistaken George Reynolds pays homage to James in his character from the third series of The Mysteries of London, the highwayman Thomas Rainford.  The R in GPR James is Rainsford, shortened most frequently by Reynolds to Tom Rain.

The founder of the idiom was the very famous at the time, Pierce Egan. He was essentially a sports writer.  Loved British games and pastimes. He especially covered boxing writing a multi-volume set detailing the careers of what was called the fancy, or boxing.  He had a very successful sporting magazine so that it was a natural to publish his most famous book, Life in London in parts thus establishing that method of publishing novels. 

Life in London took the country by storm much as Dickens’ Pickwick Papers would sixteen years later.  As with Dickens other writers purloined his characters for their books and especially for theatrical performances that were smashes irritating Egan who rightly felt he should have had a share in profits.

He created the characters of Tom and Jerry.  I’m sure very few people lifting a Tom and Jerry cocktail understand where the name came from.  Even in the twentieth century the characters were being used without credit in the Tom and Jerry cartoons.

Then in 1826 came the early novelists Edgar Bulwer Lytton and W. Harrison Ainsworth; both extremely popular and prolific.  Bulwer Lytton is famous still for his novel The Last Days Of Pompeii, a nearly perfect novel.  And Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes. 

Thus the way was paved for the emergence of Charles Dickens and the literary blossoming of the generation reaching perfection in the forties.  The ethic played out in the fifties and the early sixties when the evolution of civilization made room for the next generation of authors. Having mentioned Bulwer-Lytton, Ainsworth and Dickens let us now introduce the rest of the group.  I deal here only with the most prominent and influential writers; the period is rich in authorship including Anthomy Trollope’s mother Frances who was a Liberal voice and a very interesting woman, somewhat of an embarrassment for her son.

Edward Lloyd was a publisher not a writer but his writers epitomize the pulp, or Penny Dreadful, faction.  He began a couple years before the forties.  Like many people beginning from nothing he sponged off successful authors publishing derivative novels under similar names such as Oliver Twiss instead of Dickens’ Oliver Twist.  Finding his groove he became what we today would describe as an industry powerhouse.

Others had watched Dickens success and probably Lloyds and determined to succeed in a like manner.  The key being episodic publication whereby a penny a week over twenty weeks became a pound book.  So, the savings were nil but the installment plan worked.  One of these publishers  was George Stiff who published the London Magazine.  It was he who recruited the author that gave the genre credibility.

A similar situation was occurring in France.  In 1943 a French writer, Eugene Sue began a serial publication of his novel The Mysteries Of Paris that quickly became a sensation, excellent novel then, excellent today.   Not slow on the uptake Stiff immediately thought of a counterpart, The Mysteries of London.  All he needed was the right author while he already had a printer named George Vickers.

Kicking around London since 1836 was a fellow by the name of George Reynolds.  George William McArthur Reynolds in full, alternately going by G.W.M. Reynolds.  Reynolds a young 22 year old, had been in Paris for a few years, returning to London in 1836 where he began circulating ln literary circles.  He edited the Monthly Magazine for a year or so on his return.

Reynolds is an interesting character.  He was apparently devoid of literary ideas himself but could adapt any else’s into an original sounding story.  Dickens popularity had turned him into an industry as other writers rushed to emulate him or plagiarize him.  Edward Lloyd led the way.  Without an idea, Reynolds bethought himself to write a continuation of Dicken’s smash hit The Pickwick Papers and so as Dickens had left his characters at the end of his novel, Reynolds decided to lift his cast of characters and place them in the Paris he had just left.  The result was Pickwick Abroad.

The result was an entertaining book, relatively successful, and might have stood on its own with similar but different characters.  Reynolds apparently wanting a four bagger elected to purloin Pickwick and his Club.  Reynolds followed that with a series of titles that were not particularly successful but were well written.

In 1843 then, Stiff looking around for an author settled on Reynolds and offered him the job that Reynolds accepted.  Following his first attempt with Dickens he now had Sue’s Mysteries of Paris as a matrix to embrace his skill.  Now thirty-one he set to work turning out a weekly installment for four straight years.  He was a sensational success.  Paid at the rate of five pounds a week, his annual salary of two hundred and sixty pounds was enough for he and his growing family to live fairly comfortably plus he could freelance on the side so he could easily have added fifty or more pounds a year.  If so three hundred pounds was doing alright in a small way.

In the early forties Ainsworth was at the apex of his career turning out two or three titles a year, all of an excellent quality.  Dickens was continuing his success while Bulwer-Lytton was rolling along.  Lloyd was getting along while he had a couple first rate writers in James Malcom Rymer and Thomas Prescott Press.  Between the two of them they would turn out two monster successes that may be the best known Penny Dreadfulls today:  Varney the Vampire and Sweeney Todd, The Demon Barber Of Fleet Street.  More on them later.

As I mentioned earlier all these writers read each other and were influenced by each other.  Reynolds matured overnight creating a superb style and method that resulted in a monster hit.  While he began by emulating Dickens he began to turn the table on Dickens so that Dickens began to be influenced by his style.

Dickens was not all that prolific while Reynolds was a non-stop writer who worked in several genres.  As popular as Dickens was he was very limited in style.  Thus his Our Mutual Friend was almost as emulative of Reynolds as Pickwick Abroad by Reynolds.

Another writer who was publishing his major works in the forties that I hesitate to include except for the fact that his last two novels, 1870 and 1880, indicate that he was heavily influenced by the forties ambience and may have also in a clumsy imitation have shown reading acquaintance in his 1848 novel, Tancred.

I am also going to have to add a man thought of as a literary author but who was well aware of the Penny Dreadful genre.   That would be William Makepeace Thackaray, and his novel Vanity Fair also published in 1848 that was an outstanding success then and is still read today.  But more on that later, in fact, I intend a full review.

By the end of the First Series of Mysteries of London in 1846 then, George Reynolds was the reigning Penny Dreadful author although he was at such an apex that he almost created another genre.  Ainsworth was in eclipse after 1843 when his essential creative burst played out.  Dickens was having problems coming up with story lines, and Bulwer Lytton, despite the brilliant Last Days of Pompeii was having quality problems.  Rymer began Varney the Vampire about this time.  Varney went on forever.  Rymer was not the sole author being assisted by Prest while once the story got rolling other authors, some speculate up to eight, contributed story lines.  The last story, about the best of the lot, seems to have come from a different hand.  Sweeney Todd also had a good long run of the nature of Varney.

During the forties then Lloyd and Reynolds were the major stays of the genre with the incredible prolificity of Reynolds making him the equal of Lloyd.  Reynolds had a powerful mind that could keep two or three novels separate in his mind.  This prolificity was noticed and he was accused of having a staff of writers.  Not so.

In a postscript to the The Mysteries of the Court of London he explains:

Quote:

For every week, without a single intermission during a period of eight years  has a Number under this title been issued to the public.  Its precursor “THE MYSTERIES OF LONDON” ranged over a period of four years. For twelve years, therefore, have I hebdomadally issued to the world a fragmentary portion of that which, as one vast whole, may be termed an Encyclopedia of Tales.  This Encyclopedia consists  of twelve volumes composing six hundred and twenty-four weekly numbers.  Each Number has occupied me upon an average seven hours in the composition; and therefore no less an amount than four thousand three hundred sixty-eight hours have been bestowed on this Encyclopedia of Tales, comprising the four volumes of “The Mysteries of London,” and the eight volumes of “The Mysteries Of The Court Of London.”  Yet if that amount of hours be reduced to days, it will be found that only a hundred eighty-two complete days have been absorbed for those publications which have ranged with weekly regularity over a period of twelve years!  This circumstance will account to the public for the facility with which I have been enabled to write so many other works during the same period, and yet to allow myself ample leisure for recreation and healthful exercise.

Unquote.

It may be mentioned that the other works he mentioned amounted to at least double the words of his two Mysteries.  All these books are of an even high quality.  At the same time he was married and rearing a brood of kids.

Just as with the exciting sixties of the twentieth century the period of the eighteen forties in England must have been the greatest period in English history.  They called them Penny Dreadfulls but with all the exciting reading available each week it would have taken shillings to keep up.

The forties themselves must have been an exciting period for those with eyes to see.  After the July Revolution in France and the Reform Act of 1832 in England a slow but quickening drum roll was leading up to the 1848 revolution when by coincidence several of these books were published.  While the Reform Act wasn’t properly understood as Benjamin Disraeli, the author and politician believed; it was an actual revolution with repercussions leading up to the Really Big One in 1848. Reynolds himself believed in violent revolution and promoted it in his books.

Let us turn now to William Makepeace Thackery’s Vanity Fair, as mentioned, published in 1848 while being influenced by both Dickens and Reynolds.  At this point I have to introduce two trends that influenced many of these people.  One was the immense popularity of Rabalais’  Gargantua and Pantagruel with its famous motto: Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law from the sixteenth century and the works of another Frenchman the notorious Marquis de Sade: Justine and Juliette, or Virtue and Vice of the eighteenth century.  De Sade thought that the happier and more fulfilled life was enjoyed by Vice, or his heroine Julliette while Virtue was its own reward, that is, a life of misery as epitomized by Justine.

Reynolds in his Mysteries of Paris in which two brothers Richard and  Eugene Markham took the place of De Sade’s sisters and virtue won out over vice.

Thackaray weighed in with the attitude that the consequences of ‘do what wilt’ led to different consequences with more or less equal results whether vice or virtue.

Thackaray was a year older than Reynolds born in 1811 to Reynolds 1812.  Thackaray was born in India but was sent back to England by his mother when he was four.  His mother ignored him when she returned later thus perhaps provided one role model for his heroine, Becky Sharp.

Both he and Reynolds left England for France in 1830, returning in  1836.  A rare coincidence.  Both pursued literary vocations in France.  After Reynolds became prominent Thackaray was asked what he thought of Reynolds.  Thackaray laughingly said that if he was the same George Reynolds that was in Paris he was the only that ever paid him for an article, Reynolds was OK with himself.  A literary incident worthy of Isaac D’Israeli himself.

So, if you know how to look at both Reynolds’ Mysteries of London and Thackeray’s Vanity Fair the two themes, Rabelais and De Sade course through both works.

A Review of Vanity Fair by William Makepeace Thackeray

Benjamin Disraeli attempted to write a novel in the style of the forties with his last novel, Endymion.  In it he passingly discusses Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray.  He calls Dickens Gushy and Thackery Sainte Barbe.. While not the best selling author of the period Dickens style penetrated the heart of the period on down to the time of this writing.  It is futile to argue against success but Thackeray, Reynolds and any serious litterateur would follow Disraeli and call him Gushy.  Some writer comparing Dickens and Smollet said that Dickens wrote like a boy and Smollett wrote like a man.  That about sums it up and Thackeray and Reynolds wrote like a man also.

That doesn’t mean that Thackeray wasn’t impressed by Dickens’ succuss that he doesn’t do a little ‘gushy’ himself in Vanity Fair but it the weakest part of the novel.  There may also be a smidgen of Bulwer-Lytton and an attempt to wear Reynolds’ hat.  Thackeray does succeed to a certain extent in interweaving his story strands much as Reynold did.  So that, over all the story is interesting and affecting but not in Dicken warm hearted way.  The Bohemian in Thackery comes out in a gentle mockery.  As he said, he didn’t like any of his characters and he passes that message onto his perceptive readers.

Thackeray, underlain by his reading of De Sade and Rabelais had a leaning toward the Bohemian so there is a smear of the snide and mockingly sarcastic.  We, or I, don’ laugh with his characters but laugh at them.  Emmy, after all is a ridiculous character and Thackeray thought so.

My thirteen volume set of Thackeray is what is called the Biographical Edition because Thackeray’s daughter, Anne Ritchie provides biographical notes to each volume.  She quotes her father as saying that he didn’t like any of his characters in Vanity Fair with the exception of Dobbin which means he must have based that character on himself.  I think an attentive reading indicates it is so.  None of the leading characters are ‘nice’ excepting Dobbin and he’s a sap.  Really, what an approach.

Thackeray follows the format of the typical forties novel.  A couple Rakes, Osborne and Crawley botch their lives and the lives of those around them.  The female lead, Becky Crawley, nee Sharp is meant to be the most offensive character in the novel but it seems that Thackeray has a sneaking admiration for her.  As with De Sade’s Juliette she is the soul of vice while doing as she wilt.  Thackeray ends on a happy note and while giving  Juliette/Becky all her wishes.  His detestation of his counter-heroin, Emmy/Justine is apparent at the end.  He saddles Dobbin with her as a wife.  While Thackeray doesn’t say so I imagine that ‘Dob’ lived to regret it.

There are two high points to the novel.  In the first half the novel climaxes with the battle of Waterloo.  The protagonist of this half was George Osborne, your typical rich ne’er do well of the time.  Osborne’s father was a merchant so Thackeray is directed his story at the commercial middle class.  George dies at Waterloo shot through his ‘rotten’ heart as Thackeray is quoted by his daughter in the preface.  He was an arrogant, undisciplined, rotten guy too.  One catches hints of Smollett and Reynolds in his portrayal.  Very Count Fathomish.

The portrayal of the gay, party atmosphere of Brussels before the battle of Waterloo is marvelously done.  The partying went on until the very bugles called the troops to battle.  The English left wing was already engaged.  Osborne rode off to war staggeringly drunk.

Of course, the character that readers remember is the female lead, Becky Sharp, or Crawley as she was.  Apparently there was discussion at the time as to whom Becky was based on.  I think Thackeray told us when he mentioned Marianne Clarke.  Marianne who? perhaps you say.

Marianne Clarke. Now there’s a story.  As it turns out, Mary Anne, who was a sensation of her time was the great-great grandmother of Daphne Du Maurier.  Daphne was the daughter of Gerald Du Maurier and the grand daughter of the famous novelist George Du Maurier, Peter Ibbetson, Trilby, and The Martian.  Apparently Marianne was a family embarrassment so that Daphne wrote a novel about Mary Anne to expiate the shame.  An excellent novel too.

But to relate Mary Anne Clarke to Becky Sharp.  Marianne was of the courtesan class.  Her grea-greatt-grandaughter’s quasi-history titled simply Mary Anne fictionalizes that history.  If not true on all points the story line is accurate.   During the ‘teens then there were men, entrepreneurs one might say, who recruited women to be mistresses of the Lords.  The girls had to be accustomed to the manners of the upper class, and these men trained them.  Mary Anne then was taken up by George III’s second son, Frederick, the Duke of York.  Mary Anne blew it of course when she abused her relationship with the Duke.  She then exposed him which was a major scandal ending with her having to move to the continent, a ruined woman.

A sensation of the time was Harriette Wilson’s Memoirs.  Harriette was as successful as Mary Anne but in a different way.  Her memoirs give a general picture of this interesting social custom.  She was the mistress of several men so that when the bloom left her rose and men just passed her by she decided to write a tell all exposing the ‘life.’  In order to make more money she after to delete the name of anyone who paid he price.  Many did.  When she approached the hero of Waterloo, General Arthur Wellesley, the Duke made the famous comment ‘Publish and be damned.’

Becky will follow the same general course, like Mary Anne Clarke she was a married woman.  She aspired to move in the haute monde which she wheedled her way into having seduced the notorious libertine Duke Steyne.  Always duplicitous she betrays her husband Rawdon Crawley.  Even though Becky has accumulated a substantial amount of money from Steyn she conceals the money from Rawdon.  Rawdon has accumulated debts so that he is subject to arrest.  In order to be able to spend a night or two  carousing Becky and Steyn arrange to have Rawdon arrested for his debts which he was.  She could have had Rawdon released by paying the debt for which he was arrested before her caper or capers with Steyne but preferred to have her husband locked away intending to release him after the fling.

Getting no response from Becky Rawdon appealed to his sister-in-law who took pity on him and advanced the money.  Returning home the poor guy walked into the raucous party.  The tale is told to elicit the most sympathetic response for Rawdon which is done admirably well.  From then on it’s all downhill for Becky until the end of the book when we learn in the recap that she has recaptured a degree of respectability actually becoming rich, per Juliette.

Our Virtuous Justine is a woman called Amelia, a real dishrag, Thackeray actually has nothing but contempt for her but as a counterpart to Becky she is a plausible counter-heroine.

Amelia was the wife of the dashing army officer George Osborne, a rake and man about town.  He and Amelie had been betrothed from birth as her father, a successful businessman was friends with George’s father, another successful businessman at the time who helped George’s fatjer to become rich. Adverse circumstances ruined him.  Now broke and dishonored Osborne scorns him while rejecting the union of George and Amelia.  The various stories develop against the background of Napoleon’s hundred days.  The first climax of the story.  George is killed at Waterloo and the second half of the story begins that leads up to Becky’s betrayal and  Rawdon’s disgrace.

Apart from the two climaxes the story drags along inviting the reader to put down the book.  That may have been the initial response in 1848.  As a serial the book started slow and remained slow for a while until it gradually caught on and made a respectable showing.  The book too needed a kick start.  I can understand it; however as I am reading a ‘classic’ I persist to the end.  I don’t what excuse people of the time made.

We do have a good snapshot of the moment however.  And  that is worth something.   Still, there is something in Thackeray’s attitude that carries weight.  Thackery unites his story with the metaphor of Vanity Fair. Life is a tragicomedy.  A ship of fools.   He begins the novel in his own persona as a stage manager looking in at life, or Vanity Fair, as a manager of a puppet show  pointing out the characters, or actors, or figments of his imagination, before setting them in action.  He is then free to comment on all aspects of his story as a disinterested viewer.  While I was not overawed during the reading, the lingering effect and reexamination reveals a profundity not obvious in the reading.

In Vanity Fair Thackeray, then, combined elements of Dickens and Reynolds with varying success and perhaps a smattering of Smollett. There was also something new, almost a change of direction.  In 1841 Punch magazine had been established.  It called itself The London Charivari after the French magazine Le Charivari established in 1832.

A charivari is a loud raucous parade so that the puppet master satirized politics and the passing social scene.  Thus, the title Vanity Fair was suggested to Thackeray whether he realized it or not.  He then cast himself, the author, as the ring master of essentially the circus of life.  Thus in the preface he portrays himself as a sort of god looking down into his world, Vanity Fair, moving the pieces around to compose his story  or stories a la Reynolds.

The novel having run for a couple years a magazine appeared  to compete with Punch, the London Charivari, titled The Puppet Show, undoubtedly partially inspired by Vanity Fair.  In 1848 Reynolds ended  The Mysteries of London and began The Mysteries of the Court of London that run through four series into 1856.  These Forties writers looked back fondly on the post-Waterloo years, the twenties and thirties technological changes, such as the railroad, being new the writers, if they didn’t reject the changing times, clung to the sentimental period of the stagecoach.  Their period ended or began to end about 1860 as newer authors pushed to the front.

Perhaps the epitaph to the period was provided in 1880 when Disraeli who died the year after published his Endymion.  Disraeli  published his absurd novels from 1826 to 1848 then taking a hiatus until his 1870 novel Lothair then ten years later his last which is a tribute to the forties novel.  He closely follows the methods of Gushy, Dickens and Thackeray, St. Barbe while not mentioning the disreputable Reynolds.  Endymion is a pleasant sentimental novel approaching to the quality of the Big Three but ending a faint imitation.

Englishmen looked back nostalgically  on the 1840s much as we do today at the 1960s.  Both were periods of great change.

History In Its Fullness

November 15, 2021

History In Its Fullness

Origins Of World War One And Two

by

R.E. Prindle

In Flanders Fields

By John McCrae

In Flanders fields the poppies blow

Between the crosses row on row,

That mark our place; and in the sky

The larks, still bravely singing, fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead.  Short days ago

We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,

Loved and were loved, and now we lie,

In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:

To you from failing hands we throw

The torch; be yours to hold it high.

If we break faith with us who die

We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

In Flanders fields.

Prologue.

The above verse was written to honor those fallen in WWI, known as the Great War before WWII.  The carnage was terrible.  Between seven and eleven million soldiers would die many of them buried in the immense military cemetery of Flanders Fields.  As many as forty million Europeans as a direct consequence:  A true holocaust and a preliminary to a worse twenty years later, I do not refer to the collateral deaths of the six million.

Oh, sure.  ‘History’ tells us that an Austrian Prince was assassinated and that was the cause of the war.  That’s a sort of historical white lie.  The Prince’s assassination catalyzed the war but it didn’t cause it.  The primary cause was racial enmity and the origin was the execution of a Jewish political criminal in 1740.

Because of that execution a series of bloody revolutions occurred killing millions more.  1789,1830,1848.  After the ’48 failed the revolutionists determined that a change of tactics was necessary.  Then began an asymmetric war of assassination and agitation.  Dozens of prominent politicians and significant people hit the ground over the next 50-60 years.  The conspirators meant to have a war and by 1914 they had it.  The assassinated Prince was the excuse but not the cause.

What caused the war?  Race.  A long train of events that began, for our purposes on the lone figure of a man hanging from the gallows in an iron cage thirty full feet from the ground.  A heinous execution for a multitude of heinous crimes.  That man was named Joseph Suss Oppenheimer, by race a Jew.  Let us trace the clues that link Suss as the cause of the genocidal two European wars of the twentieth century.

1,

Grievance on Grievance

All EuroAmerican history has been falsified due to the historical sin of omission.  While all the actions of all nations but one have been taken into account the deeds of the Jews have been omitted or, at least, misrepresented.  Yet the Jews have been most influential of all the nations.  That’s an anomaly that demands explanation.

They have and had the smallest population while having no homeland other than the whole of Europe and North America throughout which they were scattered.  Sound contradictory?  It’s not. While spread primarily over the two continents the Jews maintained a tightly knit group of, essentially, conspirators. They existed under two legal systems, theirs and the gentiles with theirs being supreme in their eyes.  The Gentiles had only one which put them to the disadvantage.  The Jews could claim two loyalties but theirs took precedence in their eyes.

Their prophet or failed messiah, Sigmund Freud, proclaimed the method of group psychology and its analysis so that any coherent groups’ activities, patterns, can be determined and analyzed.  Their psychology is based on the notion of being completely distinct from all other races while their sense of superiority is based on the notion that they were the selector’s choice of all the peoples God created.  That is God, himself, did this.  As above, so below.  God would sometimes come down and have a chat with them.  At one time he chatted  and pilpuled  with his favorite, Abram.

The problem was that no other people believed this story hence they didn’t give the Jews the respect that they thought they commanded.  Hence, further, a grievance.  One history of the Jews is a list of their grievances. There were many, many, and all had to be revenged.  An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.  God didn’t go along with this last item.  He admonished his people that revenge  was his prerogative.  Revenge belongs to me, saith the Lord.  The Jews have disregarded that injunction, preferring their own adage.

Thus the grievance list and their remedy grew.  The preferred remedy was genocide.  Kill them all.  Perhaps first on the list were the Amalekites.  For the trivial offence of not allowing the long Jewish train of migrants roaming the desert to pass through their tiny country they were exterminated man, woman and child.  No one has seen an Amalekite for thousands of years now.

The particular grievance with the Amalekites was settled rather quickly but as we will see some took perhaps a couple thousand years one that ended in Flanders Fields.

Speaking of more recent grievances that can be grouped under WWI and II let us choose a beginning point of 1290 which was the time that they were expelled lock, stock, and barrel from the Kingdom of England. Woah, that one wasn’t forgotten and it took to world wars to resolve that.  Soon after King Philip Le Bel of France expelled his Jews in 1307.

The Jewish relations with the Germans had always been troubled. First they expelled, then let back in, then expelled again.  A very frustrating experience.  Of course, it was always the fault of the English, French or Germans, never their own activities.  The Catholic Church had inadvertently given them a monopoly on usury when it forbade Europeans to loan at interest.  Not a realistic ban, on the score of giving the monopoly to the Jews or in developing the economy.

The Jews had taken full advantage of the privilege and were well on the way to confiscation of the wealth of the continent when Napoleon put a stop to it.  The Jews lost their monopoly but retained their souls.

Time, the tides and evolution wait on no man, so over these years and centuries we’re discussing, European society developed at a very rapid rate.  Might not seem so if you were living during those centuries but it was.so. 

The last major expulsion of the Jews took place in 1492 when the Visigoths reconquered the final bit of Moorish territory of Granada.  The Victorious Visigoths gave the Moors and Jews the choice of accepting Christianity or being expelled.  Many stayed and many left. But after England, France and Germany Spain was the last straw.  This was one grievance too far so condign vengeance was declared.  This meant one thing:  Genocide.  The Jews would seethe for four hundred years until…Der Tag.

In the interim there was a lot of life to live.  Some twenty-six years in 1517after Spain, the Catholic priest, Martin Luther would rebel against the Church posting his 96 theses and setting off a train of disasters that would result in modern Europe.  The Central European religious war as ferocious.  Catholics vs. Protestants.  This was the famous Thirty Years War that nearly depopulated Germany.  You can believe that Central Europe was shattered, the economic system destroyed by 1648 when peace was finally established.  Peace of a sort.

Central Europe was impoverished, principalities were small yet political and economic matters were European wide.  The aristocrats savagely suppressed serfs, common people, denying them of educations.  Only one people could operate over across the borders of Europe and that people was the Jews.  So, a relationship developed between the rulers and Jews. The Court Jews provided the essential services of acquisition and distribution.  A temporary institution grew up know as Court Jews.  They were dependent on the rulers but operated between the rulers and the peoples as a semi-autonomous people but solely  able to accumulate wealth..

The factors, or merchants skinned the rulers, their profits were fabulous.  In many cases a factor might have an equally fabulous personal establishment as the rulers, sometimes better.  Thus, though always separate this separation was more conspicuous as the war ravaged Germans began to rebuild from scratch.  Then along came Suss in the 1730s in the German State of Wurttemberg.  Here’s our culprit.  Suss singlehandedly changed the equation between the Court Jews, he being one, and the rulers.  Previously to Suss the rulers had the upper hand.  When the factors flaunted their wealth too conspiculously the rulers simply repudiated their debts leaving the factors roaming the streets.

Repudiating the debt may sound extreme but so was the greed of the factors.  Their activities was essentially a transfer of the wealth from the rulers to themselves.  All the money was ending up in their hands.  So an economic redistribution of the wealth was necessary, one might say inevitable.

Enter Suss.  The wily Suss, the clever Suss.  He was the Court Jew, or factor, for Duke Karl Alexander of the largish State of Wurttemberg in Southern Germany next to Bavaria.  Within a very short time, his tenure was only four years he inveigled what we would call a Power of Attorney from the Duke to function essentially as a co-ruler.  Within the space of a few years he committed enormous crimes appropriating the wealth of the Wurttembergers for his own use enraging the citizens.  Then the Duke unexpectedly died.  Suss was arrested tried and executed in an ignoble fashion.  This infuriated the Jews already smarting from all the expulsions.  Suddenly a plan gelled in their minds.

In the seventeenth century Cromwell of England readmitted the Jews to England.  In the late eighteenth century Napoleon emancipated the Jews.  That is they allowed to function as citizens without disabilities.  But Napoleon demanded a quid pro quo, essentially that the Jews would amalgamate with the French to become one culture but retaining their ‘religion.’  Needless to say, the Jews took the emancipation but reneged on amalgamating with the French.  But, how could they?  In their terms they were a separate and peculiar people.

Now, about 1800 is when Europe’s troubles really began.  After emancipation the Jews immediately set out to revolutionize Europe, that is, to become the rulers.

The Napoleonic emancipation was meant to cover all Europe.  Emancipation was complete in the French territories but advanced more slowly beyond the French borders.  By mid-century it was more or less complete.  Then a new player entered the field, that being the United States of America.  Refugees from the ’48 flooded into the US and prospered.  Post-Civil War they were well established.  Technological inventions opened vast new fields for them.  For an instance, the sewing machine changed the way people obtained their clothes.  The machines made mass production possible so that when hordes of Ashkenazi Jews from Eastern Europe began what amounted to an invasion, the masses of people could find ready employment.

In imitation of the Freemasonic Order, in 1843 the Jews created the Order of the B’nai B’rith which was strictly limited to Jews.  Once established the Order became international and was exported to Europe and soon had lodges in all countries.  Now coordination of activities became a simple matter from centers of conspiracy.  In 1895 the psychologist Sigmund Freud joined the Vienna Lodge where he lectured the faithful on his findings to psychologically manipulate masses, whole countries..

Unlike the goyim the Jews did not reject his findings but embraced them.  It was in the B’nai Brith lodge that the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion were composed during the first Zionist convention in 1897.  Freud and Zionism were the steroids needed to produce the Russian Revolution of 1903-05 and the Soviet Revolution of 1917.

Two other events in the wake of Suss formed the Revolution.  One was the birth of Meyer Amschel Rothschild of Frankfort just above Stuttgart, Wurttemberg.   Suss was from Frankfort, the center of Jewish conspiracy in Europe.  After establishing himself as the Duke’s alter ego he spent much time in Frankfort organizing his people.  From there he toured London and Paris before meeting his fate.   Meyer must have been raised on stories of Suss.  He accordingly made plans.  As he had  five sons, his legendary five arrows, he indoctrinated them in the plan to conquer Europe.  As they came of age he sent them to five European capitals from which as kings of usury they controlled or influenced the currencies.

The two most important countries were, of course, France and England, the West of Europe.  His son, Nathan, was sent to England while the youngest James went to Paris, the two most important posts.

Being outside Continental Europe England was not affected by the emancipation, in fact English Jews had never been under European style disabilities although along with the Catholics and Dissenters they had limited civil disabilities that put an arms length between themselves and the English.  Two nations.

Remember that in addition to Suss France, England and the German principalities had all expelled the Jews and those expulsions had to be avenged.

In 1804 an English avenger was born in the person of Benjamin Disraeli. He was tutored by his father Isaac to be a man of vengeance.  To avoid the civil disabilities Isaac himself gave the appearance of rejecting Judaism so that he could find success as a writer at which he  succeeded.  So that his son Benjamin could function as an English citizen with full rights he had Ben baptized.  So while he remained racially stoutly Jewish he could function as a Christian and a mole.  When Benjamin came of age he began writing tracts that passed as novels.  From1826 to 1836 he established a reasonably good reputation as a novelist.  In 1837 he was elected to Parliament.  The mole was in place.

Now, Nathan Rothschild who founded the English branch of the clan arrived in England in 1795 with the intent to prosper in the burgeoning  textile industry.  He failed to make his mark and so went through a rough period during which he became a successful smuggler and apparently made some money which led him to become a banker.  His muse was sitting on his shoulder so that in 1807 he scored a coup that gave him some substantiality.  By this time his brother James was establishing himself in France, Paris.

Napoleon involved himself in a war in Spain so that the English intervened through Portugal to aid the Spanish.  The English General Wellington became strapped for cash to pay the troops and to obtain supplies.  Nathan supplied the gold which then had to be sent to Spain.

Even though Napoleon had emancipated the Jews making them French citizens with full rights, and even though part of that deal was that the Jews would give up their evil ways and become truly amalgamated with the French, Nathan and James conspired to use Nathan’s smuggling skills to move the gold through France to Spain helping the English to defeat Napoleon.  That avenged themselves a little on France but not enough.

Then in 18i4 as Napoleon and Wellington faced off on the battlefield of Waterloo Nathan performed perhaps the greatest coup in history.  He realized that the English currency could be manipulated to his advantage if he could get the news of victory or defeat first.  He did.  He knew it was victory but circulated the verdict as defeat amongst the City stock brokers.  A panic ensued, stock prices plummeted and as they did Nathan Rothschild bought every share he could so that when the official news of victory arrived Nathan had captured the currency of England.  He was then far and away the richest man in England.  His muse had caressed him; he was on the way and didn’t have to look back.  England belonged to the Jews but there was still the problem of civil disabilities and the English were not going to grant them easily and they never did during Nathan’s lifetime.  It would take his fully capable son Lionel to do that in collaboration with Benjamin Disraeli in1858..

Whither Europe?

As the nineteenth century began the future was momentous for Europe including North America.  An asymmetric war was in process.  The Europeans blinded themselves to the actual situation.  Disraeli mentioned once that there was a tussle going on between the Rothschilds and the Secret Societies.  Robert Blake in his biography of Disraeli scoffs at the notion, as probably Dizzies contemporaries did, thinking that he was deluded.  However, Disraeli was receiving  information from two different sources, the European conventional sources in which he was directly involved and influencing and the Jewish/Rothschild sources.  He thus had a tremendous advantage among the Parliamentarians using sources they didn’t have while at the same time giving inside information to the Rothschilds for whom he served as a mole.  A telling anecdote is that on a mission to Paris he was introduced to James Rothschild, the French patriarch.  James casually mentioned to Dizzy:  I believe you know my nephew, meaning Lionel.  Hearing that Dizzy could lean back and feel comfortable.  He was included.

He thus had obligations to fulfill.  Europeans always wondered how the Jews were so well informed, seeming to have the news before it even took place.  They always had men in high places, some were bought while the Jewish officials just shunted the info over.  The mistake the French made in the Dreyfus Affair of the nineteens was to accuse him of channeling info to the Germans.  The route was Dreyfus to the Synagogue and from there to the Germans or whoever the Synagogue thought fit.  So it was with Johnthan Pollard in the US during the latter part of the twentieth century.  Pollard funneled reams of material to the Israelis and they used it to their advantage regardless to whom.  The info was disastrous for the US Intelligence agencies so much so that Pollard, a Jew, was given a life time sentence.  Needless to say, his people got him out after twenty-five years and he went to Israel with whatever else he knew.

The Jews thought that anyone who would put their enemy into positions, such as Prime Minister or inside Intelligence Agencies, must be crazy and they were right.

Disraeli, himself, was a very nasty piece.  Naturally, as a foreigner, and Jews were considered foreigners, Disraeli endured slights and affronts.  He was asked what he did to retaliate.  He said he never carried a grudge, he said that he just brushed them off.  He noted their names and wrote them on a piece of paper, put the paper in a box, which must have been chock full and when he looked in the box again, he found that his offenders had disappeared.  One can’t know exactly what he meant by that, whether by magic they had slipped from notice or they had serious ‘accidents’ and crossed the bar.  I can only speculate but when his closest associate, George Bentinck, died shortly after reaching his and Disrraeli’s objective he disappeared so that Disraeli was able to seize leadership of the party.  I think Disraeli’s life was filled with such coincidences.  You simply didn’t want to stand in his way.

The same goes for his fellow Jews.  If someone was in the way they were eliminated in one way or another.  Hence the horrendous list of assassinations after the ’48 and into the war years of WWI and WWII which make up a thirty years war.  The asymmetric war then was on.  The Jews, the instigator knew it, but the Europeans were slow to catch on.  The Jewish bete noir, Germany, was the only country who caught on or at least said they did.

Why Germany?  The answer is Jud Suss.  Because of Jud Suss, Germany had to perish.  After a hundred fifty years or so, the scab covering Suss came off.  As the Jews became more confident of taking Germany in the nineteen twenties the issue of Suss was revived by the Jews.  They had blood in their eyes.  While little information about Suss exists in the West, Lion Feuchtwanger wrote a historical novel in 1926 called simply Jud Suss, that met with great success while Selma Stern wrote a short book about the rise of the Court Jew emphasizing Suss’ career.  Then in 1930 Feuchtwanger found financing and made a movie of his book also titled simply, Jud Suss; in the US it was titled Power.  In addition in the US a movie was made glorifying the Rothschilds.  These movies were meant to vilify the Germans.

This set off a fire storm among the National Socialists.  They countered with an excellent movie on the Suss theme and then a magnificent film called The Rothschilds.  Evidently in an attempt to set the record straight.

I have said that the Jews wanted to destroy Germany and the Germans lock stock and barrel.  This will be unbelievable I believe to readers.  However, and  this is not interpretation, there was a genocidal plan to wipe the Germans and Germany from the earth that is well documented.  In 1940 the plan was released through the American Jewish Committee by its operative Theodore Kaufman in a pamphlet called Germany Must Perish.  This was not some off the wall publication but was distributed country wide, reviewed widely, even in Time Magazine and incorporated into Roosevelt’s post-war plans.  You can buy Kaufman’s book, it’s still available.

The plan was the if you castrated all the German men, Germans would ‘disappear’ within a generation. And then German industry was to be destroyed completely and turned into a pastoral territory divided amongst the surrounding countries.  This is not to be pooh poohed and taken lightly.  The National Socialists did not take it lightly.  I don’t know how confident they were of winning this massive war but they must have realized that with the Soviet Union on their East and the US, England and France on the West under the influence of the Jews their situation was perilous.  So, this threat of genocide from the Jews was not to be taken lightly.  Genocide was part of their history.  Ask the Amalekites.

I don’t believe that their plan before this genocidal threat was received was to genocide the Jews, but after it was received they definitely decided to eliminate them before the Jews eliminated them.  That’s called a pre-emptive strike, which the Jews always employ, and self-defense.  The ugly truth comes out. The Suss execution bugged the Jews so much that the US compelled Germany to pardon Suss in the aftermath of the war.  The Suss affair dominated Jewish thinking from 1740 to 1940, or 50.  Germany and the Germans were almost completely destroyed in vengeance.  England, the Soviet Union and the US were merely tools in the hands of the Jews.

To return to Disraeli.

To understand Disraeli one must place him in the proper perspective.  He is not English, could never be English.  If you’ve seen the movie The Day The Earth Stood Still, compare Disraeil with the spaceman Klaatu.  Klaatu looks human but he comes from an entirely different planet, a whole different mindset.  He cannot think like a human.  He is a stranger in a strange land as was Disraeli.  His people occupied a space between the English and say, the Gypsies.  He knew what the English knew and he knew what the English didn’t know.  He operated in two different worlds.

Here is a quote from Disraeli’s last novel, Endymion, that illustrates the difference. Disraeli is talking about the Three Glorious Days of the July Revolution in France in 1930, Chapter VII:

Quote

The men  who have won ‘three glorious days’ at Paris, want neither civilization nor religion.  They will not be content till they have destroyed both.

‘It is possible,’ he continued. ‘that they may be parried for a time; that the adroit wisdom of the house of Orleans, guided by Talleyrand, may give this movement the resemblance, and even the character, of a middle class revolution.  It is no such thing; the barricades were not erected by the middle class.  I know these people; it is a fraternity, not a nation.  Europe is honeycombed with their secret societies.  They are spread all over Spain.  Italy is entirely mined.  I know more of the southern than the norther nations;  but I have been assured, by one who should know, that the brotherhoods are organized throughout Germany and even in Russia.  I have spoken to the Duke about these things.  He is not indifferent, or altogether incredulous, but he is so essentially practical that he can only deal with what he sees.  I have spoken to the Whig leaders.  They tell me that there is only one specific, and that a complete one—constitutional government; that with representative institutions, secret societies cannot exist.  I may be wrong, but it seems to me that with these secret societies representative institutions will disappear.  And so they have today.

Unquote.

Roughly a hundred forty years later, that is as I write in 2021, representative institutions have all but disappeared under the influence of these secret societies.  The whole notion of Republics passed through Democracy into Synarchy and that is the actual state of society today.  A minority of delirious fanatics is running society.

At another time Disraeli was quoted as saying that a struggle was going on between the Rothschilds and the secret societies.  Once again he was scoffed.  But who should know better than he?  Apparently the English secret service was not so developed as to infiltrate these secret societies.  Their blindness allowed a whole new counterculture to develop that today controls the EU and the US.

The Rothschilds knew and they did have the sense to infiltrate the secret societies and indeed to take them over and turn them to Jewish uses.  This still will not be believed today as researchers are dismissed as crack pot Conspiracy Theorists.  There is no theory involved; it is historical fact.

So Disraeli was working in constitution government while, as he says, he knew the people he was talking about.  This raises the question, how did he know them and what was his association with them.  As he said that there was a struggle between them and the Rothschilds did the latter use him as an agent to deal with them? There is something here that needs to be explained.  He is the most preeminent of men and he couldn’t get his message across but was allowed to run the constitutional government.   Things can’t get much stranger than that.

He was routinely denounced as untrustworthy and he was untrustworthy.  He repeatedly worked against English interests and in favor of Jewish interests obviously as was explained in his novel of 1847 Tancred. Few people actually read Tancred although it was in their interest to do so.  Endymion was more widely read but Disraeli was dead by that time.

He was known as an expansionist and every expansion he secured weakened the British Empire a little more.  He obtained a useless appendage in Cyprus that drained England (and Ireland) of more men.

Some of this is too incredible to be true.  Such an incident was the acquisition of the Suez Canal Company’s shares.

A little background.  None of the biographers that I have read seem to realize the connection between Disraeli and the Rothschilds.  It is totally impossible that they wouldn’t have recognized that they were kindred spirits.  Disdraeli himself worshipped the Rothschilds.  It is highly improbable that Isaac D’Israeli and Nathan Rothschild didn’t collaborate in some fashion.  Isaac’s 1933 The Genius of Judaism would indicate that.  Isaac is talking about what he considers the very genius of the spirit of Judaism, without reference to any genius of individual Jews.  He is also trying to break down the resistance of the English to Judaism.

Nathan Rothschild named his headquarters New Court.  That is, a counter court to the Court of England.  In other words he Jews were in a contest to replace the English Court.  Isaac’s book is moving in the same direction.  The appearance of his book in 1933 is an indication that he thought the plan was advancing.  By1933 also Isaac would have thought that he could recommend Benjamin as someone to be accepted and encouraged.

Benjamin as a successful author of scandalous ‘novels’ had called attention to himself.  Now after 1933 he began a number of unsuccessful attempts to enter Parliament, shifting from party to party and ideology to ideology until he was finally selected in 1937.  He was permanently lodged there for the rest of his life.

Nathan died in 1936 succeeded by his son Lionel who was almost the same age as Disreali.  As a member of Parliament then he was befriended by Lionel and the two began cooperating but Disraeli was necessarily the junior party.  His three 1840s novels, Coningsby, Sybil, and Tancred give the plan away while in his character Sidona he lauds Lionel to the skies.  Even when he became the Prime Minister, a chief of England he acknowledged Lionel as his superior.

This was no more evident than in the Suez incident.  To enlarge the field of action:  The Rothschilds acted in concert while the English and French branches of the family were the linchpins.  Nathan’s brother James in Paris died in 1866 succeeded by his sons Gustave and Alphonse.   The French under De Lessups had built the canal.  The canal itself was not for sale but the Suez Canal Company that operated the canal concession had issued shares, the majority of which were owned by  the French, the remainder by the Khedive of Egypt.  The Khedive had fallen on hard times and wanted to sell his shares for four million pounds.

It is impossible that Lionel and the Gustave and Alphonse were not in communication with each other, perhaps even to buy the shares themselves; if so they realized the impracticability of the notion.

Parliament went into recess. At this precise moment Disraeli thought it was imperative for England to acquire the shares, however as Parliament was out of session the funds could not be voted on.  As Disraelj apparently thought it was imperative to get the shares acting on his own authority he went to Lionel and asked him to loan the four million pounds to England.

Disraeli, the Prime Minister of England, went to a mere usurer, which technically was all Lionel was, to ask him to loan the four million.  Now, maybe I’m wrong but as Prime Minister Disraeli took precedence over a mere money merchant.  Disraeli was offering the deal of a lifetime, better even than Nathan’s coup.

The Jews always talk as though they are thorough Englishmen, Germans, what have you, patriotic to the core.  Lionel, coolly looked at Disraeli and asked ‘What’s your collateral?’  This is an English Patriot asking.  Disraeli laughed, ‘The British Empire.’   So, this doofus Benjamin Disraeli signed a loan agreement putting the entire British Empire up as collateral for a mere four million pounds.  At that point, if Parliament came back in session and refused to honor Benjamin’s act the Jews would have owned the British Empire.  As soon as Parliament resumed they voted the four million and retired the loan.

But, for a few weeks loan, this patriotic Englishman, Lionel Rothschild, charged 15% at an annualized rate. One hundred thousand pounds.

Think about it, Disraeli put the Empire in jeopardy to merely buy a commercial company.  As with all his foreign affairs the canal led to the assumption of the Egyptian government by England thus spreading the military even thinner.   Egypt led to the Ang;lo-Egyptian Sudanese condominium and that led to military operations in the Sudan.  It was a sad day when Disraeli became Prime Minister.

Conclusion

Benjamin Disraeli died in 1881 just after he had published his last work, titled Endymion.  In reading this it should be apparent that there was the constitutional government, for the aware it is also clear that there were clandestine plotters or, in another name, Secret Societies.  History is not made up of only the former but a combination of the latter as well.  Given human psychology it is inevitable.  Disraeli repeatedly insisted upon it in his book and who was in a better position to know.  He even tells you that he familiar with Southern secret societies even going so far as to say that Italy was mined with them. 

In Endymion he gives an example involving Napoleon III in England, where he was compelled to go in disguise lest he be assassinated as the French government feared his doing what he did, that is seizing the government and making himself dictator.  This book is a good fictional account of how things worked.  If you look beyond the fictional paraphernalia the general method is true.

This work was published in 1880 when Disraeli was nearing death.  So it has a more relaxed reminiscent feel. It has none of the frenzy of Tancred or the wild exuberance of Coningsby. The book is a roman a clef so most of characters reflect real people.  Disraeli himself is Endymion, the beautiful boy toy of Greek mythology.  The Neuchatels, New Castles that match Nathan’s New Court are the Rothschilds at the apex of their glory in 1880.

Eighteen- eighty would be a pivotal point in English and European history.  The old generation, of which Disraeli was part was dying off.  The scene had shifted from the revolutionary mode of 1789, 1830, 1848 and perhaps 1870 to one of assassination and random bombing.  Included as a secret society is the freemasonry of Judaism, the Freemasons themselves, the Jesuits and the labor movement.  Those groups are above ground but tightly knit confederations who also function clandestinely.

The passage I quote centers around the career of Napoleon III prior to his election as Premier in France and his later usurpation of the government of France.  Bonapartism was not a dead letter in this Napoleon’s life.  It was feared that he would try to establish a regime which after many trials and tribulations he did.  He spent most of his early life in England.  According to Disraeli the Jews were instrumental in putting him in office.

According to Disraeli in this portrayal, Lous Napoleon (III) attended Eton school where Endymion was his fag, or servant.  At that time he was going by the name of the Count of Otranto,  At this time he is the mysterious Colonel Albert, then Prince Florestan and ultimately Napoleon.

The speaker here is Sidney Wilton who was Napoleon’s guardian.

I quote:

‘My unhappy ward,’ said Mr. Wilton; ‘you know, of course, something about him..’

‘Well, I was at school and college,’ said Waldershare, ‘when it all happened.  But I have just heard that you had relations with him.’

‘The most intimate; and there is the bitterness.  There existed between his mother Queen Agrippina and myself ties of entire friendship.  In her last years and in her greatest adversity she appealed to me to be the guardian of her son.

He inherited all her beauty and apparently al her sweetness of disposition. I took the greatest pains with him.  He was at Eton, and did well there.  He was very popular;  I never was so deceived in a boy in my life.  I thought him the most docile of human beings, and that I had gained over him an entire influence.  I am sure it would have been exercised for his benefit.  In short, I may say it now, I looked upon him as a son, and he certainly would have been my heir; and yet all this time, from his seventeenth year, he was immersed in political intrigue and carrying on plots against the sovereign of his country, even under my own roof.’

‘How very interesting!’ said Walershare.

It may be interesting to you; I know it cost me.  The greatest anxiety and sorrow, and even nearly compromised my honour.  Had I not a large hearted chief and a true man of the world to deal with, I must have retired from the government.’

‘How could he manage it?  said Waldershare.

‘You have no conception of the devices and resources of the secret societies of Europe,’ said Mr. Wilton.  ‘His drawing master, his fencing-master, his dancing master, all his professors  of languages, who delighted me by their testimony to his accomplishments and their praises of his quickness and assiduity, were active confederates in bringing about events which might have occasioned an European war.  He left me avowedly to pay a visit in the country, and I even received letters from him with the postmark of the neighbouring town; letters all prepared beforehand.  My first authentic information as to his movements was to learn, that he had headed an invading force, landed on the shores which he claimed as his own, was defeated and a prisoner.’

‘I remember it,’ said Waldershare.  ‘I had just then gone up to St. John’s and I remember reading it with the greatest excitement.’

All this was bad enough,’ said Mr. Wilton, ‘but this is not my sorrow.  I saved him from death, or at least a dreadful imprisonment.  He was permitted to sail to America on his parole that he would never return to Europe, and I was required, and on his solemn appeal I consented, to give my personal engagement that the compact should be sacred.  Before two years had elapsed, supported all this time, too, by my bounty, there was an attempt, almost successful, to assassinate the king, and my ward was discovered and seized in the capital.  This time he was immured, and for life, in the strongest fortress of the country; but secret societies laugh at governments, and though he endured a considerable imprisonment, the world has recently been astounded by hearing that he has escaped.  Yes; he is in London and has been here, though in studied obscurity, for some little time.

Unquote.

You will notice that England and Europe sent their hardcases to the US.  The US was the great dumping ground of Europe, especially after the ’48 when hordes of revolutionaries descended on NYC, spreading out from there.  Collateral damage of that event was that it transformed the US.

As Disraeli points out operatives can infiltrate anywhere.  When the Bolsheviks took over Russia they immediately sent operatives into every Western capital.  While the Soviet Union was not a secret they used secret operatives who infiltrated every move of any government.  Deep operators entirely disguised, posing as good hearted souls trying to make the world a better place intervened to get minimal sentences or even none.

In 1917 a fully operational system in place, surfaced.  In later twentieth century the great Jewish spy Johnathon Pollard was hired in the intelligence apparatus and transferred reams of material to his home base in Israel before his screen was penetrated.  His material completely disrupted the US’ foreign relations to benefit an Israel that was receiving billions of dollars of aid per year.

The US was devastated so much so that they give Pollard a life sentence over the pleas and protestations of both US and Israeli Jews.  It took twenty-five years of incessant agitation but Pollard was finally released to freedom.  He presently resides at his home in Israel where he is handsomely rewarded.

These clandestine groups and secret societies have to be taken seriously.   Add to this Disraeli’s racial outlook of which he was fully convinced.  I quote another passage from Endymion, pp. 360-61 that fully and emphatically emphasizes his view:

Quote:

There is another great race which influences the world, the Semite.  Certainly when I was at the Congress of Vienna, I did not believe that the Arabs were more likely to become a conquering people than the Tartars, and yet it is a question at this moment whether Mehemet Ali, at their head, they  may not found a new empire in the Mediterranean.  The Semites are unquestionably a great race, for among the few things in this world which appear to be certain;, nothing is more sure than that they invented our alphabet.  But the Semites now exercise a vast influence over affairs by their smallest though most peculiar family, the Jews.  There is no race gifted with so much tenacity, and such skill in organization.  These qualities have given them an unprecedented hold over property and illimitable credit.  As you advance in life, and get experience in affairs, the Jews will cross you everywhere.  They have long been stealing into our secret diplomacy, which they have almost appropriated; in another quarter of a c century they will claim their share of open government.  Well, these are races, men and bodies of men, influenced in their conduct by their particular organization and which must enter into all the calculations of a statesman. But what do they mean by the Latin race? Language and religion do not make a race—there is only one thing which makes a race, and that is blood.    

Unquote.

Then and now, you couldn’t possibly state it more clearly except possibly with technological discoveries not known in Disraeli’s time.

The man is not always accurate.  Mehemet Ali was an Albanian and not a Semite.  Europeans acting in concert easily frustrated any plans he had.

Disraeli says that, ‘they have been stealing into our secret diplomacy, which they have almost appropriated.’  So, does anyone really believe that Dreyfus the Frenchman convicted for espionage in the nineties wasn’t guilty?  Of course he was.  Does anyone not believe that Johnathan Pollard, twentieth century US didn’t ‘appropriate’ reams and reams of secrets and give them to Israeli?  A question not worth asking.  How can one not believe that Disraeli was not cooperating with the Rothschilds?

‘An unprecedented hold over property and illimitable credit…’  Might as well say they own the world.  Disraeli’s enthusiasm gets away from him but he quite rejoices in matters that Jews today deny.

This essay cuts off at 1880 when Disraeli and his generation disappeared.  Lionel died in 1879,  James was already gone in 1866 while civilization transited from one mind set to another.

Matters are being led however to the first phase of the Great Thirty Years War of 1914-1945 that Falk predicted.

Disraeli/George W.M. Reynolds

Western Civilization After Jud Suss

by

R.E. Prindle

So, in 1740 the Wurttembergers hung the Jud Suss, Joseph Oppenheimer, high; from a special gallows thirty feet high, so that the body couldn’t be cut down or absconded with.   The shame to the Jews as the body was visible for miles was too much for them to bear.  To cover their shame a legend was invented.  It was said that the clever Jews mysteriously removed the body and substituted a Christian for it.  Jewish magic, perhaps.

The Jews were considered powerful sorcerers capable of any magic by the Europeans.  Numerous Jews roamed the country sides claiming to be the legendary two thousand year old Wandering Jew who had insulted Jesus on the way to Gethsemane and was condemned to wander until Jesus came again.  And most Europeans believed this to be true.  Sightings were reported frequently

More likely, if Suss had been replaced, they soused the guard in alcohol or mesmerized the guards so that they couldn’t see.  It may have seemed mysterious in the eighteenth century but here in the twenty-first century all magical tricks have been explained.  The Jews are magical and mysterious no more although most  believe they are.

Suss may or may not have been picked apart by the crows but the effect of his career in Wurttemberg became the stuff of legend in both Jewish and gentile worlds.  The Europeans reviewed Suss’ career with apprehension, the Jews with awe.  Suss had done it!  He had shown how to usurp a duchy, how to become the actual if not legitimate ruler.  Jewish Court Jews need no longer crawl before their goyim sovereigns or have their loans repudiated, now they could see how they could stand as equal.  And it could all be done with money and chutzpah.  If money were the issue the Rothschilds would soon show Europeans that they were superior. God bless democracy.  Who controlled the currency controlled the country.

The second half of the eighteenth century was the hustler’s delight.  Confidence men abounded.  The eighteenth century term was an adventurer.  A little esoteric knowledge, physics and chemical tricks that baffled the knowledge not only of the uneducated people, but people of prominence also.

The enlightenment and science had opened many doors.  The century was crazy with activity too.  Wars, the Industrial Revolution, astonishing scientific discoveries, many more magical than magic itself.  Things you couldn’t even see, like germs, had profound effects on people.  The seven planets moved, the Earth too: around the sun!  Telescopes and microscopes all penetrated the consciousness slowly.  Many of these discoveries are even disbelieved by large numbers today.  If the Earth moved was true, what wasn’t?  Gravity?  Who even had ever heard of that.  Even today the concept has never been well understood.

Thus the confidence men did what confidence men do—they swindled and cheated and prospered.  Long cons, short cons and all the while there was no system of personal identification.  A con could move from place to place after he had outworn his welcome in one.  Terrific.  Life was good.

The period was the field of dreams for the greatest confidence man who ever lived, the astonishing Jacques Casanova.  What a career he had.  And after he had been discovered as a confidence man in every country of Europe he sat down to write his memoirs of his astonishing exploits and what memoirs they are.  Still in demand today.  Twelve fabulous volumes, usually combined in six.  Chutzpah that would make a Jew writhe in envy.

Then there was the Jewish Casanova, a man who went by the name of Falke or Dr. Falckon, that’s a great con man’s handle.  All through the last half of the eighteenth century revenge for Suss was on the Jewish mind.  The hopes disappointed by the execution of Suss had been taken as a major crime against the people and as their hopes had been blighted so Europe’s hopes had to be blighted.  Remember the Amalekites.  After having been chased out of Egypt the Jews, or Hebrews at that time, nearly four million strong, according to biblical accounts, had asked the Amalekites to let them pass through their miniscule land.  Four million with no doggy bags. Imagine a city the size of Chicago traipsing around the desert for forty years.  Ye cods, what a mess.  It would probably have taken that many people months to pass through.  The impossibility is obvious but it’s there in the bible.  Just imagine getting four million people moving on a daily basis.  Food?  Water?  Good thing the Lord sent manna showering down on a daily basis and split rocks to provide water for four million and untold numbers of animals. 

Of course the Amalekites said no.  They didn’t want their country destroyed.  No doggy bags.  Imagine cleaning up that mess.

This minor denial was so insulting to the Jews that they never forgot and never forgave, they thirsted for revenge.  A century later they returned and put every last Amalekite, man, woman and child to the sword.  Genocide, the only expiation possible.  And now the Europeans had deprived them of Suss’ triumph.

The whole Suss adventure has to be really put into context to understand its impact.  What actually happened was that Duke Karl Alexander ceded his power to Suss by a power of attorney.  He trusted Suss.  It’s as though Suss was the President of Wurttemberg while the Duke was Commander in Chief of the armed forces.  The French were embattling the Rhineland so that the Duke had to pay attention to military affairs.  This left Suss with his power of attorney free to do as he chose.  The man was totally unscrupulous as will be shown shortly.  When the Duke returned from campaigning he found himself the Junior Partner because he was financially dependent on his controller of the currency.

Suss was no shrinking violet, he reveled in his power.  Frankfort, just North of Wurttemberg, was the Jewish power center in Germany and Europe.  Suss was connected and he built himself a magnificent palace outside the Ghetto, a rare privilege, to show off his wealth and power.  And he had the wealth or Wurttemberg Both were well known.  When he fell then, the crash was heard all over Europe in both Jewish and European centers. The crash and the whole situation must have been a major topic of conversation everywhere.

Other conmen such as Casanova, who was not Jewish, and Falk who was must have sniffed the air in wonder.  The other Court Jews must have been set to thinking while their Sovereigns must also have looked to their interests.  However, for the Jews they were not resigned to their humiliation.  Vengeance must be had.  But how.

  The Europeans too would have to be put to the sword.  Genocide, the only possible solution but how to do it.  A plan has to start somewhere.  Minds turned themselves to the problem.  The base of operations would have to be secure.  England would have been the most secure place as a base of opeations.  It was close to Europe but outside.  The police power was least evident there.  Because the Glorious Revolution expelled the Stuarts a foreign German dynasty had been placed on the throne by a select group  of families who had gained control of the country.  George I, himself, spent little time in England preferring to pass the time in his German duchy, as did his successor George II.  Thus power passed from the Crown to the Parliament.  This situation closely resembled that of the Doge of Venice who was a mere figurehead   in the control of the chief families.  This situation was recognized by a man named Benjamin D’Israeli in Venice and he saw the opportunity.  Shortly after the execution of Suss he picked up stakes and moved to London.  There he prospered mightily and gave birth to his son Isaac D’ Israeli who in his turn gave birth to his father’s namesake, Benjamin Disraeli the Younger.  In almost exactly one hundred years, three generations Benjamin the Younger would be in control of the Conservative Party.

It could be a coincidence or it could have been a hope that turned into a reality.  In any event Benjamin Disraeli would be instrumental in opening England to the Jews.

The decisive point of origin was probably Frankfort the home of the Rothschilds.  it appears that between D’Israelis and the Rothschilds the agent was this Dr. Falckon, or, Falk.  Minds must have busy on the continent, after all the Rothschilds would make the early move.  If you’re on the qui vive with a will, solutions will appear.  Suss had given the example, follow it.  Where would be the best place to begin.  England.

Falk himself barely survived to put the ball in motion.  His predations as a Wandering Jew were apparently done so openly that he was a wanted man in nearly every European country.  In Westphalia, Germany he was arrested, tried and condemned to the flames.  Burning indicates a religious offence, if so, the record of the crime hasn’t survived.  Europe became too hot to hold a confidence man of his boldness.

Fortunately for him a new land had opened in the West, far West, that is, the offshore island of England.  England had been closed to the Jews since 1290 but was reopened in 1660 by Cromwell.   It had been less than a century when Falk arrived that the island had been opened to the Jews.  It had been closed for five hundred years.  They came straggling back but even in the 1740s there was no organized community.  European Jews who perhaps thought it expedient to move had been crossing the channel to that land of freedom and liberty for eighty years when Falk trucked over in seventeen forty-two. 

England was already a wild frontier for the Jews.  According to some their population in London about the end of the century was in the neighborhood of ten thousand.  They were housed in the far Eastern boroughs of London: White Chapel, Spitalfields and others.

Whereas the Jewish populations of Europe were organized into official Communities with established governments and discipline and policing, out on the English frontier it was more individualistic.  Perhaps because of his reputation Falk lived apart from the Jewish areas as he began to develop his mystery and magical tricks as the Ba’al Shem of the Name of London.  A Ba’al Shem was styled Master of the Name, one who could use the various names of God to work marvels or wonders.  A fortune teller deluxe, a medicine man, a snake oil salesman as they said further out West in the Colonies, a confidence man.

Having emigrated from the Continent you may be sure that Falk, Dr. Falckon, knew all the fraudsters.  In fact, and this is amazing, the Czarina of all the Russias, Catherine the Great, wrote a play mocking both Falk and Casanova so it shouldn’t be too surprising that Casanova showed up in England, perhaps following in Falk’s footsteps, where he soon found out he wasn’t welcome.  One of the leading figures who helped foment the French Revolution, Joseph Balsamo, better known as the fraudster, Cagliostro, showed up also in the years preceding the Revolution. So three of history’s all time great confidence men were in the same place at the same time. The first outbreak of the Great Revolution would occur in 1789.

Was the Revolution a case of spontaneous combustion?  Don’t even think it; it was all managed, planned and while it occurred in France don’t believe for a minute that it wasn’t seconded by a great many in England.  While the Jewish community are not comfortable with the notion that Falk was a key architect, Unknown Superior, it is near certain that he was.  He had extensive relations with the pawn shop owners.  As receivers of stolen goods identifiable pieces had to be moved to the continent to avoid detection, Holland was the contact point, especially for jewels, while Hamburg was also essential.  Thus contacts between England and the Continent were facilitated.

While the next reference is from fiction it is very likely based on fact. His name was George W. M. Reynolds.  He was writing in the 1840s and 50s.  He too was a revolutionist who took part in the third phase of the Great Revolution, that of 1848.  In Vol. III of the English Writer’s Mysteries of London he has a character called Old Death, a pawn shop owner, that may have been influenced by Dr. Falckon.  Old Death has a very extensive system of European contacts.  Remember too, that this period had no passports, people moved freely about.  Policing was minimal, especially in England.  While the Jews were not keen on researching on this aspect of Falk’s career a twentieth century English woman by the name of Nesta Webster was.  She was a researcher to the point of exhaustion.  She went where no man had gone before, digging deep into the archives.  She found a connection, the Freemasons.

Oh ho, you say, the Freemasons, you say.  If it isn’t the Jews it’s the Freemasons!  I don’t say it, she said it, and she came up with a truckload of dirt.  The Freemasons!  Well, they had gone public in 1717 in England.  Prior to that they had been clandestine but in 1714 Queen Anne, the last of the Stuarts died and was replaced by George I who was brought in from Germany.  The great English families had no longer fear of being suppressed so they came out into the open.

George was not particularly interested in politics, spending a lot of time in Germany.  Thus the Parliament rose in importance staffed by the Whig Party of the Great Families.  Perhaps it was for that reason the Masons chose to enter the world of light.  Many of the members of Parliament would have been Freemasons.  From Scotland and England Freemasonry was carried to France where the Chevalier Ramsay took his Scottish Rite that renovated French Masonry and provided a base for revolutionary activity that opened the way for the Illuminati.

Falk, he too being a member, thus had another means of coordinating activities in France.  He was accused of doing so although from appearances his role was carefully disguised.  The target for revolutionary agitation wasn’t England however, it was France.  The Scottish Rite of 33 degrees had been perfected, this is very important, and established in France.  Masonic lodges became all the rage so that the undermining of French society began in earnest.  The lodges were open to all classes of society so that the commoners and the aristocracy socialized on terms of equality thus undermining respect for the aristocrats.

Masonry was hep to equality?  If you don’t think that was condemning traditional society open your eyes and mind.  Look at these things closely, a very insidious plot will bloom before your eyes.  Now, this isn’t pertinent to the times but it grew out of the Masonic policy in a manner.

Socialist demand for equality was very strong in the US at the turn of the twentieth century.  Immigration opened the doors wide.  To bring the immigrants into American society a phenomenon particular to the times was the Settlement House.  Jane Addams’ place in Chicago set the tone.  Her father was an extreme socialist.  He believed that people could never be equal until everyone dressed in the same style and quality.

This desire raged through the aughts and teens and into the Great War- WWI.  A Jewish fellow, Bernard Baruch (very famous in his time) was the Czar of the WIB (War Industries Board).  The WIB was socializing American Industry.  As part of that plan, realizing Jane Addam’s father’s wish, Baruch was about to initiate a program in which, to use women’s clothing as an example, all dress styles were to be limited to six with only one quality.  The end of the war stopped that plan.  Temporarily.  Check out the riches man of the world today who walks around in denim like everyone else and lives in a tiny house.  Very equal. 

If one looks about today one will see only one or two costumes, jeans and t’s.  Torn jeans, impersonating the poorest of the poor.  So see, today Jane Addams’ father’s dream has come true.  The Communists dictate what you can wear and you don’t know it.  Well, enough of that, back to England during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

So the wedge was driven.  Mrs. Webster was the first to make the connection of Dr. Falckon and from there she expanded his involvement in the revolution.  He was heard to say that there would soon be a thirty years war of extreme destruction and after that a peace.  That may possibly have been the revolutionary plan because the destruction of life in the French Revolution was extensive and abandoned, and an actual thirty years war took place between 1914-45.  What happened made the good doctor a prophet.

Doctor Falckon was correct in his prediction as the French Revolution burst forth in 1789 while ramping up to the holocaust of 1793, one of the most significant years in the history of mankind.

The hanging of Suss cannot be stressed enough.  The idea of a Jew on the scaffold according to Benjamin Disraeli the Younger was impossible:

Quote:

The Jew is sustained by a sublime religion.  However degraded he may be, ‘the patriarchal feeling still lingers about his heart.’ ‘The trumpet of Sion still sounds in the Hebrew ear, and a Jew is never seen upon the scaffold unless it be an auto-da-fe.’

Unquote.

This is of course fanciful but the feeling of purity is there.  Thus the intense feeling of rage and hatred for the Jews to see Suss hanging high above their heads was an outrage that had to be avenged in no ordinary way.  Remember the Amalekites.  Europeans beware.

First there was the feeling by the Jews that Suss was innocent.  Through the use of the Power of Attorney he was able to act legally  in committing his crimes in the actual persona of Duke Karl Alexander.  The Duke had split his persona and two Dukes were in the land.  In a legal fiction it was as though Suss’ crimes had been committed by the Duke even though the volition was that of Suss.  The Duke had no knowledge of what Suss was doing.

This was the same arrangement that Pres.  Woodrow Wilson had with the Jew Bernard Baruch in 1917-18 when Wilson made him co-president with full presidential powers, no need to even consult Wilson.  Very remarkable.

However, there was an old law on the books in Wurttemberg that made it a capital offense for a Jew to have sexual relations with a Christian woman.  Suss was clearly guilty of this offence which included the wife of the Duke himself.  Thus, Suss was convicted and sentenced to death.  If one law exculpated himself, another law condemned him.  Hence he was executed for his dastardly crimes but, in Jewish eyes for no offence at all.  In other words, Suss was guilty according to Gentile law but innocent by Jewish law.  Jewish law took supremacy over Gentile law in Jewish eyes hence the Germans would have a day of reckoning.

The anger of the Wurttembergers was so intense that they not only sent a Holy Jew to the scaffold but increased the humiliation a thousand fold by elevating his body thirty feet high in an iron cage and not only that they left Suss hanging for many years as a perpetual reminder.

The penalty the Jews would enact on them was horrendous, no less than the total destruction of the German land and the desolate humiliation of the Gentiles as German women were raped over and over and over by gangs of men.  If Suss were still up there, he would be smiling boldly.  So much for Germans and their law.

The question was how to bring this desideratum about.  It couldn’t be done immediately and it would take careful preparation and perhaps a hundred years or more.  The starting point, horrible enough, was the French Revolution.  Every institution of Europe had to be taken over by Jews who from the inside could direct the affairs of European nations toward this goal.

Thus the whole Jewish nation was into this first stage.  England was invaded as it offered the freedom to operate that the Jews needed.  Thus Falk managed continental operations from London. He operated through pawn shops.  At the same time he used his magus influence on that element of English society that was superstitious.  They gave him hundreds of thousands of pounds much as Jim Jones managed Jonestown in twentieth century America.

Always with a vision of Suss hanging high before them a rough plan slowly materialized.  The key to the plan was England.  As the most influential country in European affairs with the emergence of the Balance of Power politics, combined with the countervailing influence of the Liberal/Socialist/Communist ideological power that erupted in five of the most of the most vicious and murderous revolutions that were managed largely by Jews, and the invincible control of the currencies of All English and Continental countries the Jewish power was cleverly concealed until the proper moment. the Revolution of all Revolutions, WWI and II.  All was skillfully managed. 

Mayer Amschel Rothschild had been born just after the execution of Jud Suss.  The legend would be honor bright amid the conversation of his fellow Jews.  Mayer Amschel was born into and operated out of the central Jewish Community of the Frankfort ghetto; the clearing house of Jewish planning.  All opinion flowed into Frankfort.  Suss’ mansion outside the gates of the ghetto, the only Jew that had ever been allowed this favor, could be pointed to as the inspirational goal of all Judaism in the conquest of Europe.

Is it a wonder that having amassed a fortune well before the Landgrave’s millions acquired through the Napoleonic invasion, which proved his wisdom, Mayer Amshel had positioned his five sons in five key capitals to gain control of their currencies.  Things were bumbling along rather unsuccessfully until Mayer Amshel through his relationship as a Court Jew gained access to the Landgrave’s millions which he forwarded to his son Nathan in London .  Thus between 1806 and 1812, Nathan, or Natan as he preferred the Jewish form, gained control of the English currency.

Between 1812 and 1833 then, Nathan had cemented the Jewish dominant position in England.  England was still intensely disapproving of any religious organization other than the Church of England.  Catholics, Dissenters and Jews all suffered civil disabilities.  It was necessary then to remove Jewish disabilities so that they could operate freely.  This was no simple task as prejudices were strong.  Once again, they needed an inside man to work within the political organization.  That agent would have to assume the disguise of a Christian in order to be seated..

It so happened that a Jewish fellow by the name of Isaac D’Israeli had emerged to supply that agent in character of his son, Benjamin Disraeli.  Isaac was a quiet retired man devoted to his study and studies.  He was a writer, not an author nor a novelist but a compiler of the odd fact.  He first gained recognition with his series of six little books titled Curiosities of Literature.  The series did fairly well and established a reputation for him.  They would also give him an introduction to Nathan Rothschild.  And thus two conspirators with the same object came together.  Isaac married in 1802 and gave birth to a son in 1804.  That son was Benjamin Disraeli the Younger who would one day become Prime Minister and seal the fate of England.

Benjamin would turn thirteen in 1817.  Thus shortly after his Bar Mitzvah he adopted Christianity as a second religion.  One that would allow him to function as an enfranchised Englishman, able to enter Parliament as a mole for Judaism.

Actually Isaac had worked out a religious system that would have allowed Jews to function in English society as Benjamin did.  In an early version of Jews for Jesus he determined that Christianity was just another version of Judaism, thus the New Dispensation was a continuation of the first.  It completed Judaisim.  Thus, his son didn’t actually convert to Christianity  but took Christianity as a second Jewish religion while he remained wholly racially Jewish.  As he always said, race is the whole thing, as that didn’t change he never abandoned Judaism.  He embraced The Genius of Judaism whole and entire.  Neither Isaac nor Benjamin however would ever disguise their loyalty to Judaism.

While Isaac was working away in his study he was developing the creed for the ‘Christians’, that is English people, to follow in their relations with the Jews. While the Jews could use their Christian side it was impossible for Christians to pose as Jews. That creed was contained in his small book titled The Genius Of The Jews.  While never a big seller then and totally ignored now it is yet a very important book as Benjamin was able to spread the ideas without mentioning the book.

Isaac knew the importance of literature and a literary reputation so Benjamin was encouraged to develop a literary career.  Thus from the age of twenty he turned out a succession of volumes until he had established a career in Parliament by 1848, that revolutionary year, when he abandoned writing until the end of his career when he published two more books. 

At this point we should discuss Isaac’s The Genius of the Jews in some detail.

There were many reasons for Isaac D’Israeli to have written his book in 1833.  He emphasizes the Jewish concept of a creator, as in the phrase the Creator created.  A reason for this may have been that Charles Lyell had published his volumes The Principles of Geology in which he demolished the notion that the universe and earth had been created by God only some five thousand years before.  No idea had been more firmly entrenched in both Jewish and Gentile ideology.  The total destruction of the notion of creation completely destroyed the Jewish vision of history invalidating their doctrines. 

Science vs. religion would become increasingly urgent as the century progressed.  Thus, when Darwin announced his version of evolution in 1859 his son Benjamin Disraeli went ballistic.  Within two years he denounced evolution as being the apes of evolution and the angels of Jewish religion.  Which side are you on, he asked, the apes or Science, or the angels of religion?  For himself, he said, he was on the side of the angels.

Strangely enough he denounced the notion of evolution in 1848’s Tancred when he denounced a much more clear concept of evolution than Darwin’s and years before. I quote: Chapter XV,

Quote.

After making herself very agreeable, Lady Constance took up a book which was at hand, and said, ‘Do you know this?’  And Tancred opening a volume which he had never seen, and then turning to the title page, found it was ‘The Revelations of Chaos,’ a startling work just published and of which a rumour had reached him.

‘No,’ he replied; ‘I have not seen it.’

‘I will lend it you if you like: it is one of those books one must read.  It explains everything, and is written in a very agreeable style.’

‘It explains everything!’ said Tancred; ‘it must, indeed, be a very remarkable book!’

‘I think it will suit you,’ said Lady Constance.  ‘Do you know, I thought so several times while I was reading it.’

‘To judge from the title, the subject is rather obscure,’ said Tancred.

‘No longer so,’ said Lady Constance.  ‘It is treated scientifically; everything is explained by geology and astronomy, and in that way.  It shows you exactly how a star is formed; nothing can be so pretty!  A cluster of vapour, the cream of the Milky Way, a sort of celestial cheese, churned into light, you must read it, ‘tis charming.’

‘Nobody ever saw a star formed,’ said Tancred.

‘Perhaps not.  You must read the “Revelations;” it is all explained.  But what is most interesting, is the way in which man has been developed.  You know, all is development.  The principle is perpetually going on.  First, there was nothing, then there was something; then, I forget the next, I think there were shells, then fishes; then we came, let me see, did we come next?  Never mind that, we came at last.  And the next change there will be something very superior to us, something with wings.  Ah! That’s it:  we were fishes and I believe we shall be crows.  But you must read it.’

Unquote.

Lyell, who Lady Constance was quoting, had just destroyed the basis of both Judaism and Christianity, religion in general.  Science then must be rejected to preserve the fable as the Creator didn’t actually Create.  Disraeli makes a little comedy of it but as he would say thirteen years later, he was on the side of the Angels.  Interesting that Lyell had a better idea of evolution twelve years earlier than Darwin

Underlying all the political questions is the religious one of apes and angels and whatever other scientific developments that made belief in Jewish mythology an  impossibility.  This was the Jewish dilemma.  And also all religion including Catholics and Protestants.  Benjamin Disraeli himself was anti-science. He pooh poohed it.  Jewish magic came first in his mind.

In more practical terms the task Isaac had assigned himself was to undermine the Christian foundation of England.  Benjamin, perhaps, echoing his father said in his tome Coningsby that all heroes had to destroy in order to create.  In that sense then Isaac, the great literary man being master of two cultures, the Jewish and Christian, had to destroy current Christian mores and English confidence in themselves.  That is the purpose of his book, to establish Jewish supremacy as being the elder religion.  In his mind Christianity was merely a pale version of Judaism. A Junior Branch grafted onto the Senior trunk of the olive tree.  It was the Christian’s duty to honor the Jewish father.

In the opening words of Chapter one of the Genius of Judaism he lays down the law for the English to follow:

Quote:

  The existence of the “peculiar people” professing the ancient Jewish faith has long been an object of religious conviction, and of philosophical curiosity.  The Hebrew separated from the Christian, at a period of the highest civilization, holds an anomalous position in society; and with some truth it may be said, that he exists in a supernatural state.  The Genius of Judaism remains immutable, requiring every concession, but yielding none; perpetuating human institutions, which, from their very nature, passed away, and still cherishing the prejudices of barbarous aeras.  But that the Christian of the nineteenth century should remain for the Hebrew the Christian of the ninth, is a moral anachronism

It will not be by taking the popular view of the manners of this singular people that we shall allay the fanaticism of Jew or Christian. [N.B.]  We must learn to feel like Jews when we tell of their calamities, and to reason like Christians when we detect their fatuity.

Unquote.

Note that he seems to say that the relationship between Jews and Christians has evolved since the ninth century and, I gather, Jews should not fear the Christian as much because, say, an institution such as the Inquisition exists.  The distance between has lessened and Christians can now be converted to a form of pure Judaism.

The above quote is the core of the book.  Christians are to place the interests of the Jews above their own.  Isaac acknowledges the New Dispensation of Christ but only by placing it side by side to the Old Dispensation.  Thus Jews can feel the Christian or New Dispensation but the Gentiles remain inferior because they have only the New Dispensation but cannot share in the Old Dispensation.  Thus armed Benjamin went out in the world in an inferior position but armed with a strong notion of superiority.

Isaac and his son formed a close alliance with the Rothschilds who would in a manner through their control of currencies be the actual Emperors of Europe.  Jewish money controlled European politics.  The Two Nations Disraeli would write about in his tract, Sybil.

Now comes the kicker.  Isaac had his son Benjamin named after his grandfather.  His Grandfather lived through the Suss episode thus Benjamin like all Jews was indoctrinated and conditioned from his infancy, this doesn’t seem clear to non-Jewish writers but it is so.  Benjamin then, was a Jew of the Jews never faltering in his Judaism even though nominally a Christian.  He was of the elder branch functioning in the Jr.

I have no doubt that Isaac had his son baptized so that he could serve as a mole in politics. Never mind the nonsense that Isaac abandoned his Judaism.  He stopped going to synagogue but he never abandoned his race and as Benjamin never tired of saying:  Race is everything. It must never be forgotten that the Jews are trying to establish the Millennium.  The thousand year Jewish Reich.  Under English laws the Jews were not enfranchised and suffered civil disabilities.  It was these civil disabilities that Lionel Rothschild, Nathan’s son, would challenge and change.  Thus, gaining a seat in Parliament as a Jew rather than an Englishman was essential.  English mores could be seriously undermined thereby.  As Benjamin would say then within twenty-five years Jews would be co-members of England.  The English would be second.

As it was important to get a mole inside the House of Commons, upon his Bar Mitzvah Benjamin ‘the Younger’ also took a Christian identity.  This was no liability because as Isaac explained because Judaism is the root of Christianity and Christianity the branch Benjamin could function as a full Jew while appearing to have a Christian identity.  This position while possible and honorable for a Jew was denied the Other, in this case, the Christian Englishman.  On the other hand statutes forebade the Jew English rights; no Jew could serve in the Parliament without taking the oath of a Christian.  In fact there were Jewish members of Parliament who had taken the oath.

The denial of not only full rights but superior rights was a crime, and one that would not be forgotten, that had to be corrected, and that by ‘any means necessary’, criminally or honorably or in combination of both.  Thus the Jewish method was to use both ends of the spectrum.  They led in the labor movement at one end and in banking at the other end.  Thus they could be pro-Communist and pro-Capitalist at one and the same time.  In the US at the beginning of the twentieth century the most famous criminals were Jewish while Justice Brandeis of the Supreme Court was the soul of respectability.  These patterns have remained the same since the French Revolution.

The Genius of the Jews is an important book to read and understand or else you don’t have a clue about what was and is going on.

Working inside and outside the establishment Benjamin and Lionel Rothschild took over England by destroying English mores and replacing them with Jewish mores.  As Benjamin predicted he was to be the Prime Minister of England.  Anyone who stood in the way was destroyed.  By century’s end England was an English majority essentially ruled by a Jewish minority,(a Synarchy) although few if any recognized this central fact.

Isaac D’Israeli thoroughly indoctrinated and conditioned his son as Benjamin says, from his infancy.

Isaac had obtained his acceptance by the English through his writing while nominally rejecting the Jews.  He therefore encouraged Benjamin to do the same.  From the age of twenty, then, Benjamin began to write books.  I wouldn’t call them novels but fanciful portrayals of his life without too much attention to actual situations although always based on them.  The stories follow quite closely Isaac’s visions of The Genius of Judaism.

Benjamin’s persona and appearance was a sort of garish dandyism with outrageous chutzpah that quite set him apart from the Parliamentarians he would associate with in later life.  Chutzpah was always his method.  His books were received well by his intended audience although not barn burners.  They barely moved the income needle.  The books did ingratiate him with the Rothschilds, especially Lionel when he succeeded Nathan in 1836.  Bejamin was a frequent guest of Lionel’s while working with him as Lionel tried to gain admittance to Parliament on his terms rather than Parliament’s.  Lionel was easily elected but as a City member of which there were six, where he had great influence.  Lionel did succeed in being sworn in as a Jewish member rather than an English member thus knocking Parliament off center as he was admitted along with the newly enfranchised Catholics.  Thus the harmony of the all Protestant Parliament was turned more hostile.

Benjamin’s early books referenced himself while always pushing the Jewish agenda.  In 1837 he succeeded in reaching Parliament.  As may be assumed he was greatly resented as a Dandy and a flashy dresser and his very forward personality as well as being a Jew.  Although nominally a Christian he acted and functioned as a Jew, as he repeatedly said, race is all, blood will out.

About 1844 he began writing his amazing trilogy Coningsby, Sybil and Tancred. After which he ceased writing stories until 1870 when he published Lothair and again in 1880 when he published Endymion.

In 1852 he published his biography of Sir George Bentinck.  All these books lauded the Jews while disparaging the English.  His flights of fancy are remarkable for someone who wished to be taken seriously.  That they didn’t destroy his career is remarkable.

Coningsby was written when he and Lionel Rothschild had become if not fast friends, close associates.  His portrayal of Lionel as the book’s hero Sidonia is so exaggerated as to be in a class with the twentieth century’s comic book Superman.  About the only thing missing in Lionel’s portrayal was the inability to leap over tall buildings.  Benjamin’s  comments on the Jews closely replicate those of his father’s The Genius of Judaism.  Benjamin said that he would not obscure his Jewishness and in these three books he succeeds in outrageously flaunting it.  The amazing thing is that they didn’t destroy his career although he did have to study to keep a bold face.

As I said Benjamin was Chutzpah personified.  His method was to attack personally, defamation to destroy credibility.  Since 1832 and England’s Reform Bill England had been in a revolutionary state with the conclusion taking place in 1848.

Society was in a period going through great changes of which the effects were generally unrecognized in England as such.  By 1841-48 the stresses were becoming apparent.

We are primarily concerned here with the years 1841-48, the years directly leading up to the third revolution of ’48.  The revolution of ’30 was incomplete in that it did not entirely terminate the monarchy of France; ’48 would do that on the Continent while failing that in England.

The revolutionists had different goals. In England a moderate group called the Chartists came into existence, then there was the Jewish revolution while the Marx-Engels Communists took up a position.  While not acknowledged as such a one man revolution worked toward the overthrow of the English Monarchy and the Aristocracy, he aligned himself with the Chartists.  His name was George W.M Reynolds.

Reynolds came to prominence as a novelist and soon became one of note.  Due to the peculiarities of the literary mind, although Reynolds is certainly the equal of any nineteenth century novelist if not superior to any.  Perhaps because he wrote in a more popular style rather than the haut ton literary style he was dismissed. 

Politically he was very active, even taking part in the English version of the ’48.  In addition to his novels he ran an activist very popular magazine, Reynolds’ Miscellany, and a well read weekly newspaper that managed to survive into the nineteen sixties.  He was considered a threat by the government.

Reynolds personal revolution clashed with the three others, more especially the Jewish revolution. The famous Benjamin Disraeli led the Jewish revolution from his seat in Parliament where after 1848 he was the leader of his party, the Tories.  His political career was actually a tour de force.  At the time prejudice toward the Jews ran high so that while Disraeli was prominent in Parliament even becoming Prime Minister in his declining years there was a strong animus against him which he encouraged by his writing which virulently advocated the innate superiority of the Jews over the English. Those of this period were titled Coningsby, Sybil, and Tancred.  They were viewed with dismay by the English.

Revolution In The Forties

Benjamin Disraeli will be our focus in the next section.  But he will have to share the limelight with certain literary persons.  The specific writers are Charles Dickens, George W. M. Reynolds, James Malcolm Rymer and Thomas Prescott Prest.  The revolutionary nature of the writings of these authors is not well understood.  As they were all social critics their revelations reflected back on the government, and reference their revolutionary activities.  These activities came into conflict with Jewish revolutionary activities because Jewish activists were noticed by them and criticized their portrayal of Jews.  The writer weren’t ‘reasoning as Christians when they detected Jewish fatuities.;

The most famous conflict took place between the innocuous Charles Dickens and his Jewish critics, the story is well known.  In his novel Oliver Twist he fashioned a criminal character based on live models he named Fagin.  While there were many real life examples of Fagins in London society, the Jews took offence that a Jewish criminal was executed.  They remonstrated with Dickens and threatened him.  Dickens then rewrote the character eliminating the scaffold scene.  As Disraeli said that one place you will never find a Jew is on the scaffold. The offensive parts no longer occur in reissues so to understand the issue a reader must obtain an early copy.  The important thing for the Jewish revolution was that they were able to establish the right to censor publications.

All writing was thus censored unless like George Eliot you made your character a saint such as in her novel Daniel Deronda currently being promoted as a perfect example of how to write about Jews.  Post Oliver Twist writers took heed with the exception of George Reynolds.  Reynolds wrote of many Jewish characters in many ways.  He humorously described them as Sons of the Scattered Race or alternatively Sons of the Scattered Tribe in Vol. III of his Mysteries of London.  Most writers simply solved the problem by writing Jews out of society or history or carefully disguising them.

Disraeli himself did not object so much that Fagin was a criminal as he explains that all peoples have criminals but what excited him was that Fagin died on the scaffold.  According to Ben you see Jews in every walk of life but never on the scaffold unless at an auto da fe.  So Dickens real sin was having Fagin suspended on the hempen necktie.  Such an attitude would give added emphasis to the fact that Suss was led to the scaffold and, adding insult to injury, suspended thirty feet high combined with being left there for years.  As Disraeli says, insults like these are so terrible that they can only be revenged by condign punishment.  Hence Germany was bombed flat two hundred years after Suss swung.

Most writers solved the problem by excising Jews from their stories.  You can read volumes of English history without knowing there was a Jew in England.  Literature and history became that distorted.

Reynolds was certainly unafraid in his details that included Jewish characters.  As an instance in his Wagner The Wehrwolf of 1847 he portrays a Jewish pawn broker take in a magnificent set of diamonds which he replaces with paste.  The diamonds are subsequently redeemed but the purchaser of the diamonds who has a very sharp eye and knowledge of diamonds sees that they are paste.  Quite simply then the pawn broker was a crook.  Nothing was made of it by the Jews apparently because as Disreali notes the issue is the gallows and not the crime.

Certainly in English opinion of the times it would have been thought that that is what Jews do.  The clearest example of Reynolds is his novel The Necromancer of 1851.  By this time a real brouhaha was brewing as Lionel Rothschild was pressing to be sworn in as a parliamentarian according to Jewish rites and not English rites.  In other words a Jew who only accepted the old half of the religion, according to the DIsraelis instead of both halves.  Sort of a modern Jews for Jesus situation.

As Benjamin Disraeli had actually been baptized as a Christian and could swear on his faith as a Christian he could serve in Parliament but still exhibit only his faith as a Jew.  It isn’t that this wasn’t noticed and it wasn’t that Disraeli concealed it but he had been baptized.  This fact did cause a deal of resentment especially as Disraeli was trying to move the levers to remove all the Jewish disabilities while  straddling the fence between the two religions.  So that was crux of the Jewish English revolution at that stage.  In 1858 both he and Lionel would triumph.

Reynold’s was certainly direct in his attack on the Monarchy, especially George IV and his father George III and the aristocracy in his own private revolution.  It should be remembered that he believed in violent revolution to sweep away the traditions of the past much as the French Revolution of 1789 and 1830 had.  Like Disraeli he thought you had to destroy the old to create the new on its ashes.  I don’t know who Reynolds thought would govern this new world but Disraeli saw it as the Millennium ruled by Jews.

We are told the Sons of the Scattered Race wanting to inherit the world is pure nonsense, a fantasy indulged in by anti-Semites, yet, consider this career of Benjamin Disraeli and Lionel Rothschild.  Disraeli’s writings explicitly say that the desert peoples, Semites, Jews, Arabs and Bedouins are the true salt of the earth, nature’s gentlemen.  He eulogizes some’ ‘Asiatic mystery’ that cannot be understood by the Europeans that makes the Arabics profoundly spiritual with mysterious powers.

From 1844 to 1847, a period leading up to the outbreak or revolution of ’48 which he may have thought would be the millennium, he wrote his revolutionary books, Coningsby, Sybil and the ridiculous Tancred. If those books hadn’t been accepted one would have to say that he politically insane, a wild enthusiast.  Yet, his ravings, and by the time of Tancred he was off balance, astounded many people yet didn’t destroy his reputation.  Of course the books were nearly ignored, the first two only sold 3000 copies each while Tancred sank to 2200, yet, they were there.

Disraeli was joined in those years by the richest man in England and Europe. Lionel Rothschild, who was trying to enter Parliament by breaching all the rules.  Amazingly by 1848 the two had turned Parliament upside down.  Having joined forces with a man named  George Bentinck the two were able to destroy the career of what to then had been the most able Parliamentarian that England had seen.

The time period was on the cusp of a great societal change; the effects of the Industrial Revolution and its concomitant commercial organization abetted by the development of railroads were beginning to be felt and to destabilize the old order.  Revolutionary times in more ways than one.  Thus while Robert Peel was a Conservative politician looking back, Disraeli and Rothschild were forward looking to Jewish domination.  Peel simply had to go.

George Bentinck was a genuine Englishman looking out for English interests, while Benjamin Disraeli was a Jewish mole posing as a Christian on the religious level but functioning as a Jewish operative on the racial level to subvert English society.  Bentinck was not aware enough to understand who and what he was actually dealing with while Disraeli took full advantage of his ignorance.  Thus, Bentinck was Disraeli’s tool.

With Robert Peel’s career destroyed by devious means, Disraeli had published a nasty defamatory picture of Peel in his published Runnymede Letters of 1836 and many defamatory speeches in Parliament, the leadership of the Tory Party was up for grabs.  This  is now the year of 1848, the year of the third revolutionary attempt.  To be clear, Disraeli said that ’48 was completely organized and executed by Jews. Vengeance for the hanging of Suss was moving right along.

The continent rose, the last of the French kings was deposed, however no joke works well the third time in succession.  European monarchs were prepared.  The revolution was squashed and the Communist movement suppressed.  This would necessitate a change in tactics to any means necessary.

The revolution of ’48 was no surprise.  Marx had announced its imminence in 1847 with his Communist Manifesto.  Surely George Reynolds and the Chartists knew the revolution was imminent.  It had been building all through the forties and built momentum every year.  Reynolds’ very influential writings promoted revolution every week of every year from 1844 on.  Disraeli boasted, everyone boasted, that the revolution of all revolutions was coming.  It is perhaps astonishing that a nerd like Disraeli working toward that goal actually achieved it on time.

Bentinck conveniently died in 1848.  The Party was in disarray at that time so that Disraeli, whose only talent was making vicious defamatory speeches was the only logical candidate to be his Party’s leader.  Taking advantage of the confusion he did so.  Not exactly selected, but allowed to assume the role.  Thus, rather ironically, Disraeli was the leader of the Conservative Party.  He had run for Parliament four times as a Radical candidate and lost but took a Tory seat on an opportunistic basis.  He was no Conservative.  His primary goal was to further the Jewish revolution and secondarily to keep the country roiled.

George Reynolds the author did want a violent revolution.  He wanted to depose the Monarchy and disenfranchise the aristocracy.  In his case the other principal Chartists were more Fabianists favoring reform.  They were better organized and more powerful than Reynolds. He was sidelined.  The crisis passed.  Reynolds took up his pen to begin a four year harangue against the monarchy centering on George III and IV.   That 5000 page novel was called The Mysteries Of The Court Of London, one of the great novels of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.  In true revolutionary mode the novel was designed to undermine the Monarchy and aristocracy, to destroy them root and branch.  In that sense Reynolds and Disraeli were working toward the same end but different goals.

The difference was that when success had been attained, in Disraeli’s case the Jews would be preeminent and in Reynolds’ case society would have been renovated and the creativity of the people would be released as in the manner he interpreted the success of the 1830 or July Revolution in France.

To place Disraeli, all you need to do is read the full title of each of the volumes in his forty’s political trilogy: Coningby or the New Generation, Sybil or the Two Nations, Tancred or the New Crusade.

New as in a departure from the established or old, a changing of the guard.  The terms Disraeli uses will read differently in Jewish and English understanding.  The English will read New as in fresh while the Jews will read the word as different. i.e. the rise of the Jews.  The two nations of Sybil are not the rich and poor of the subtitle but the English and the Jews, the New Crusade is not Europe against the Moslems to reclaim the Holy Land but the Arabs against Europe to claim the Europe  Disraeli thought was appropriated by the Saxons and Sclaves.  Thus the Europeans had no more claim to Europe than the Semites of which the Jews were the chief representatives.  This is the way Disraeli thought.  The Jews were in control of the money of Europe, hence the most important nation of the continent.

The question then was how to obtain their heritance.  The answer is simpler than you might think.  Let us go back in time to the Age of Ares where everything began.  Check Herodotus for a full account.  This war probably took place between -1700 and -1500 and was concluded between -1200 to 1100.  We’re interpreting mythology now.  Back when the Minoans seduced the Asiatic Princess Europa away from Asia to Crete from which the Minoans administered their thalassocracy of the Aegean and Adriatic islands and Greece.  King Agenor king of Tyre in Asia was incensed. He gathered his three sons Sarpedon, Cadmus and Cilix and order them to retrieve their sister.  Sarpedon went to Crete, the most logical  place with his army but was unable to hold his own.  Driven into a corner he gave up and went to join his brother Cilix in Cilicia.

Cadmus, however went to Boeotia on the Greek mainland.  The Greeks were recent invaders hence still at odds with original Pelasgians.  Cadmus surveyed the situation and realized he was in the minority.  Clever guy, he threw a stone between the Greeks and Pelasgians and set them at war.  War over, he marched in, took over both peoples and established he famous city of Thebes restoring calm while being King.  So you see it is quite easy.

Back to the nineteenth century.  It took another sixty years or so, but events worked to the advantage of the Jews.  An Austrian Prince was shot and the devastation of WWI began in the same manner as in Boeotia.  The US flourished across the Atlantic and was successfully invaded by European Jews who quickly achieved a prominent, if not dominant role while in the East the Jews seized Russia and turned it into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.  England had been captured so now they needed an enemy in Europe to begin the war. German was sucked into the vortex. The takeover of Germany that would have completed the takeover of Europe after 1918 failed when a young fellow named Hitler snatched Germany from their hands. Events transpired, Germany under Young Hitler was surrounded by the Soviet Union, England and the US so that the most destructive war in history, even worse than WWI, began.  Remembering Jud Suss Germany was bombed flat, Prussia was erased from the map as Germany itself would have been had not FDR died, replaced by Harry Trueman who wasn’t in on the joke, so that the actual elimination of Germany didn’t occur.  Easy wasn’t it.  The collateral damage for the Jews was that the Tribe took a serious hit when both Hitler and Stalin attempted to annihilate them.  Well, it’s not all fun and games.

In 1850 however that was a ways in the future.  Let me just point out that Disraeli and Hitler followed the same ideology.  There is small difference.

Towards Supremacy In England

Here is what Disraeli means when he says that race, that is blood, is everything.  As between Judaism and Christianity they are more or less equal although as the older and purer Judaism takes precedence.  Disraeli entertains the idea that Jewish blood is unmixed and can’t be defeated while all other races are mixed and hence inferior. This reverses the biblical situation in which Cain is elder and Abel, that is the Hebrews or Jews are the younger.  As in history the Jews split off main society at the beginning of the Age of Aries the relationship is reverse in fancy.  Four thousand years later times have changed, Judaism is now the elder and Christianity the younger, the Jews have turned the situation upside down but they have to establish themselves somehow as the superior rather than the inferior.

Here is the problem because the Anglo-Saxons, Aryans or Christians in the nineteenth century are clearly showing themselves to be superior to Judaism by releasing the marvels of nature through science.  Disraeli might pooh pooh science as being nothing compared to the spirituality of Judaism but spirituality cannot be weighed and hence has no objective existence. 

As there was no answer to science than science has to be stood on its head and subordinated to Judaism.  The reaction was fairly quick so that by 1900 every branch of science was being suborned, that is, injected with Faith.

Now then, we come to the third title of the trilogy,  Tancred the New Crusader and the New Crusade.  Disraeli is going to turn the first Crusades around and have Tancred lead the New Crusade out of Palestine to conquer Europe, that is the Jews over Europe.

The original Tancred’s title in Palestine was the Prince of Galilee so the new Tancred can march forth into Europe as the representative of the Asiatics.  What is the New Crusade then?  Quite simply, Disraeli believed that the Aryans had ‘appropriated’ Europe.  That is, they have no real title to the land. God entailed Palestine to the Jews but the rest of the world was up for grabs. Tancred and his Asiatic horde are intended to expropriate the expropriators.  Disraeli is really quite delirious and so is his book.

In his vision the Jews are to unite all the Sons of the Desert, Arabs, Bedouins, all the Children of the True Blood to the New Crusade.  In esoteric circles (see Madame Blavatsky) the world exists in seven thousand year cycles.  The first six thousand years leading up to the millennium of a new heaven and a new earth in the seventh thousand.  According to the Jewish calendar the six thousand years will be completed shortly so that the Jewish thousand-year Reich is immanent.

So, there is nothing mysterious in anything Disraeli says and does; it is all of a piece with some inevitable loose ends.  Now, Tancred was written and published on the advent of the revolution of ’48 so that Disraeli was giddy over the approach of the Millennium and his book is an incoherent mess to reflect his state of mind.  Bear in mind that Disraeli is both Jewish and Christian so that more than one of his characters can be alter egos.  As I said the story is confused.  The gist of it is that perhaps  Science has eliminated his Faith so that he is allured by the ‘spirituality of Judaism,’ Jerusalem, Sinai and that sort of thing.

He develops an overwhelming desire to visit Jerusalem and the Holy Land.  He has Tancred persuade his super rich parents to buy him a yacht to sail to the Holy sites.  He assembles an entourage to make the good impression among the mysterious peoples of the East.  All is well but first, while his yacht is being out fitted he meets a lovely woman, Lady Bertie and Bellair.  This is a strange interlude the appears to have nothing to do with the story.  As the story is of the  roman a clef sort the Lady undoubtedly represents a real person.  As Tancred is the Christian alter Ego of Disraeli we can only wonder.  She professes a desire to go with him to Jerusalem even though married.

Tancred is to be helped by Sidonia/Lionel, the Lady says she knows Sidonia getting financial advice from him, Sidonia is fairly remote so Tancred’s eyebrows are raised.  It seems that Sidonia is setting her up for a major fall.  She had somehow come into contact with Sidonia’s stooge Villebecq, also from Coningsby.  Villebecq has been guiding her into an investment which she has put her fortune into, the Northern Line, a wild speculation.  The whole investment depends on whether the line will be a narrow or a broad gauge track.  At this time in railroad history the gauge had not been settled.  She at Villebecq’s guidance, who one believes must be following Sidonias orders, had her put all her money into the expectation of the wide gauge.

In the midst of a tete a tete between she and Tancred, Villebecq bursts in and hands her a note.  She reads the note and swoons.  The decision is for the narrow gauge, she has been led into ruin by Sidonia/Rothschild’s agent Villebecq.  Tancred picks up the note she dropped and reads it. Then showing no reaction he steps over the body of the lady and goes to see Sidonia.  The story thus has no coherence to the story.  If it does it is not made clear.  Perhaps Disraeli is slamming a former acquaintance.

The scene in Sidonia’s office is reminiscent of a scene in Tobia Smollet’s Ferdinand, Count Fathom in which Fathom’s friend who needs a loan is turned down by every Christian usurer on very good grounds. Thus they need to go to the Jews.  Jewish usurers at the time were the last resort.  As Fathom’s friend has no collateral or security except his name, the usurer is about to turn him down but on talking to him he realizes he is dealing with a man of real integrity but who still has no hope of paying the loan back except a hope of recovering some.  The usurer not only relents but gives him a carte blanch for unlimited funds.

In Tancred’s place, he is the only son of fabulously wealthy Northern aristocrats, but still, he who apparently controls all the money in the world gives Tancred a letter of credit drawn on a Jerusalem usurer also of unlimited wealth worth all the money in the world.  Between the cash of his parents and the unlimited letter of credit from Sidonia Tancred is undoubtedly the richest man of the world.  The New Crusader shall have funds for his New Crusade.  That crusade will involve in the wild, delirious fantasy of Disraeli, the Semitic conquest of Europe.  Remember the story is written on the cusp of the ’48 revolution that Disraeli knows is coming, has said that it was devised and run wholly by Jews while I’m sure that he and they had no doubts of its total success.  But it was a failed run up to the two World Wars.

Back in 1666, in the day of the messiah Sabbatai Zevi,  Jewish Europe had been organized so that on the news of Sabbatai’s accession they were to rise and slaughter the Europeans.  Jews had sold all their possessions while they reveled and partied in the expectation of appropriating Europe.  ’48 was an even a better plan with a real chance of success.  Disraeli was really Dizzy at this point.

From the reality back to the story.  The book is very involved, very convoluted so my condensation leaves out a lot.  Having arrived in Jerusalem, a magical city for this is a magical fairy tale, Tancred accidently meets The Rose of Sharon (an inside joke) and her idiot friend Fakredeen. Fakredeen is a clear alter-ego of Disraeli at this point in his elation.  Word has leaked out that Tancred has all the money in the world.  Fakredeen is penniless but like Disraeli a real schemer and he has he plans to take over Europe.  He just has to guide Tancred, the Prince of Galilee, into his plot. For now Tancred is entranced by the magic of the mysteries of the East and Jerusalem.  Before he does anything else he desires to climb the Magic Mountain, Mount Sinai.

Leaving without any preparations he heads out into what Disraeli describes as a hideous desert, totally barren and black.  On the way Tancred’s party is blocked attempting to pass through a narrow defile by a body of Asiatics.  Without attempting to learn their intent, he charges them and is wounded.  As it turns out they were friendly Jews sent to escort him.

As a Roman a clef it is possible that this represented Disraeli’s first encounter with George Bentinck, his ally in the battle to gain control of Parliament.  This incident may be an allegory.  Tancred’s wound was infected and he came within a hair of dying.  Fakredeen now takes control of the story.  His brain is in a whirl.  He has all kinds of plans he cannot turn to reality because he is hopelessly in debt, as, indeed, was Disraeli.  But he now has Tancred in his power.  Is Tancred then related to Sidonia as Disraeli imagined himself related to Sidonia in the story and Lionel Rothschild in real life?  Is Lionel Rothschild connected to the revolutionists of ’48? And, if so, how?

This is confused, Fakredeen returns to his own stronghold in the Lebanese mountain after destroying all the competing religious factions, which are numerous, on his way. Now this is really interesting.  Hidden back in the woods where all people are forbidden to go lies an ancient kingdom ruled over by a legendary queen.  This people is the last remaining remnant of the Olympian religion, that of Zeus.  Fakredeen destroys this and he is ready to lead the bewildered Tancred on his crusade to appropriate Europe.  Here the story escapes his hands and even Disraeli is bewildered.

He takes the easy way out.  Tancred’s Mom and Dad arrive to pick their boy up and take him home.  It was just a dream, wasn’t it?  A  probability of why this story was so frenetic and disorganized is because that was Disraeli’s state of mind.  Just as the crisis of Bentinck’s and his plan to capture Parliament Disreali had a breakdown.  He left Bentinck in the lurch and took three months off apparently to write this story.

Europe rose in ’48 but after a short furious battle the Monarchies of Europe defeated them.  Never try a joke three times in succession.  It might work the first two times but will flop on the third and so did the revolution.  But Bentinck succeeding in capturing the Parliament in England.  But then…Bentinck suddenly died and Disraeli became the leader of the Party even though he was wildly unfavored.  Fairy tales can come true when you wish upon a star.  Amazing huh?

Who Killed George Bentinck?

The following will be slightly controversial.   I only conjecture, but on a firm foundation.  Let us go to the end of Benjamin’s Disraeli’s life.  Just before he died the aged Disraeli was feeling guilt.  He had tried to exorcise it in 1851 when he published a fairly long account of the fight to remove Robert Peel.  He called it George Bentinck, A Political Biography.  But now as the darkness gathered he invited two young descendants of George Bentinck to dinner at Hughenden, the palatial residence that the Bentincks bought for him.  The two sat across from each other while Disraeli sat at the head of the table.  All the while the two sat silently eating Disraeli sat with a biscuit slowly crumbling it away.

When the two finished Disraeli stood up and announced:  I come from a race that never forgives an injury but always remembers a favor.  Prime Minister Harald MacMillen told the story.

How do we interpret it?  Did Disraeli really believe that that bizarre dinner paid off a debt?  Race was everything to Disraeli and his race forbade Jews to eat with non-Jews.  Thus as the two ate Disraeli methodically crumbled a biscuit, perhaps timing the crumbling to coincide the last crumb with the last bite of his guests.  Did he think he was crumbling away guilt?  Did he think he had exonerated himself of some crime?  What else could it mean?  What crime and what insult or injury.  There is no question but that he used George Bentinck for his own ends.  Later in life he would call the Bentincks a strange breed.

In the heat of the crisis in Parliament Disraeli took three months off to write his preposterous Tancred.  Bentinck upbraided him for leaving him alone on the field of battle.  In Tancred Fakredeen makes the comment that he’s called a coward for running when the shooting started.  His response was ‘Running from battle?  What’s that?  Moral courage is more important.  Notice the flippant ‘What’s that?’  That’s a real indication of character.  Leaves the field of battle at the critical moment leaving Bentinck to handle the situation alone?  Bentinck should have been incensed.  Who knows what else was said?  Bentinck’s comments were taken as a mortal insult by one who’s race avenges each and every insult according to Disraeli, and the facts of history.

To give another example of when words kill let us move up in time to WWI in the US, itself vengeance for the execution of Suss.  The Jewish Wall Street speculator Bernard Baruch was instrumental in getting Woodrow Wilson elected president in 1912.  In 1917 he was given his reward by Wilson by  being made the chief of the  WIB, War Industries Board.  And, in addition was made co-president by Wilson with no oversight.  He was responsible only to Wilson but needed no pre-approval for what he did.  Jud Suss would have turned green with envy.  The Jewish world must have glowed, as the Jews then shared the power of the US.

You may be sure that Baruch took full advantage of his position and began to consolidate the entire industry of the US into one unit under his control.

He met resistance from only one quarter and that was the auto industry of Detroit.  They absolutely refused to go along with Suss/Baruch. A fierce confrontation ensued in which the Dodge Bros. insulted Baruch’s race.  Baruch said nothing at the time but in 1920 ‘ran into’ John Dodge in a New York City hotel as he was going to a bootleg gin party. 

Dodge apologized for his wartime comments, inviting Baruch upstairs.  Baruch declined.  Dodge died that night from bootleg tainted gin.  In his autobiography Baruch gloats:  John Dodge died that night from that filthy gin that night.  Then later in 1920 John’s brother Horace Dodge died an ‘accidental death’.  Two out of three wartime adversaries.  The third, Henry Ford shortly after Horace’s death was run off the road late at night returning home.  He crashed off an embankment of the Rouge River but was stopped from entering it when a friendly tree arrested his descent.  He was seriously battered but survived.  The car than ran him off was driven by the Jewish Purple Gang of Detroit.

There are hazards in ‘offending’ the Jews.  So now we swing back in time to the Disraeli-Bentinck situation.  In addition probably resenting Bentinck’s comments, with the Parliament in disarray after the battle, Bentinck stood in the way of Disraeli becoming the Party leader.  Disraeli was nearly fifty years old while never ever haveing made any distinctions other than being thought a good laugh as an orator.  Here was probably his only chance to break through.

As one of his guiding thoughts was, there comes a time when the opportunity presents itself which if taken at that moment leads to success or it not seized ends your chances.  This was that moment.  Disraeli also believed that you have to destroy to create.

In after years Disraeli would say, as mentioned by Robert Blake, that Bentinck didn’t have the qualifications to lead the party beyond the crisis.  Perhaps it was best he died.  Bentinck was only fifty-two when he died apparently from a heart attack.  He had just dined and decided to take a walk.  He never returned.  He was found face down a few hundred yards along in the bushes alongside the path he was following.

Did he have a heart attack?  It was said he did but that must have been pure speculation as they had no way of telling at that time.  So, did Baruch and the Dodges have something in common with Disraeli and Bentinck.  As David Cole would say:  cui bono?  Well, Disraeli.  Of course that’s not proof, but, there was Disraeli a decade or two later crumbling his biscuit as he watched saying nothing as two of Bentinck’s decedents ate their dinner which he contemptuously refused to share.  After the dinner he announced that he came from the race that never forgot an injury or insult but also honored those that helped them.  He was killing two birds with that stone.

That’s my interpretation of that scene.

Summary

The modern history of Jewish activities began in 1740 with the execution of Joseph Suss Oppenheimer in Wurttemberg, Germany.

The arch-criminal Samuel Falk moved from the Continent to England from which he directed continental plotting.   It may be coincidental but remember that Falk predicted that there would be a thirty years war and that war occurred from 1914-1845.

In 1798 Nathan Rotschild arrived in England of which he gained extreme financial power if not control of England’s finances.

In 1804 Benjamin Disraeli was born to Isaac D’Israeli.

In 1816 Benjamin was baptized in a Christian ceremony.  In his mind then he was a racial and religious Jew doubling as a Christian because Christianity fulfilled Judaism, Judaism being of two parts.

In 1833 Isaac D’Israeli published his book The Genius of Judaism whose content had formed Benjamin Disraeli’s Judaism.  To this he joined his racial views of Jewish supremacy.  Combined with his religious views his political career is defined.

In 1836 Disraeli published a series of letters defaming various leaders of Parliament including Robert Peel.  These collected letters he titled The Letters of Runnymede.  Runnymede was where the Barons confronted King John in 1215 to obtain the Magna Carta.  Disreali is signaling that he sees himself as a New Baron obtaining a new Magna Carta under which the Jews will be dominant.

In 1837 he was elected to Parliament and began his political career.

1826-1847 he published a series of books that seriously damaged his reputation. The most important was the trilogy of 1844-47, Coningsby, Sybil and Tancred.

In 1837 on his arrival in Parliament he began a crusade to eliminate Robert Peel the party leader.  In this crusade with longtime Parliamentarian George Bentinck the two were successful in driving Peel out of office by 1848 leaving Parliament and the Tory Party in turmoil.

In 1848 George Bentinck mysteriously died leaving the path open for Disraeli to become the unpopular leader of the Party.  Thus Disraeli opened the way to becoming Prime Minister by 1974.  While he failed as Prime Minister he had opened the door for his Race.

Some Additional Thoughts And Background

The late eighteenth century population of England had doubled by 1840.  Had the eighteenth century Industrial Revolution never occurred millions would have been idle and famine would have resulted.  It was on this basis that Malthus speculated that the population growth would always exceed the food supply.  Malthus was correct based on a pre-Industrial Revolution situation.  However industrial change created a completely new situation in which the excess population could be employed and fed.  The railroad was the main engine of employment that rescued England as well as steel ocean liners and other advancements too numerous to mention.

Being new the situation was not easily understood, hence a period of confusion and groping.  It was this situation that Disraeli took advantage of either intuitively or consciously.  The rapidly growing Jewish population was also unsettling traditional English society as they had no intention of assimilating preferring to remain absolutely separate and antagonistic.  Once again, Isaac D’Israeli’s The Genius of Judaism is essential reading to understand the Jewish point of view that was separate from the English point of view and in conflict.

The overall situation demanded a reevaluation of the society.  On the literary scene it was a scene of intense literary activity examined non-fictionally and fictionally.  Disraeli’s works may be considered as part of this examination from the Jewish point of view. 

As if they understood that a new era was developing in England men such as Charles Knight whose survey of London titled London organized the tremendous growth of London into an organic whole.  Henry Mayhew  did an large sociologic study of London’s poor that was matched by the most interesting of the students of London and its streets the afore mentioned George W.M. Reynolds who wrote immense studies disguised as novels.

Naturally any such efforts would have to include the Jews.  While not making the situation offensive he wrote extensively about the Jews throughout his very extensive corpus.  While a novelist Reynolds was also a social scientist, psychologist, scientifically aware, he was a great admirer of Franz Gall for instance.  Gall was an innovative student of the human mind, probing the areas of the brain to see how it functioned.  He was greatly misunderstood and one of aspect, that of phrenology, left him open to ridicule and no one today takes him seriously.  He was a great man however and Reynolds understood what he was doing perfectly.  He was a great student of Gall’s physiognomy using the concept continually.  But, that’s neither here nor there however the depth and breadth of Reynolds’ mind must be understood.

In 1846-47 when Disraeli was publishing his novels exalting the Jews as a race superior to all others, Reynolds wrote Vol. III of his Mysteries of London, a great work in excess of four thousand pages. Vol.III also written in 1846-7 might have been in response to Disraeli, and while untitled might have been called Tom Rainford and the Mysterious Jewess, if one were to give it a name.  Reynolds appeared to be showing the Jews the correct way of integrating into English society thus avoided the antagonism which seems to have been running very high at the time perhaps exacerbated by Disraeli’s career which was offensive to English sensibilities.  Really, his trilogy is ridiculous and offensive.

The main thread of Vol. III involves Tom Rainford and the de Medina family of a Jewish father and two sisters , Esther and Tamar de Medina who, while not twins are nearly identical.  Rain, as he is known, is involved with Tamar.  Mr. Medina is a respectable retired merchant of the Sephardic branch of Jews.  Thus, while giving the Jews an example of how to go about integrating into English society he can admonish his fellow English that not all Jews fit the stereotype. Etc., etc.  The time worn arguments.

As to Disraeli being a mole.  After being elected to Paliament he began a relationship with Lionel Rothschild that lasted until his death.  The Rothschilds with their enormous wealth essentially looted from the English people by usury were the driving force behind Jewish activities in Europe and through  August Belmont their American representative very influential in the United States.

The Jews always seemed to have decisive information almost before the events occurred and maybe before.  Much of their reputation as a  magical people is based on this.  The solution is readily apparent.  Disraeli in the early years of his career had access to classified information that he easily passed to his new friend Lionel.  Once his career achieved ministerial status all was known to him.  In the most classical case he not only passed information but openly collaborated with Lionel to mortgage the British government to the Rothschilds.  A key number of shares  to the Suez Canal were put on sale by the Egyptian Khedive.  Disraeli as Prime Minister thought it important to obtain them.  As Parliament was not in session and time of the essence and acting only on his own initiative consulting nobody, something like Bernard Baruch he immediately rushed to Lionel and requested a loan of four million pounds.  Lionel asked Disraeli what the collateral was and Disraeli proudly proclaimed, the British Empire.  The loan was made.  It was redeemed as Parliament resumed session, however.  Still, for the that brief moment the Jews were potential owners of the Empire on which the sun never set.  Imagine that.  If Rothschild had called the debt with Parliament out of session the Jews would have owned the most powerful country in the world.  Close call for the English.

Do you not think then that Alfred Dreyfus was doing the same thing in France in the 1890s, just as Johnthan Pollard did the same thing in the late twentieth century in the US?  The Suez shares were good work for a mole, don’t you think?  It’s time for a reassessment of Disraeli’s career.

The amazing thing was that while acting so openly, and openly despised, Disreali could achieve what he did.  This, then was and is the critical thing about democracy.  It is so easily used for nefarious purposes.  Was Disraeli’s rise in the English Democracy any different from Hitler’s rise in Germany?  No, both manipulated Democracy for their own ends.  Thus while both men were despised by their respective constituencies both succeeded.

To conclude: an example of Disraeli’s incredible Chutzpah.  Is it any wonder that he was despised?

Prime Minster Robert Peel was the reigning Parliamentary force when Disraeli entered Parliament in 1837 a year after he had written his scathing Runnymede Letters.  He immediately launched an all out attack to destroy Robert Peel’s authority and personal reputation by defamation  in which he succeeded thus removing an impediment to his own advancement.  With Peel out by 1848 it was necessary for him remove his close associate George Bentinck.  Without a pause he did.

In his book Coningsby he makes a sly reference to Sir Robert as he tells of a Steeplechase Race in which Coningsby rides a horse named Sir Robert. This obviously describes his vision of what he is doing in Parliament. The tale could be subconscious but, yet, it is so cleverly done that it must have been consciously malicious and mean spirited.  I quote the tale in full: Chap. XIV,

Quote:

Affairs now became interesting.  Here Coningsby took up the running, Sidonia and the Marquess lying close at his quarters.  Mr. Melton had gone the wrong side of the flag, and the stout yeoman, though close at hand, was already trusting much to his spurs.  In the extreme distance might be detected three or four stragglers.  Thus they continued until within three fields of home.  A ploughed field finished the old white horse; the yeoman struck his spurs to the rowels, but the only effect of the experiment was, that the horse stood stock still.  Coningsby, Sidonia and the Marquess were now all together.  The winning-post in sight, and a high and strong gate leads to the last field.  Coningsby, looking like a winner, gallantly dashed forward and sent Sir Robert at the gate, but he had overestimated his horse’s powers at this point in the game, and a rattling fall was the consequence: however, horse and rider were both on the right side, and Coningsby was in the saddle and at work again in a moment.  It seemed that the Marquess was winning.  There was only one more fence; and that the foot people had made a breach in by the side of a gatepost, and wide enough, as was said, for a broad-wheeled wagon to travel by.  Instead of passing straight over this gap, Sunbeam swerved against the gate and threw his rider.  This was decisive.  The Daughter of the Star, who was still going beautifully, pulling double, and her jockey sitting still, sprang over the gap and went in first; Coningsby on Sir Robert being placed second.

Unquote.

That appears to have been Disraeli’s account of his being second to Sir Robert Peel in Parliament while his Party was trying to pass a Protection bill.  As the rider Disraeli thought himself the actual driving force behind Sir Robert.  At the crucial moment in the attempted passage of the bill it would seem that Sir Robert was unequal to the task, that failed the jump and came in second, in this case, behind Sidonia/Lionel. Thus the Jewish rider on his super arab horse, sitting straight took the gate with ease.  Sidonia remarks to Coningsby that his horse, Sir Robert, wasn’t strong enough. Fairly snide and which undoubtedly drew a smile from anyone familiar with the situation.  A decisive step in the removal of the obstacle to his own rise.

As a slight aside Disraeli threw in a pronunciation test to amuse the reader. Sir Cholmondely Featherstonehaugh attended a party.  Apparently even then few people knew how to pronounce the two names.  A ridiculous pronunciation really. The two names are pronounced, Chumley Fanshawe.  Never would have figured that one out, would you?

As usual with the Jews the divisive use of the words  New and Young were employed.  Disraeli sat up a competitive group called Young England thus separating several members into a Party within the Party the better to undermine the Party.  He formed his Young England around Sir George Bentinck a respected member, unlike himself.  Thus with Bentinck as the leader of Young England Benjamin could dissociate himself as the originator.

Flailing wildly left and right, smashing anyone who got in his way while claiming to be the most intelligent member of Parliament working with mediocrities, within twenty years Disraeli temporarily reached his goal of Prime Minister. 

Apparently few if any English had read Isaac’s The Genius Of Judaism and if they had they had neither ingested nor digested the contents.  They seem to have been mystified by Benjamin’s behavior.  Had they read Isaac’s book they would have found an outline for his behavior and where it was leading.

With their man on the inside, the mole working to tear that mountain down, Lionel Rothschild began his assault on dismantling the structure of society.  Four religions were functioning in England at the time.  Church of England, Catholicism, Judaism and the various sects of Protestantism, or Dissenters as they were known, and one might almost include Libertinism.  The first was the established ideology while the latter three suffered civil disabilities not being allowed to influence Protestant institutions, that is the Universities and Parliament. 

You may be sure that both wanted to be enfranchised while their histories prevented them from being accepted.  Indeed, while they professed to object to religious discrimination both religions historically had discriminated against all others.  It was feared, with good reason,  that if allowed parity they would attempt to do so again.  The fear was justified when the Jews gained parity becoming the controlling source of the country.

Resistance was very strong.  Lionel was defeated time after time in his request to be seated not as an Englishman but as a Jew.  With Benjamin on the inside, as a nominal Christian, proposing to change to the rules and Lionel on the outside battering at the door they followed traditional Jewish strategy.

The problem was that as a member you had to take an oath as a Christian.  Lionel refused to do so wanting to take the oath as a Jew thereby changing the character of Parliament.  Lionel had no problem being elected as a City member within which Jews were the predominating influence and while Parliament was willing to seat him on his oath as a Christian he refused more than once until finally in 1858 he and Benjamin broke the door down.

At that point England ceased to be a Christian State.

By 1858 while nominally Christian it had become or was well on the way to becoming a strictly secular population.  Science had undermined religion so that it no longer had the validity it once maintained.  A year later, in 1859, Darwin would thoroughly discredit religion with his seminal work The Origin of Species, thus confirming Lyell’s work in Geology.

As mentioned earlier in the essay, within two years Disraeli was howling that he rejected Science being on the side of superstition or, as he put it, the Angels.  As his father Isaac wrote that Judaism was immutable Science not Christianity was the great enemy of Judaism.  Not only was Jud Suss to be avenged but Science had to be destroyed in favor of Jewish magic.  Those two items were the struggle of the Jews in the twentieth century.  The two world wars avenged Suss and today the core of science has been all but destroyed in favor of Jewish magic.

The struggle goes on.  One man, Jud Suss, created hell on earth.

Henry Hetherington: The Revolutionary Life of a Radical Printer (1850) | G. W. M. Reynoldsby Stephen BasdeoThe following biography of Henry Hetherington originally appeared in Reynolds’s Political Instructor, accompanied with a portrait of Hetherington on the front page. Likely written G.W.M. Reynolds, it has been transcribed by Stephen Basdeo.[1] Henry Hetherington as featured in Reynolds’s Political Instructor (folio size, Stephen Basdeo Personal Collection)The name of the late Mr. Hetherington is no doubt familiar to our readers as that of a man who was ever engaged in the good work of political and intellectual progress, and who suffered severely by advocating those rights so tenaciously withheld from the humbler classes in this country. Henry Hetherington was born in the year 1792, in Compton Street, Soho, and was apprenticed to the trade of a printer, serving his time with the father of that well-known charitable gentleman, Luke Hansard. When his apprenticeship had ceased, the trade being dull and overstocked, Hetherington went to Belgium, where he worked for a considerable period. On returning to England he established himself in a shop situated in Kingsgate Street, Holborn, from whence he issued the first number of the Poor Man’s Guardian. This was in the year 1831. At the close of 1830 he was appointed by the working men of London to draw up a circular for the formation of Trades’ Unions; and that document being sanctioned by a meeting of delegates, formed the basis of the “National Union of the Working Classes,” which ultimately led to Chartism.Three convictions were obtained against Hetherington for publishing the unstamped Poor Man’s Guardian, and warrants were issued for taking him into custody; but he contrived for a long time to frustrate the endeavours of the Bow Street officials to capture him; and might have done so much longer in the country, had he not resolved upon returning to London for the purpose of having a last interview with his dying mother. He reached the door of his house, knocked hard, but was not answered; before his second summons was heard, the Bow Street runners had pounced upon him, and he was their prisoner. Hetherington was then conveyed to Clerkenwell Gaol where he remained for six months. The Guardian was carried on all the time. In the year 1832, before he had been many months at liberty, Hetherington was again imprisoned in the same gaol for six months, during which period he endured the most rigorous and cruel treatment,—all for the high crime of selling a penny paper without being stamped.A regular system of persecution was adopted by the government to suppress unstamped publications and crush cheap literature for ever. Heywood of Manchester, Guest of Birmingham, with about five hundred other news venders, were imprisoned for selling the “Unstamped.” In the year 1833 Hetherington removed from Kingsgate Street to his well-known shop in the Strand; he fearlessly persevered in his efforts to obtain for the people the immense advantages attendant upon cheap literature. The Destructive, ironically styled the Conservative, was issued from the Strand; and the London Dispatch followed, at one time obtaining a weekly circulation of twenty-five thousand. In 1834 Henry Hetherington was again tried for publishing the Guardian, he defended himself and obtained an acquittal; but was convicted for the Conservative. He, however, contrived for some time to elude the vigilance of the officers employed to capture him, by entering and leaving his house in the disguise of a Quaker. But the government revenged themselves by seizing in his shop for two hundred and twenty pounds, in the name of the commissioners for stamps, on the ground that he was not a registered printer: his premises were cleared out; but Hetherington, nothing daunted, purchased another printing-machine, and as no printer had courage sufficient to undertake his work, continued, in spite of the government’s persecution, to publish his unstamped periodicals until they consented to reduce the newspaper stamp to one penny, when he issued the Two penny Dispatch, a journal, edited by Mr. James Bronterre O’Brien. Mr. Hetherington had thus, by his persevering courage, achieved a triumph that should endear his name for ever to the poorer classes in England: he defied the law, he suffered imprisonment, and lost his property in struggling for a right which eventually was partially conceded; and to his energy, ability, and per severance are we indebted for the immense benefits de rived by the masses from the circulation amongst them of cheap literature.Henry Hetherington was one of the earliest and most energetic of working-men engaged in the foundation of the Mechanics’ Institute, and his zeal and intelligence procured for him the friendship of Dr. Birkbeck. Upon the opinions in respect of religion entertained by Mr. Hetherington, it is not our intention to dwell; holding it, as we do, an arrogant assumption on the part of any man to censure or denounce the honest conviction of his fellows on a question that alone rests between man and his Creator.The subject of this sketch represented London and Stockport in the great convention of 1839, of which the martyr Frost was a member; and his latter years were devoted to advocating the principles of Socialism and Chartism. In the parish of St. Pancras, where he was a director of the poor, he was universally esteemed for his benevolence, ability, integrity, and good sense, even by those who dissented from his views. His strict temperance warranted him in believing that he was not very to fall a victim to the prevailing epidemic—the cholera, and when first seized with it he refused to call in medical relief. Professional advice was subsequently summoned, but it was too late; Hetherington’s hours upon earth were numbered, and his useful life drew rapidly to a close. He sunk under the disease, and expired on the morning of August, the 24th, 1849, aged fifty-seven years; leaving behind him one son and a widow, who carries on her lamented husband’s business in Judd Street, New Road. Several orations were made over the grave of Hetherington by friends who had known him long, and appreciated the excellence of his intentions.[1] [G.W.M. Reynolds], ‘The Late Henry Hetherington’, Reynolds’s Political Instructor, 2 February 1850, 1–2.